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The Popular Front for the Liberation of the Gulf

This document was made possible with support from Youmna and Tony Asseily


The Popular Front for the Liberation of the Arabian Gulf


It is a leftist, revolutionary, and chaos-favouring organisation with tight links to Arab Communist Parties. Its main headquarters are in Aden and maintains overt and covert official branches and centres; the official overt ones are in Cairo, Damascus, Sudan, and the covert ones are in Baghdad and within a number of fedayeen organisations.


It is an offshoot of the Arab Nationalist Movement that developed until it gained its own independent status. In Dhofar and Oman, they were replaced by a new organisation under the name of 'Hizb al-'Amal al-'Arabi al-Thawri' which, in its capacity as member of the Arabian Gulf Liberation Front, is waging a military and political battle. The latter groups 13 organisations and has close ties with the Iranian Communist Party Organisation, better known in the Gulf as Todah.


This Front sends some of its members for military training in Syria, Jordan, and in a number of refugee camps, under the cover of the Popular Front and the Popular Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine.


The Lebanese Communist Party is well aware that Iranian communists in the Arabian Gulf play an important role and that most Government secrets are leaked to the communists by employees of Iranian origin who have Gulf citizenships. The Gulf region was, and has become a refuge for all the Iranian communists who have fled their country.

Short document describing the Popular Front for the Liberation of the Arabian Gulf


Document Information


Emir Farid Chehab Collection, GB165-0384, Box 10, File 24D/10, Middle East Centre Archive, St Antony’s College, Oxford.


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Youmna and Tony Asseily