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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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Warsaw Pact

Documents on the Eastern Bloc military and security organization dominated by the Soviet Union.Also known as the Warsaw Treaty Organization, or the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance. The documents span 1955 to 1988, and most come from archives in Russia, Bulgaria, Romania, and Poland. Most discuss troop movements amongst the Warsaw Pact states. Topics discussed include military exercises, cooperatives agreements, Romania and Czech military formations, and relations with the United States. See also the 1956 Polish and Hungarian Crisis, the 1980-81 Polish Crisis, the Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia, and Warsaw Pact Military Planning. (Image, Warsaw Pact leaders, 1987, Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-1987-0529-029)

  • August 22, 1968

    Report on the Polish Second Army, August 22, 1968 at 7:00 AM

    Report states that Polish Second Army divisions are in good spirits and believe their mission to intervene in Czechoslovakia is a just cause. Report states that despite the good will of Polish soldiers, they face hostility from the Czech army and citizens alike. Report then states what actions should be undertaken.

  • August 24, 1968

    Report on the Polish Second Army division taking part in Operation Danube

    Report states there are no problems with the morale and political state of soldiers and officers of the Second Army, though the soldiers have faced open hostility from Czech citizens. Overall relations between Czech Army and Polish divisions are negative.

  • August 25, 1968

    Report from Political Board of Polish Second Army

    Report on the use of propaganda materials and how they have been distributed in Czech cities and villages. It also lists several incidents of hostility expressed by Czech soldiers/citizens towards Warsaw Pact soldiers.

  • August 26, 1968

    Report from the Second Army's Political Department at 19:00 hours

    Document continues reporting on relations between Czech citizens and Warsaw Pact armies as well as the state of Polish Second Army. Report describes propaganda dissemination in villages and cities as well as how unfriendly relations between Czech and Polish soldiers remain.

  • August 26, 1968

    Report from Polish Second Army’s Political Department at 7:35 hours

    Report praises soldiers of the Polish Second Army for their political maturity and high spirits but says that relations between Czech citizens and soldiers of Second Army are not amicable. On August 25th, the political branch of Second Army led a propaganda operation designed for Czech society and soldiers.

  • September 04, 1968

    Report Regarding the Implementation of the Second Phase of Operation Danube

    Chief of General Staff and Deputy Minister of National Defense General Chocha describes what steps need to be taken now that the Army is transitioning into the second phase of the "Danube" operation.

  • September 07, 1968

    Report from the Political Department of Polish Second Army on the emotional-political condition of the soldiers taking part in Operation ‘Danube’

    Report states the morale of soldiers taking part in Operation Danube is still good. But there is still no change in the unfriendly relations between Czech people and Warsaw Pact soldiers. The report describes how the Czech people are under the influence of revisionist and reactionary propaganda. It also details the conflict between Czech soldiers and Polish soldiers. It also gives an update of propaganda being broadcast through Czech radio stations.

  • September 28, 1968

    Note of Discussions between Nicolae Ceausescu and Marshal I.I. Jakubovsky

    Marshal Jakubovsky briefed Ceausescu and the Romanian leadership on changes that were being made to the Unified Command structure.

  • September 30, 1968

    Gen. Djurov’s Report on the participation of Bulgarian troops in the Warsaw Pact operation in Czechoslovakia, 30 September 1968

    The Minister reports on the progress of the allied operation and on the strength of the Czech resistance.

  • November 26, 1968

    Note on the events at the Seminar of Red Cross Journals from Socialist Countries, held in Prague, 19-22 Nov. 1968. Cover note from Anton Moisescu, President of the Romanian Red Cross, to Nicolae Ceausescu, Secretary General, CC RCP.

    Note about the experiences of N. Palade, Chief Editor of the Romanian Red Cross journal "Sanatatea" at the Socialist bloc seminar of Red Cross journals. The information note discusses Czechoslovak reactions to the Soviet-led invasion and occupation of Czechoslovakia and especially of Prague. Palade describes his reception by the Czechoslovak officials and the current attitude of the Czechoslovak population vis-à-vis the Soviet Union and the other East Bloc countries, describing the pessimism that seized the population after the August 1968 invasion.

  • 1969

    Proposal from Angel Solakov to CC BCP Secretariat on Sending a Ministry Representative to Warsaw

    A proposal from the Minister of Internal Affairs to the BCP CC for putting one counter-intelligence operative on staff in the Bulgarian Embassy in Warsaw.

  • March 01, 1969

    Memorandum of Discussions at a Dinner Hosted by Corneliu Manescu in Honor of Marshal I.I. Yakubovksy

    The memorandum describes a dinner conversation that took place between Manescu, Jakubovsky, and several other guests. The talk focused primarily on relations within the socialist bloc and how Romania interacted with other countries.

  • March 01, 1969

    Report on Romanian bilateral relations with the USSR, Bulgaria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Poland, and East Germany.

    A report prepared by the Foreign Ministry covering all aspects of Romanian relations with the Eastern bloc countries for the period of 1 January 1968-15 March 1969.

  • September 09, 1969

    Letter from General Ion Gheorghe to Nicolae Ceausescu

    General Gheorghe is writing to inform Cheausescu of staff talks he had in Moscow regarding upcoming maneuvers to be held in Romania. He recommends that they be rescheduled to 1970.

  • March 01, 1970

    Letter from General Ion Ionita to Nicolae Ceausescu

    General Ionita is writing to Ceausescu to inform him of staff talks he had in Moscow in regards to upcoming Warsaw Pact maneuvers to be held in Romania.

  • December 08, 1970

    Circular Letter from George Macovescu to Romanian Chiefs of Mission

    George Macovescu describes the meeting held in Berlin, which focused largely on the improvement of relations between Eastern European countries and the Federal Republic of Germany.

  • April 29, 1971

    Information #310 KGB on PGU KGB View on a Proposal of a Warsaw Pact Intelligence Services Meeting

  • January 10, 1972

    Telegram from George Macovescu to Romanian Ambassador in Moscow

    Macovescu is directing the Ambassador to seek an appointment the Deputy Foreign Minister of the USSR. He instructs the Ambassador to do this in order to begin planning for an upcoming meeting of Political Consultative Committee meeting.

  • January 11, 1972

    Telegram from Romanian Ambassador in Moscow to George Macovescu

    The ambassador informs Macovescu that he has seen the Deputy Foreign Minister and has answered the questions asked in the previous telegram.

  • January 15, 1972

    Note on Soviet proposals for European security at the Prague Conference of the Consultative Political Committee of the Warsaw Pact

    A note detailing the presentation of a Soviet proposal for European security at a meeting of the Political Consultative Committee. The note explains in detail the Soviet proposal.