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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • February 29, 1968

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    The Romanian Delegation is received in Pyongyang to discuss relations between the two countries.

  • February 07, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, Urgent, No. 061.041

    Based on Yugoslavian sources, a Romanian diplomat reports that Kim Yeong-ju may have met Henry Kissinger and Lee Hu-rak in Paris for discussions on U.S.-DPRK and inter-Korean relations respectively.

  • March 22, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang, No.061.087, Urgent, SECRET

    Popa reports on North Korean actions at the second North-South Coordination Committee to eliminate military confrontation and test Seoul's loyalty towards the cause of unification.

  • March 31, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang, No.061.087, Urgent, SECRET

    Popa discusses active North Korean attempts to eliminate military confrontation in the North-South Coordination Committee and points to South Korean engagement in duplicitous actions by both suing for peace and preparing for war.

  • April 04, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang, No.061.113, Urgent, SECRET

    KWP Centeral Committee member Kim Yeongnam explains to the Romanian representative that the DPRK proposed changes in the North-South Coordination Committee meeting to ease tensions and transform the armistice into a peace treaty. Kim blames the South Korean hawks and separatists who abide by the interests of the US and Japan for the lack of progress. Despite the impasse, the North Koreans look to the internal dissent against Park Chung Hee in South Korea as a sign of support for Pyongyang.

  • April 11, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang, No.061.119, Urgent, SECRET

    Conversation between Romanian and Soviet representatives reveals that North Koreans are slowly withdrawing from direct contacts with South Korea. Instead, Pyongyang is seeking external support for its position. Meanwhile, North Korea is now looking at China with increased suspicion after Zhou Enlai noted that Beijing was not interested in the withdrawal of US troops from Asia. On another note, North Korea asks the Soviets to forbid South Koreans to enter the Soviet Union for the University Olympics held there.

  • April 12, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang, SECRET, No.061.121, Urgent

    A Romanian diplomat reports on the second session of the DPRK Supreme People’s Assembly. The meeting focused on increasing the state budget to accomplish the 6-year plan with particular focus on heavy industry, machinery, raw material extraction, and energy production. The meeting also noted the need to increase the standard of living for the North Korean people. Nonetheless, no mention was made on collaborating with the outside world for economic and technological cooperation.

  • April 23, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang, No.061.150, Urgent, SECRET

    The Romanians expect tensions to rise in inter-Korean relations after North Korea is accused of sending a group of spies to South Korea. Pyongyang is unable to convincingly deny its direct role in sending the spies and is called duplicitous by Seoul. The report suggests that recent events have acted as fodder for the argument on why US troops should stay on the Korean Peninsula

  • June 07, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, Regular, No. 061.224

    Popa notes the rift between the two Koreas since the North-South joint declaration in 1972 as Seoul considers North Korea's attempts to join organizations where South Korea is already a member as a means to undermine its authority.

  • August 29, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang, No.061.360, Urgent, SECRET

    The document mentions a forthcoming North Korean condemnation of Kim Dae-jung's abduction in Tokyo by KCIA agents. The author states that the declaration will ask Lee Hu-rak to be removed from co-presidency of the North-South Coordination Committee. Pyongyang seeks Romanian support in publicizing the North Korean position.

  • October 27, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang, SECRET, No.061482, Urgent

    Popa notes Kim Yeong-nam's concern regarding interference of the USSR and USA in the Yom Kippur/October War as a source of a wider conflict, contrary to the optimism expressed by the North Korean leadership.

  • October 30, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang, SECRET, No.061487, Urgent

    Soviet officials note their dissatisfaction towards the state of relations between the USSR and the DPRK. According to the Soviets, the exchange of delegations between the two countries is at an all time low, but they expect their relationship to improve in the next year. A similar "tenuous" relationship is observed between the PRC and the DPRK.

  • November 15, 1973

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, No. 061.465, Urgent

    The document describes several gatherings of Korean People's Army corps in Pyongyang where military leaders presented a report underlying the necessity of increasing the level of technical and combat preparedness of the army. The author observes how the rhetoric of driving out "American imperialists" and unifying the peninsula had reappeared in North Korea.

  • February 21, 1974

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, Urgent, No. 060.076

    The Embassy of Romania in Pyongyang reports on the February 15 naval clash between North and South Korea, and how the sides had responded to the incident

  • February 25, 1974

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, Urgent, No. 060.079

    The Embassy of Romania of Pyongyang assesses the February 15 naval clash between North and South Korea based on the comments of B.K. Pimenov, Minister-Counselor within the USSR Embassy in Pyongyang.

  • April 22, 1974

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, Urgent, No. 060.180

    Heo Dam seeks to replace the armistice with a peace treaty and establish direct contact with the United States to remove American troops from the peninsula.

  • February 27, 1975

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, No. 059.057

    The Embassy of Romania in Pyongyang reports on the military responses of North and South Korea to the growing number of clashes near the Northern Limit Line (NLL).

  • March 01, 1975

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, SECRET, No. 059.060

    The Romanian Embassy in Pyongyang reports on the Northern Limit Line (NLL) dispute based on the remarks of Ri Jongmok, North Korean Deputy Foreign Minister

  • March 11, 1975

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, No. 059.076

    Popa observes an increase of US military presence in South Korea, including the transfer of nuclear weapons and notes that many see this move as Washington's way of coping with the Sino-Soviet split and increased division between Japan and the US.

  • March 11, 1975

    Telegram from Pyongyang to Bucharest, No. 059.076

    North Koreans report that the South Koreans are concerned with the imminent fall of South Vietnam. At the same time, Seoul is moving to ensure the continued presence of US troops on the Korean Peninsula even after the U.N. troops’ headquarters in South Korea. While Pyongyang can observe increased popular dissent against Park Chung Hee, the North Koreas worry that not even the anti-government opposition foster anti-American sentiments