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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • May 15, 1981

    Notes on Meeting between South African Minister of Foreign Affairs R. F. Botha and US President Reagan

    South African Minister of Foreign Affairs "Pik" Botha and President Reagan meet in Washington, DC. South African Ambassador Sole, the note taker, interprets Reagan's friendly opening comments as "the inference clearly being that he had no illusions about democratic rule in Africa." They discuss the situation in Namibia and Angola, and their shared opposition to Soviet and communist influence in the region. Botha also asks Reagan to help South Africa's souring relations with France regarding nuclear cooperation. Botha states that "South Africa was not preparing or intending to explode a nuclear device, but[...] could not afford publicly to surrender this option."

  • June 11, 1981

    Letter from US President Reagan to South African Prime Minister P.W. Botha

    Reagan writes to South African Prime Minister R. F. "Pik" Botha regarding his meetings with the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Information, Pieter W. Botha (no relation). Reagan expresses hope that relations between the two countries will be more cooperative in the future, and states that although the Nambia issue has complicated that relationship, it "can also be an opportunity to help stem the growth of Soviet influence in the region."

  • November 26, 1982

    Secretary of State George Schultz to President Reagan, 'How Do We Make Use of the Zia Visit to Protect Our Strategic Interests in the Face of Pakistan’s Nuclear Weapons Activities'

    Secretary of State George Shultz’s letter to President Reagan covering the history of US responses to Pakistan’s nuclear program and future courses of action by the United States. While each option will rescind United States’ aid money, the Secretary details three different ways to go about it, with varying political implications for each.

  • March 01, 1984

    Telegram by the Ambassador to the United States Petrignani to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Prospects of resuming the FNI negotiations'

    Ambassador Petrignani reports his conversation with Vice Secretary of State Burt following Kissinger's interview in Time where he talks about NATO's crisis and need for burden sharing reform. Burt distances the current administration from Kissinger's views, stating instead that euro-american relations are "in good health", and there is no need for drastic measures.

  • September 06, 1985

    Letter from US President Reagan to South African President P.W. Botha

    Letter from Ronald Reagan to South African State President P. W. Botha, urging Botha to take action to bring peace to South Africa, so that the United States may more effectively assist South Africa in the region. Asserts that talks about race and leadership in South Africa need to be conducted with figures currently imprisoned. Reagan writes that he will veto most of the legislation currently moving through Congress.

  • November 19, 1985

    Memorandum of Conversation, 'Reagan-Gorbachev Meetings in Geneva'

    Department of State summary of Gorbachev and Reagan's discussions.

  • May 26, 1986

    Letter from President Reagan to Prime Minister Bettino Craxi

    Unofficial translation of correspondence between PM Craxi and President Reagan regarding strategic arms limitations and deterrence. Reagan outlines the planned US measures given lack of effort and willingness by the USSR to arrive to a binding agreement.

  • May 28, 1986

    Memorandum by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Reagan's letter to the Prime Minister about issues related to SALT II (dated 26th May 1986)'

    Analysis by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding Reagan's (May 26, 1986) letter to PM Craxi. It discusses intended American responses to Soviet violation of SALT II treaty, and calls for consultations with NATO member states.

  • June 12, 1987

    Speech by President Ronald Reagan at the Brandenburg Gate, West Berlin, 'Remarks on East-West Relations'

    Ronald Reagan's famous speech in which he advises Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev to "tear down this wall!"

  • December 09, 1987

    Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan on Afghanistan (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev and Reagan discuss the withdrawal of Soviet troops in Afghanistan.

  • December 10, 1987

    Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan on Afghanistan (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev and Reagan discuss the withdrawal of Soviet troops in Afghanistan. Gorbachev asks that on the day they begin the withdrawal the United States also cease supporting the opposition forces.

  • December 17, 1987

    Letter, President Reagan to Speaker of the House, Enclosing Presidential Determination

    Reagan informed Congress that he had “concluded that Pakistan does not possess a nuclear explosive device.”

  • January 05, 1988

    Presidential Determination No. 88-5 of January 15, 1988

    Recognizing the facts brought out by the Pervez conviction, in January 1988 the Reagan White House invoked and then waived the Solarz amendment.

  • January 05, 1988

    White House Statement on Continuation of Military Aid to Pakistan

    Recognizing the facts brought out by the Pervez conviction, in January 1988 the Reagan White House invoked and then waived the Solarz amendment.

  • May 29, 1988

    Memorandum of Conversation, the President's First One-on-One Meeting with General Secretary Gorbachev

    Reagan and Gorbachev's first conversation during Reagan's 1988 visit to Moscow.

  • July 28, 1988

    Note from the President of International Olympic Committee to US Senator Ted Stevens on the joint statement by Reagan and Gorbachev on the safety of the 1988 Seoul Olympics

    Letter from the President of the IOC, Juan Antonio Samaranch, to U.S. Senator Ted Stevens acknowledging receipt of Senator Stevens' July 5, 1988, letter.