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Digital Archive International History Declassified

September 30, 1986

ORDER OF THE COMMITTEE OF STATE SECURITY [KGB] OF THE USSR

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    These documents contain information regarding acceptable levels of radiation on individuals, in foods, as well as on roads, clothing, and equipment.
    "Order of the Committee of State Security [KGB] of the USSR," September 30, 1986, History and Public Policy Program Digital Archive, HDA SBU, f. 9, spr. 73. Originally published by the Center for Research into the Liberation Movement (TsDVR) together with the Ivan Franko National University of Lviv at http://avr.org.ua/index.php/viewDoc/24455/. https://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/document/134310
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[Handwritten in Ukrainian: “Not secret 24/2-4691 29.11.13]

For service use

Copy No. [obscured by stamp reading in Ukrainian “DECLASSIFIED 24 03 2010”]

COMMITTEE OF STATE SECURITY [KGB] OF THE USSR

ORDER

September 30, 1986

No. 76 / FSU [“For Service Use”—here and throughout]

Moscow

On the permissible levels of radioactive substance content, radioactive contamination, doses of radiation, and organization of dispensary observation by individuals exposed to active radiation as a result of the accident at the Chernobyl atomic energy station

Declaring the following affirmations by the Main State Medical Officers of the USSR for the Leadership:

-The temporary permissible levels of radioactive substance content in food products, drinking water, medical herbs (total beta-activity) from  May 30th 1986 No. 129-252/FSU;

-The temporary permissible levels of radioactive contamination of soil, roadways, and external and interior surfaces of buildings after the decontamination work of June 2 1986 No. 129-253/FSU;

-The temporary permissible levels of radioactive contamination of leather outerwear, undergarments, clothing, shoes, means of transport, and personal protection mechanisms and equipment (in rads per hour) for the period of time during efforts to eliminate the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl atomic energy station from June 2, 1986 No. 129-254/FSU,

[The previous two points have been crossed out. There appears to be a missing page here.]

“1. In relation to KGB workers participating in the elimination of the consequences of the accident at the Chernobyl atomic energy station, to be directed by Radiation Safety Standard No. 141 as confirmed by the USSR Ministry of Health on June 7, 1976 and USSR KGB Order No. 142/FSU from December 6, 1984. To establish temporary differentiated standard permissible doses of internal radiation:

- For personnel working in places with a radiation level of 5 microroentgens per hour and more, as well as for personnel from the Task Force 5 microroentgens per hour, - 5 bars;

- For personnel working in places with a radiation level of 5 microroentgens per hour and higher, as well as for personnel from the Task Force – 10 bars.

In exceptional cases in the planning of particularly important work and in cases where there are no medical counter-indications, for a limited number of workers involved in this work, an external radiation limit of up to 25 bars is permitted; to allow personnel to do this work only with the permission of a manager from the Military Medical Administration of the USSR KGB.

Exposure of personnel to radiation doses of 10 and 25 bars is only permitted for individuals who have never before been exposed or who have sustained a dose of no more than 5 bars in the past year.

      

Not to subject workers in the category of personnel who have not sustained the maximum allowable dose of 25 bars to the planned increased radiation, and to establish a maximum possible yearly dose of no more than 5 bars, to permit them to work with the original ionizing radiation sources only by the agreement of the Medical Commission in consideration of the required point “a” in Article [obscured] of Resolution No. 1 of Order No. 285 of the USSR Ministry of Defense from December 8, [obscured], and declared by order No. 142/FSU of the USSR KGB from December 6, 19[obscured].

[the page jumps here and a line of text is partially cut]

To remove individuals who sustained radiation doses exceeding 25 bars from work with the original ionizing radiation and send for medical examination.

To organize oversight of external radiation of personnel working in localities with levels of radiation higher than 1 microroentgen per hour with the use of individual dosimeters. When work is conducted or personnel are allocated to districts with radiation levels of up to 1 microroentgen per hour, to also use a calculation method to determine the dosages of external irradiation.

2. To permit the consumption by personnel of water and food products with levels of radioactive substances differing from the declared Temporary Permissible Levels of Radioactive Substance Content in Food products, drinking water, and medical herbs (total beta-activity) under the condition that the total exposure to radioactive substances from water and food does not exceed 3.0 10-7 Ci Per day, or 1.1 10-5 Ci per year.”

