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Digital Archive International History Declassified

June 11, 1957

JOURNAL OF SOVIET AMBASSADOR TO THE DPRK A.M. PUZANOV FOR 11 JUNE 1957

This document was made possible with support from the ROK Ministry of Unification, Leon Levy Foundation

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    Nam Il invites the Ambassadors of the USSR, China, Czechoslovakia, and Poland to seek consensus on holding an unofficial conference that clarifies positions against potential US efforts to change Article 13 of the Armistice agreement.
    "Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 11 June 1957," June 11, 1957, History and Public Policy Program Digital Archive, AVPRF F. 0102, Op. 13, P. 72, Delo 5, Listy 114-130. Translated for NKIDP by Gary Goldberg. https://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/document/115625
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    https://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/document/115625

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SOVIET EMBASSY IN THE DPRK TOP SECRET

Nº 144 Copy Nº 2

19 June 1957

[partial image of a stamp:

[[TOP]] SECRET

Incoming Nº 07129-gs;

date unreadable]

[USSR MFA Stamp:

Far East Department

Secret

Incoming Nº 01663s

30 July 1957]

The Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A. M. PUZANOV

for the period 3 through 18 June 1957

Pyongyang

[…]

11 June 1957

Nam Il invited me and also the ambassadors of China, Czechoslovakia, and Poland to the MFA, and said the following:

It is known that last year the Americans unilaterally halted the operation of the Neutral Armistice Commission by expelling the North Korean representatives from it. At the present time, shielding themselves with provocative fabrications that North Korea is allegedly violating the Armistice Agreement, the Americans are delivering weapons to South Korea.

There is speculation that on 1 July the Americans will raise the issue of changing Article 13 of the Armistice Agreement in the Military or Neutral Commissions in order to "legalize" the importation of new weapons into South Korea, and possibly announce this unilaterally. They are pressuring representatives of Sweden and Switzerland in the Neutral Commission to this end.

Accordingly, there is a proposal to unofficially hold a conference of the representatives of Poland and Czechoslovakia in the Neutral Armistice Commission and representatives of China and the DPRK in the Military Armistice Commission in the DPRK MFA on 17 June with the participation of the ambassadors of the PRC, USSR, PNR, and CSR.

The goal of the conference is to come to a common consensus point of view.

The Ambassadors of the PRC, Qiao Xiaoguang; the CSR, Surin Mikulas; and the PNR, Siedlecki, completely support Nam Il's proposal to hold this conference.

In return, I said that the real goal of the provocative campaign which the Americans are fomenting is to conceal the illegal importation of new weapons into South Korea in every way, to pursue matters not toward a lasting peace, but toward undermining the armistice in Korea, and everything is being done to continue an actual occupation of South Korea by the Americans. Such fabrications of American propaganda need to be vigorously exposed, the real goals and practical activities of the Americans [need] to be shown, and not let Article 13 of the Agreement be reconsidered. I spoke in favor of the advisability of convening a conference at the MFA on 17 June. I said that I would report more about the participation of the ambassador of the USSR…

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