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Digital Archive International History Declassified

June, 1958

OPERATIONS CONDUCTED SINCE THE 1ST OF JANUARY 1956

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    List of 47 paramilitary actions conducted or planned by the French Service Action between January 1956 and Summer 1958.
    "Operations Conducted Since the 1st of January 1956," June, 1958, History and Public Policy Program Digital Archive, Archives of the Secretary General of African and Malagasy Affairs and of the Community (AG/5(F)/318) (Fonds Foccart) https://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/document/240232
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Operations conducted since the 1st of January 1956 [1]

Target

Location

Date

Means

Outcome

Result (see key)

Trigger explosions during visit from Mr. DUBOIS at Gal VALINO

Tetouan

Jan. 56

Placement explosives

Three explosions

R 1

Target an important rebel chief

Algeria

March 56

Booby-trapped radio set

Destruction of Ben Moulaid Mostaffa

R 1

BEN BELLA

Cairo

Jul. 56

Attack with a suppressed firearm in the street

Operation cancelled at the last moment by governmental order

A 1

Arms dealer boat

Trieste

August 56

Underwater charge placed by a frogman. Insertion from land

Objective not encountered

A 3

Arms dealer boat

Tanger

August 56

Underwater charge placed by a frogman. Insertion from boat

The boat was identified by the traffickers on its way out, mission cancelled

A 2

FLN training camp

Libya

August 56

Transport of a commando by submarine

Operation cancelled at the last moment by governmental order

A 1

Radio LE CAIRE

Cairo

August 56

Placement of an explosive by an operator

Operation cancelled by governmental order

A 1

Radio DAMAS

Damas

Sep. 56

ʺ

ʺ

A 1

Attack the premises of Otto SCHLUTTER

Hamburg

Sep. 56

ʺ

The premises are significantly damaged. Schlutter is harmed, one of his friends is killed.

R 1

KAMAL

Madrid

Nov. 56

Attack the objective with a suppressed firearm in his hotel room

The target had left the hotel for an unknown destination

A 3

Target

Location

Date

Means

Outcome

Result

Arms dealer boat

Trieste

Dec. 56

Underwater charge set up by a frogman. Insertion from land

No objective encountered

A 3

NASSER

Port Said

Dec. 56

Remotely controlled explosion at the arrival of the objective

Operation cancelled by superior order

A 1

F.L.N. vehicles

Tunis

Feb. 57

Placement of an explosive on the vehicle

The operator is arrested by the police

A 2

Egyptian oil tanker

Istanbul

Feb. 57

Charge placed by a  frogman

Objective has left despite operators placing explosive within 24h of receiving intelligence

A 3

F.L.N. premises

Tunis

March 57

Placement of a timed explosive charge

One of the operators was arrested and interrogated at length by the police, but having maintained his foreign cover, was released

E

F.L.N. premises

Tunis

March 57

ʺ

Premise is destroyed – 3 FLN killed

R 1

Ahmed KAMAL

Madrid

March 57

Attacking the objective in his villa (suppressed firearm)

Presence of 3 persons close to the objective at the time of the attack prevented the operator from shooting

A 2

Danish cargo

Tunis

March 57

Underwater charge placed by a frogman.

The objective has not [moored] for a night in Tunis

A 3

ALLAL EL FASSI

Tanger

April 57

Triggering remotely controlled charge at the moment the objective is passing

Operation cancelled by superior order

A 1

Rahal Saad

Meknes

April 57

Sending a parcel bomb

Destruction of the objective and his family

R 1

Target

Location

Date

Means

Outcome

Result

Destruction of Tunisian barracks when they will be occupied by FLN

Tunisia

April 57

Preparing barracks occupied by French troops for remote destruction months later at a large distance