[obscured, pages missing?] to radiation as a result of the accident at the atomic energy station [obscured] Attachment No. 2).

5. To fulfill the KGB Instructions for dispensary military personnel and members of their families, those working and serving in the KGB, KGB retirees and members of their families, as affirmed by Order No. 155 of the USSR KGB from December 5, 1983 in accordance with Attachment No. 3.

Deputy Committee Chair

Lieutenant General

G. Ageev

Topic indices: 5-1-00, 5-11-1, 20-9, 27-5

For Service Use [crossed out and “Not secret 24/2 – 4691 29.11.13” handwritten in Ukrainian]

I AFFIRM

Main State Medical Officer of the USSR

P.N. Burgasov

May 30, 1986

No. 129 – 252/FSU

Temporary permissible levels of radioactive substance content in food products, drinking water, and medical herbs (total beta-activity)

Introduced to replace No. 4104-86 and 4105-86

Name

Permissible content (Ci/l, Ci/kg)

Drinking water

1 ∙ 10-8

Milk

1 ∙ 10-8

Condensed milk

5 ∙ 10-7                       

Powdered Milk

1 ∙ 10-7

Cottage cheese

1 ∙ 10-7

Cheese

2 ∙ 10-7

Butter

2 ∙ 10-7

Sour cream

1 ∙ 10-7

Vegetable oil

2 ∙ 10-7

Margarine

2 ∙ 10-7

Meat and meat products

1 ∙ 10-7

Poultry

1 ∙ 10-7

Eggs

5 ∙ 10-8 (Ci each)

Fish

1 ∙ 10-7

Vegetables

1 ∙ 10-7

Herbs

1 ∙ 10-7

Potatoes

1 ∙ 10-7

Fruits, berries (fresh)

1 ∙ 10-7

Fruits, berries (dried)

1 ∙ 10-7 dryweight

Juices

1 ∙ 10-7

Grains, grain products, cereals

1 ∙ 10-8

Bread and baked goods

1 ∙ 10-8

Sugar

5 ∙ 10-8

Mushrooms

5 ∙ 10-7

Medical plants

5 ∙ 10-7

Deputy Main State Medical Officer of the USSR

A.I. Zaichenko

For Service Use [Crossed out and “Not secret 24/2-4691 29.11.13” handwritten in Ukrainian]

I AFFIRM

Main State Medical Officer of the USSR

P.N. Burgasov

June 2nd, 1986

No. 129-253/FSU

Temporary Permissible Levels of Radioactive Contamination of Soil, Roads, and Exterior and Interior Building Surfaces After Decontamination Work

Item

Permissible Dosage Strength in rads per hour

Road Surfaces

Outside populated areas

1.5

Inside populated areas

0.7

Open surfaces inside the territory of populated areas, parks, sidewalks, squares, outdoor recreation areas, playgrounds, fields, etc.

0.7

Outdoor surfaces of houses and other buildings

0.7

Interior surfaces of houses and places of work

0.3

Note: The calculations above are based on the assumption that the coefficient of contamination of apartment houses and other buildings is equal to 2 (for wooden houses).

Deputy Main State Medical Officer of the USSR

A.I. Zaichenko

For Service Use [Crossed out and “Not secret 24/2-4691 29.11.13” handwritten in Ukrainian]

I AFFIRM

Main State Medical Officer of the USSR

P.N. Burgasov

June 2, 1986

No. 129-254/FSU

Temporary Levels of Permissible Radioactive Contamination of Leather Coverings, Undergarments, Clothing, Shoes, Means of Transport, Personal Protection Mechanisms and Equipment (in rads per hour) During the Period of the Elimination of the Consequences of the Accident at the Chernobyl Atomic Energy Station

Contaminated Item

Zones

III

II

I

Outside the Zone Borders

Leather coverings and undergarments

2.0

1.0

0.5

0.1

Bedding and personal clothing

-

1.0

0.5

0.1

Personal footwear

-

-

1.0

0.1

Winter outerwear, personal protection equipment

5.0

3.0

-

-

Interior surfaces of means of transport

5.0

3.0

1.0

0.2

Exterior surfaces of means of transport and road surfaces

20

5.0

1.5

0.3

The strength of radiation dosages for zones III, II, and I will be communicated according to established protocol.

Deputy Main State Medical Officer of the USSR

A.I. Zaichenko

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