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Digital Archive International History Declassified

1990

REPORT ON THE WITHDRAWAL OF SOVIET TROOPS FROM EASTERN EUROPE

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    This report lists the quantities of troops and pieces of military equipment that were being withdrawn from Czechoslovakia, Hungary, the GDR, and Poland. It also details alternate timelines for withdrawal proposed by leadership in Central and Eastern Europe.
    "Report on the Withdrawal of Soviet Troops from Eastern Europe," 1990, History and Public Policy Program Digital Archive, Vitalii Leonidovich Kataev Papers, Box 15, Hoover Institution Archives. Translated by Gary Goldberg. https://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/document/208996
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THE WITHDRAWAL OF SOVIET TROOPS

HUNGARY

In 1990 one aviation regiment, one motorized rifle regiment, and two independent tank battalions returned to the Soviet Union.

A total of 6,000 servicemen, more than 40 aircraft, 120 tanks, about 180 armored vehicles, and more than 400 vehicles will be withdrawn from Hungary.

The Soviet side: requires 18 months from the start of the withdrawal. The Hungarian side: withdraw in the shortest possible time, by the end of 1990, to take only one or two months in 1991.

CZECHOSLOVAKIA

A 20 February 1990 note [from] Sh[evardnadze] to MS [Gorbachev]. The text of the agreement has been worked out. The deadline has not been agreed. The Czechoslovaks are proposing a withdrawal in 1990, and we are proposing [the withdrawal] in 1991.

We're unofficially naming 31 March. The impression is being formed that [we] can agree to a withdrawal of combat [forces] by 31 March, and the withdrawal of reserves by 1 July 1991.

the GDR

There are:

Five combined-arms armies, one air army, 363,600 servicemen, 225,200 family members, including 99,300 children.

tanks

- 5,568

THE TOTAL AMOUNT: 1,660,000 tons

BMP [Infantry combat vehicles], BTR [Armored personnel carriers]

- 8,742

(more than 400,000 RR cars will be required,

including 8-10,000 passenger cars, and 127,500

containers for personnel property)

aircraft

- 632

artillery systems

- 6,406

SAM systems

- 1,763

Along with these [the following] are subject to dismantling and withdrawal:

fixed control points

- 12

communications facilities

- 632

airfields

- 31

hospitals

- 40

dining halls

- 1,350

POLAND

servicemen

- 54,000

family members

- 23,200

including children

- 10,000

45,000 RR cars

combat equipment

- 10,500

supplies

- 200,000 tons

More than 70,000 families from Poland and the GDR do not have apartments on Soviet territory.