Operation cancelled by superior order

A 1

Arms sale to FLN to arrest buyers

Lyon

April 57

Establishing contact with intermediaries and delivering weapons

Arrest of interested party. Recovery of the arms and money resulting from sale

R 1

Arms dealers boat

Tanger

May 57

Placement of an underwater charge by frogmen transported by boat

Destruction of Barra and Bruja Roja

R 1

Otto SCHLUTER

Hamburg

June 57

Placement of a charge under his car

The mother of the objective is killed

R 2

TONNELOT

Oujda

June 57

Placement of a charge on the terrace of the objective

His family is hit

R 2

LEOPOLD

Geneva

August 57

Attacking the objective in the staircase of his apartment block

Weapon fails to fire at time of use

E

Attack all vehicles heading for Tunisia

Lybia

August 57

bling parachuting of a team preparing approach lights. Landing of a plane bringing a commando with autochthons – Take off after mission

Complete success on the technical plan but no vehicle encountered on the road

R 2

BOU ZIDIA

Rabat

August 57

Attack in the street at night, suppressed firearm

Objective severely injured

R 2

Arms dealers boat

Tripoli

Sept. 57

Placement of an underwater charge by frogmen transported by boat

Vittoria S. sunk in Sfax by the charge placed in Tripoli

R 1

LEOPOLD

Geneva

Sept. 57

Attack of the objective in the staircase of his apartment block

Objective killed

R.1

OUAMRANE

Tunis

Sept. 57

Attack using a remotely controlled charge

The operators are killed by a premature detonation of the charge [manuscript note]

E

Finnish cargo

Atlantic

Oct. 57

Placement of a charge by frogman

Objective sank in high seas

R 1

Target

Location

Date

Means

Outcome

Result

FLN explosives depot

Nador

Dec. 57

Placement of a timed device by a commando transported by a fishing vessel

Objective entirely destroyed

R 1

Yugoslav cargo

Morocco

Dec. 57

Placement of a charge by frogman

Operation cancelled by superior order

A 1

Yugoslav cargo

Morocco

Jan. 58

Placement of a charge by frogman

Cargo inspected by French Navy

A 3

German cargo

Algeria

Jan. 58

Placement in the hold of an incendiary to create a minor incident that can serve as a warning

Incident signalled to the Llyod

R 1

FLN training camp

Oriental Morocco

Feb. 58

Low-altitude bombing by night by an unidentifiable plane, even by French military authorities

Objective partially hit

R 2

Egyptian cargo

Antwerp

March 58

Placement of a charge by frogman

Placement is successful but the explosion did not take place because of an unknown cause, charge probably lost following a storm

E

Destruction of a print shop serving the FLN

Fedala

In preparation

Waiting for the order to execute

P

Burning down a garage used by the FLN

Fez

In preparation

Waiting for the order to execute

P

Destruction of a FLN grenade factory

Nador

In preparation

Waiting for the order to execute

P

Destruction of a FLN radio training centre

Nador

In preparation

Waiting for the order to execute

P

JAZOULI Abdel Kafi

Meknes

In preparation

Waiting for the order to execute

P

ORMA OULD BABANA

Rabat

In preparation

Waiting for the order to execute

P

Target

Location

Date

Means

Outcome

Result

RUHLMAN

HAMBURG

In preparation

Waiting for the order to execute

P

DRISS BEN SAID

Rabat

In preparation

Waiting for the order to execute

P

Arms dealers boat

Mediterranean

In preparation

Waiting for the order to execute

P

SUMMARY of the MISSIONS

30 operations attempted:

  • 17 cancelled
  • 8 by superior order
  • 3 following security concern
  • 6 by absence of the objective
  •  17 accomplished
  • 12 complete success
  • 5 partial success
  •  4 failures
  • 3 following technical incident
  • 1 by arrest of the operator, but no proof was left of the origin of the action

9 operations in preparation

KEY

R 1 = Complete success

R 2 = Partial success

A 1 = Cancelled by superior order

A 2 = Cancelled following security concern

A 3 = Cancelled due to absence of the objective

E    = Failure

P    = In preparation

[1] Translation by the author (the translation follows a literal approach, using the same spelling, wording and grammar than in the original document whenever possible).

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