Skip to content

October 29, 1950

Letter from Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong and Liu Shaoqi

This document was made possible with support from Leon Levy Foundation

Chairman [Mao Zedong] and Vice-Chairman Liu [Shaoqi]:


1. Today, [I] talked with Comrade [M.V.] Zakharov, etc. He told me that the Soviet side has agreed to dispatch Soviet pilots to fly jet planes to Andong [Dandong] to take charge of air defense.  And [they] can go several li beyond the Chinese border, but must learn several watchwords in Chinese for liaison. Therefore, [they] can move from Shenyang to Andong around the 10thof next month.


2. This evening, see off the persons in charge of the air division that used to be in Shanghai and give them the Chairman’s certificate of merit.  According to him, there is no problem to move Jet [Fighter] Aviation Group One (10 people) from Shanghai.  An agreement has been reached with Zakharov that only ten people will be taken from Shanghai to examine the air defenses at Andong.  This is ten people fewer than originally planned.



Zhou Enlai

Night of October 29 [1950]


Zhou Enlai informs Mao Zedong and Liu Shaoqi on agreements made with the Soviet side regarding pilots and air defenses at Andong.


Document Information


Zhonggong zhongyang wenxian yanjiushi (CPC Central Historical Documents Research Office) and Zhongyang dang'anguan (Central Archives), eds., Jianguo yilai Zhou Enlai wengao (Zhou Enlai’s Manuscripts since the Founding of the PRC), vol. 3 (Beijing: Zhongyang wenxian chubanshe, 2008), 427. Translated by Jingxia Yang and Douglas Stiffler.


The History and Public Policy Program welcomes reuse of Digital Archive materials for research and educational purposes. Some documents may be subject to copyright, which is retained by the rights holders in accordance with US and international copyright laws. When possible, rights holders have been contacted for permission to reproduce their materials.

To enquire about this document's rights status or request permission for commercial use, please contact the History and Public Policy Program at [email protected].

Original Uploaded Date





Record ID



Leon Levy Foundation