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Digital Archive International History Declassified

June, 2007

THE KGB OF THE UKRAINIAN SSR. ANNUAL REVIEW BY V.V. FEDORCHUK OF COUNTER-INTELLIGENCE OPERATIONS IN 1970. FOLDER 16. THE CHEKIST ANTHOLOGY.

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    Annual review presented by V.V. Fedorchuk, chairman of the KGB in the Ukrainian SSR, summarizes the main successes, failures, and future priorities of the KGB in 1971.
    "The KGB of the Ukrainian SSR. Annual review by V.V. Fedorchuk of counter-intelligence operations in 1970. Folder 16. The Chekist Anthology.," June, 2007, History and Public Policy Program Digital Archive, Contributed to CWIHP by Vasili Mitrokhin. https://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/document/113423
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Annual review presented by V.V. Fedorchuk, chairman of the KGB in the Ukrainian SSR, summarizes the main successes, failures, and future priorities of the KGB in 1971.

According to Mitrokhin, Fedorchuk reported that in 1970 a number of Jewish nationalist groupings were uncovered in Kiev, Khariv, and Odessa. In addition, 33 Soviet citizens were seen in contact with foreign nationals. Counterintelligence efforts concerning foreign-bound vessels had been inappropriate. On a passenger vessel "Bashkira," for example, crew members, including KGB agents, engaged in contraband.

The KGB conducted operations across 800 objects in industry, ministries and agencies, railroad, air and naval vessels. In 1970, preventative measures were undertaken against 153 ideological groups and 13 nationalist groups. Criminal charges were pressed against 313 people as a result.

317 anonymous letter writers were identified. Over 20,000 ideologically harmful documents had been confiscated. Operative Technical Unit conducted over 8,500 operations, including wiretappings in hotels, apartments, etc. The rate of conviction, however, remained low, constituting only 34% of the total number of arrested.

Most operatives in the Ukrainian KGB have, on average, 7 to 9 agents. In Kharkiv, operatives of the Fifth Directorate are servicing 14 residencies. They have been assigned over 80 agents. In 1970, the Ukrainian KGB recruited 4 foreign nationals.

More than 60,000 foreign nationals visit Crimea annually. This creates broad opportunities for the enemy to recruit Soviet citizens.

133 specialists have left Zaporozhye for India to participate in the construction of a metallurgic plant. It was reported that they constantly communicate with specialists from England and the GDR.

In 1969, agent-related work in Vinnitsia Oblast accounted for 36% of an operative's time, while in 1970 it rose to 50%. Meetings with agents take place at least twice a month. An operative has 10 to 20 agents on average. Operatives in Dnipropetrovsk have, on average, 19 agents.

Colonel Liodianoy reported that out of 177 kilometers of Chernivtsi Oblast's border with Romania, 30 kilometers spread through mountainous regions, where a technological base is limited. Only 12 soldiers guard 21 kilometers of the borderline.

Transit trains from Romania, Poland, and Czechoslovakia lack control. In 1970, 1752 individuals have not left the USSR out of 1,354,000 citizens from socialist countries, which entered through the customs in the western Ukraine.



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