Skip to content

November 1, 1967

Brief Personal History and Character of Chiang Ching-kuo

This document was made possible with support from Chun & Jane Chiu Family Foundation


Brief Personal History and Character of Chiang Ching-kuo (蔣経国)

November 1, 1967

China Division

1.Brief personal history

- 1910 (March 18, 1910 in the China Year Book, 1909 in Biography of Chiang Kai-shek): born in Fenghua County, Zhejiang Province, the son of Chiang Kai-shek and his first wife, Mao Fu-mei (another wife was Chen Chieh-ju);

- 1925: Study in Russia; studied military science at Sun Yat-sen University and Moscow State University;

- 1937: returned to China along with his Russian wife Faina and eldest son Chiang Hsiao-wen;

- 1940-45: administration and inspection specialist in southern Jiangxi Province;

- 1945-47: member of the Foreign Affairs Commission for the Northeast in Manchuria;

- 1948: conducted purge of business circles as economic control officer in the Shanghai District, recognized for his ability;

- 1949-50: director of Taiwan Provincial Headquarters of the Nationalist Party of China;

- 1952: member of the Central Committee of the Nationalist Party of China;

- 1954: deputy secretary-general of the Supreme National Defense Council;

- 1958: member, Government Affairs Committee of the Executive Yuan;

- 1960: General Second Class of the Army;

- 1962: member, Central Standing Committee of the Nationalist Party of China;

- 1963: member of the Government Affairs Committee of the Executive Yuan;

- 1964: Vice Minister of National Defense;

- 1965: Minister of National Defense to present.


2. Character

(1) He is 57 years old this year, an energetic man who, while small in stature, gives the impression that his entire body is a mass of energy. He is generally recognized as a capable politician. He has placed devoted subordinates at various key points in the Nationalist Party of China, the military and special service organizations, the China Youth Anti-Communist National Salvation Corps, and elsewhere. He has recently been extending his influence in the executive branch of government and in business circles. Moreover, worthy of note is his making these past few years earnest efforts in maneuvers involving the people of Taiwan Province (Taiwanese).

In addition, with such political skill and his father Chiang Kai-shek’s influence, he is seen as advancing from his present position as National Defense Minister to President of the Executive Yuan (Premier) and President, leading the National Government in the next generation.

His character is to do things thoroughly. In 1948, at the time of the National Government’s currency reform, he is famous for leading a group of armed youths and showing his ability at exposing black market trading. He is said to give the impression of being by nature nervous and difficult to approach. On the other hand, he does not come across as a bureaucrat, casually joining together with soldiers, camping with university students in their summer training, and such.

Recently, he has become more affable. It seems that he is working to create the image of a “beloved Chiang Ching-kuo.”

(2) He has a particular background. He went to study in the Soviet Union at the age of 16. Other than Marxism-Leninism, he also studied military strategy and tactics. He joined the Soviet military and received special training. It is said that he returned to China, disillusioned by Stalin’s bloody purges in the 1930s and the reality of Soviet communism. It seems, however, that he felt no particular attachment to US-style liberalism. There is even suspicion in some circles that he may be anti-American. After the war, however, in the tendency of the times, he began gradually to display a pro-US attitude. He has visited the United States three times since 1963. In the United States as well, he has come to be regarded as likely to lead the National Government in the next generation.

(3) His family consists of his wife Faina, whom he married in the Soviet Union (her Chinese name is Chiang Fang-liang), and four children. There are three sons and one daughter. The daughter, Amy, having married the son of former National Defense Minister Yu Ta-wei, became Mrs. Y.H. Yu and is residing in the United States. His oldest son, Hsiao-wen (Allen), studied at the University of California, Berkeley, after graduating from the Republic of China Military Academy. He now works at Taiwan Electric Power Company.

His second son, Hsiao-chang, attended Mills College in California. [TN: Hsiao-chang was the name of daughter Amy, who attended Mills College. The second son’s name was Hsiao-wu]. His third son, Hsiao-yi, is now training at the Military Academy in Fengshan. [TN: The third son’s name was Hsiao-yung.] Furthermore, it is said that Chiang Ching-kuo has been a Christian since becoming a believer in 1943, when his father encouraged him to do so.

A brief chronology and biography of Chiang Ching-kuo, prepared by the Japanese Foreign Ministry ahead of a visit by Chiang to Japan in late 1967.

Related Documents

October 18, 1967

Cable No. 643, Ambassador Shimazu (Taipei) to the Foreign Minister, 'Visit of Defense Minister Chiang Ching-kuo'

The Japanese Ambassador in Taipei reports on meetings between Diet Member Tamaki Kazuo and Lee Huan and another between an embassy staffer and Wei Ching-meng  (James Wei) about an impending visit to Japan by Chiang Ching-kuo.

November 17, 1967

Cable No. 699, Ambassador Shimazu (Taipei) to the Foreign Minister, 'Diet Member Tamaki’s Visit to Taiwan'

The Japanese Embassy in Taipei reports on meetings held by Diet Member Tamaki concerning a visit to Japan by Chiang Ching-kuo.

November 21, 1967

Cable No. 705, Ambassador Shimazu (Taipei) to the Foreign Minister, 'Visit of Chiang Ching-kuo to Japan'

The Japanese Ambassador in Taipei warns that Chiang Ching-kuo's upcoming visit to Japan could trigger a "serious incident" with China if the visit is not well thought out in advance.

December 19, 1967

Minister of National Defense Chiang’s Visit to Japan

The Japanese Foreign Ministry summarizes Chiang Ching-kuo's recent visit to Japan: who Chiang met with and what he discussed during his meetings; where Chiang travelled and his activities; and the responses, both domestic and foreign, to Chiang's visit.

November 1967

Statement of Nakajima Kenzo, Chairman of the Board, Opposing the Visit of Prime Minister Sato to the United States and Protesting the Coming to Japan of Chiang Ching-kuo

Nakajima Kenzo, a leading figure in the Japan China Cultural Exchange Association, denounces the impending visit of Chiang Ching-kuo to Japan.

November 6, 1967

Petition on Opposition to the Coming to Japan of Taiwan’s National Defense Minister Chiang

Kawase Ikkan insists that the Japanese Government must cancel the upcoming visit by Chiang Ching-kuo for the sake of the country's relations with Mainland China.

November 18, 1967

Asian Affairs Bureau [Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan], 'The Chinese Communist Problem'

Ahead of a visit by Chiang Ching-kuo to Japan, the Japanese Foreign Ministry reviews the political situation on Mainland China.

November 24, 1967

Economic Cooperation Division [Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan], 'Main Points of Meeting Between Prime Minister Sato and National Defense Minister Chiang Ching-kuo'

The Japanese Foreign Ministry provides an update on the state of Japan-Taiwan economic ties ahead of Chiang Ching-kuo's visit to Japan.

Document Information


Diplomatic Archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan, File A’0392 (Microfilm). Contributed by Robert Hoppens and translated by Stephen Mercado.


The History and Public Policy Program welcomes reuse of Digital Archive materials for research and educational purposes. Some documents may be subject to copyright, which is retained by the rights holders in accordance with US and international copyright laws. When possible, rights holders have been contacted for permission to reproduce their materials.

To enquire about this document's rights status or request permission for commercial use, please contact the History and Public Policy Program at [email protected].

Original Uploaded Date



Record ID



Chun & Jane Chiu Family Foundation