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Digital Archive International History Declassified

March 01, 1974

BULGARIAN MILITARY INTELLIGENCE REPORT ON TURKISH MILITARY OPERATION IN CYPRUS

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    The Ministry of Defense has received information for Turkish plans for invasion of Greece in an event of escalation of the conflict in Cyprus.
    "Bulgarian Military Intelligence Report on Turkish Military Operation in Cyprus," March 01, 1974, History and Public Policy Program Digital Archive, Central State Archive, Sofia, Fond 378-B, File 866, Papka 15. Translated by Vanja Petkova, Edited by Dr. Jordan Baev. Obtained by the Bulgarian Cold War Research Group. https://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/document/113660
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MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEFENCE
General Staff

SECRET
Copy No 1
TO: CC BCP FIRST SECRETARY AND
CHAIRMAN OF THE STATE COUNCIL, COMRADE TODOR ZHIVKOV

INFORMATION No 15

We received information that in the last days of February this year, the Turkish Land Forces Headquarters has issued an order to the 1st Turkish Army (Istanbul) to prepare within twenty days an operations plan for an offensive operation against Greece under the code name Kaluch (Sword).

In previous years (1967 and 1968) when relations between the two countries had been strained on the Cyprus question, the Turkish Military Headquarters had prepared another operations plan, under the code-name Kalkan (Shield), intended for possible military operations against Greece and Cyprus.

The preparation of the Kaluch plan is possibly either a constituent part of the Kalkan plan or a thoroughly new plan. It is intended for the preparation and action of Turkish Land Forces in the event of new complications on the Cyprus question as well as in the event of further strains of the existing contradictions between the two countries over the exploration of oil-fields in the Eastern part of the Aegean Sea.
As it is known, lately both Greece and Turkey have each started oil fields exploration separately in the Aegean sea close to the Asia Minor coast. Since the islands in close proximity to the coast are dominated by Greece, the two countries renewed the dispute exactly on their maritime borders.

DEPUTY CHIEF OF THE GENERAL STAFF AND
CHIEF OF THE INTELLIGENCE DEPARTMENT

LT. GEN. ZIKULOV

No 0483/1.3.1974
Printed in 1 copy.
Copied in 24 copies.

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