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March 24, 1989

Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and Karoly Grosz, General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers Party, March 23-24, 1989

This document was made possible with support from Leon Levy Foundation

These conversations reveal Gorbachev’s contradictions, as the Soviet leader proclaims again that the Brezhnev doctrine is dead and military interventions should be "precluded in the future, yet at the same time, tries to set "boundaries" for the changes in Eastern Europe as "the safekeeping of socialism and assurance of stability."

Document Information


MOL M-KS-288-11/4458 o.e. Document obtained by Magdolna Baráth. Translated by Csaba Farkas. Published in "Political Transition in Hungary, 1989-1990; International Conference, June 12, 1999," Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest; A Compendium of Declassified Documents and Chronology of Events. Also published in National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 22.


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Memorandum of Conversation


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Original Classification

Top Secret


Leon Levy Foundation