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November 16, 1920

Telegram, Stalin to LENIN and the TsEKA [Central Committee]

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MOSCOW, only to LENIN and the TsEKA [Central Committee]


Vladikavkaz, 16 November


Matters in Persia: First, it is finally clear that Kuchuk-Khan, being with us, was at the same time in correspondence with the Shah’s government; however, he thought that we had already become aware of his relations with the Shah’s government, fled into the forest, and there [Ehsanullah], an honest person deserving of trust, is occupying Kuchuk-Khan’s place in Rasht; in the event of the conclusion of peace with the Shah’s government [Ehsanullah] requests that amnesty be pronounced to the Persians fighting in our ranks, but [that] he himself be given an opportunity to leave for Russia (he has a secondary education and speaks French). Kuchuk-Khan’s delegates in Moscow ought to be shown the door as suspicious people. Second, the composition of the Iranian Communist Party CC had to be revamped; the old Persian revolutionary Zeydar-Khan and the Persian Baku workers have been brought in instead of Sultan-Zade and some other members. A directive has been issued to shift the center of work to Tabriz, as the most revolutionary province. Third, only a bourgeois revolution, relying on the middle classes with the slogan “Kick the English out of Persia” is possible in Persia,, forming a single republican Persian state now broken into independent khanates with numerous customs cordons [kordony], the convening of the Majlis (the founding place) with general and equal suffrage, the formation of a national army (where sovietists [SIC] should be approved first of all), and an improvement of the peasants’ situation at the expense of the khans. Appropriate instructions have been given to the Iranian Communists. Nº 176/s.



16 November 17-5




[the handwritten original follows, followed by “[rst]. 208 16 November 17-5 [illegible word/name]” with a telegram tape glued below: “The military [voyen - SIC] received your note. Politk Perepepilisina???? [SIC]”

I. V. Stalin discusses Kuchuk Khan's past correspondence with the Shah of Iran, his replacement in the Gilan province by Communist leader Ehsanullah, and the limited possibilities for revolution in Iran.


Document Information


RGASPI, f. 558, op. 11, d. 317, ll. 0001-0003. Translated by Gary Goldberg.


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