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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • March 11, 1985

    Minutes of a CC CPSU Politburo Session Nominating Gorbachev for General Secretary

    CC CPSU Politburo Session nominating Gorbachev for General Secretary after the death of Konstantin Ustinovich Chernenko. Many members of the politburo spoke in favor of Gorbachev for General Secretary. They make a unanimous recommendation to the Plenum of CC CPSU.

  • October 28, 1985

    Memorandum of Conversation between Fidel Castro and Eduard Shevardnadze

    Eduard Shevardnadze was the Soviet foreign minister.

  • January 20, 1986

    Diary of Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze on Meeting between Eduard Shevardnadze and North Korean Foreign Minister Kim Yong-nam

    Kim talks about the importance of North and South Korea, referring to the peninsula as "the most explosive place on the planet."

  • January 27, 1986

    Meeting between Cuba, the Soviet Union, and Angola, 'Tripartita Cuba - URSS - RPA'

    Meeting between Cuban, Angolan and Soviet officials.

  • October 22, 1986

    Meeting Minutes of the Politburo of the CC CPSU, Regarding the Aftermath of the Reykjavik US-Soviet summit

    The Politburo discusses what to do after the failure of the Reykjavik summit over Reagan's insistence on preserving the right to continue the SDI or "Star Wars" project, as well as the subsequent expulsion of Soviet diplomats from the US. In the angry, bitter meeting Gorbachev decides on the removal of 250 Soviets working in service positions at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow.

  • November 13, 1986

    CPSU CC Politburo Meeting Minutes (excerpt)

    CPSU CC Politburo transcript regarding attempts to find a solution to the Afghan war and bring resolution to the conflict.

  • December 08, 1986

    Proposal on the Expiration of the Unilaterial Soviet Moratorium on Nuclear Testing

    Proposal to resume Soviet nuclear testing following the expiration of the USSR's unilateral moratorium on nuclear detonations on 1 January 1987. The US government continued nuclear testing throughout 1986 and did not join the Soviet moratorium. Proposes to announce the resumption of testing in December 1986 following the first American test explosion in 1987.

  • January 22, 1987

    Notes from Politburo Meeting, 21-22 January 1987 (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev and his advisors discuss new Afghan president Mohammad Najibullah and the possible drawdown of Soviet troops.

  • February 26, 1987

    Notes from Politburo Meeting, 26 February 1987 (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev and his advisors discuss whether to withdraw troops from Afghanistan.

  • May 22, 1987

    Notes from Politburo Meeting, 21-22 May 1987 (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev and his advisors discuss building a coalition government in Afghanistan before the withdrawal of Soviet troops and also the lack of acceptance of the Soviet-backed People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA).

  • July 09, 1987

    Anatoly Chernyaev, Notes from a Meeting of the Politburo

    Gorbachev and other Politburo members discussed the pressing issue of the return of Crimean Tatars to Crimea.

  • November 25, 1987

    Telegram by Permanent Representative to NATO Fulci to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Atlantic Council. Consultations with Secretary of State Shultz'

    Summary of the discussions between Secretary of State Shultz and Minister of Foreign Affairs Shevardnadze in preparation for the Washington Summit. Shultz confirms that a joint working text has been produced and the preprations for signing the INF treaty in Washington are well underway.

  • January 21, 1988

    Memorandum of Conversation between the International Olympic Committee President and Eduard Shevardnadze, Minister of Foreign Affairs, the USSR, regarding the negotiations with North Korea on the 1988 Olympics

    Memorandum of a discussion between IOC President Samaranch and Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs, Shevardnadze. The two discuss other issues for a while before turning to the "Korea question," as Shevardnadze puts it. Samaranch explains the series of discussions and compromises that have already occurred, as well as expresses some doubt that North Korea is serious about making cooperation happen and that he'd need assurance about the "Olympic family" being able to cross the border. Shevardnadze expresses confidence that that wouldn't be a problem.

  • March 24, 1988

    Anatoly Chernyaev, Notes from a Meeting of the Politburo

    Notes from a meeting of the Politburo regarding Nina Andreeva, a Soviet scientist and political activist who accused Gorbachev of not being true communists and abandoning the Soviet system in her essay " I Cannot Forsake My Principles."

  • June 20, 1988

    Anatoly Chernyaev, Notes from a Meeting of the Politburo

    Anatoly Chernyaev’s notes from the Politburo session on June 20, 1988, during which military spending, party membership, the progress of perestroika, and CPSU organizational leadership were discussed.

  • October 31, 1988

    Anatoly Chernyaev, Notes from a Meeting of the Politburo

    Gorbachev et al prepare for their upcoming UN visit, and discuss presenting their reformed policies, arms reductions, the implementation of perestroika, withdrawal of troops from Hungary, and overall Soviet-American relations.

  • December 23, 1988

    Diary of Teimuraz Stepanov-Mamaladze on a meeting between Eduard Shevardnadze and North Korean Foreign Minister Kim Yong-nam

    Kim reacts to news that the socialist countries will establish diplomatic relations with South Korea.

  • December 27, 1988

    Minutes of the Meeting of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU CC), (Excerpts)

    Minutes of the Meeting of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU CC), (Excerpts) regarding the change of presidency from Reagan to Bush, defense issues and international opinion of the imminent collapse of the Soviet Union

  • January 14, 1989

    Memorandum of Conversation between Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze and Najibullah and other Afghan Leaders on 13-14 January 1989 (Excerpt)

    Shevardnadze, Najibullah and others discuss the possibility of Soviet forces providing security for vital cargo deliveries along the Hairaton-Kabul highway, which passes through territory controlled by Ahmad Shah Masoud's forces.

  • January 24, 1989

    CPSU CC Politburo Decision of 24 January 1989, with Attached Report of 23 January 1989

    CPSU CC Politburo Decision of 24 January 1989, with attached report of 23 January 1989 regarding the various possibilities for Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan and the continuing situation of conflict