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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • August 04, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with Charge d’ Affaires of the Chinese Embassy Qiao Xiaoguang

    A memorandum of conversation between Qiao Xiaoguang of the Chinese Embassy and Petrov of Soviet Embassy in North Korea about the DPRK government delegation's visit to the USSR.

  • September 04, 1956

    Memorandum of Conversation with the Ambassador of the Peoples Republic of China to the DPRK Qiao Xiaoguang

    Ambassador Ivanov in the DPRK speaks with PRC Ambassador on the four Koreans who spoke against Kim Il Sung that are being held at the Chinese border. Ivanov states that the Soviet Union is against criticizing Kim Il Sung.

  • April 10, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 10 April 1957

    Puzanov notes his protocol visits to other foreign representatives in North Korea. He relays his understanding of the DPRK's five-year plan to the Ambassador of China, Qiao Xiaoguang. Later, Puzanov summarizes Pak Jeong-ae's explanation of the need for increased vigilance against South Korea as well as news of an upcoming conference of women.

  • May 22, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 22 May 1957

    Puzanov meets with the PRC Ambassador to the DPRK, Qiao Xiaoguang, and tells him about his trip to Hamgyong with Kim Il Sung. Both Ambassadors express respect for the hard work of the Korean people, acknowledge the shortcomings of the DPRK economy, and discuss the movement to regulate the work style of the Korean people. Qiang is unwilling to discuss intra-Party aspects of the KWP, but he agrees to continue exchanging information with Puzanov in the future.

  • May 26, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 26 May 1957

    The PRC Ambassador to the DPRK, Qiao Xiaoguang, informs Puzanov of the PRC's intention to advise the DPRK government on protesting American violations of the armistice in South Korea.

  • May 28, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 28 May 1957

    Nam Il and Puzanov object to American efforts to legitimize the military fortification of South Korea by changing Article 13 of the Armistice agreement. Nam Il also requests consultation for the DPRK draft of its first five-year plan. Later, Puzanov meets with PNR Ambassador Siedlecki, who discusses the Neutral Commission's perspective on the US proposal to change the Armistice.

  • May 29, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 29 May 1957

    Kim Il Sung requests technical assistance from the Soviet Unions for currency reforms in DPRK. He and Puzanov then discuss plans for elections in North Korea, DPRK agricultural and fishing conditions, progress in construction, and the exchange of delegations between the two countries. Later, Puzanov meets with the PRC Ambassador to the DPRK, Qiao Xiaoguang. They discuss the potential American bid to legalize weapons deliveries to South Korea as well as USSR and PRC consultation for the DPRK five-year plan.

  • June 04, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 4 June 1957

    Puzanov and Nam Il agree on the need to object to a potential US proposal to modify Article 13 of the Armistice agreement. Nam Il also hints at the desire for Chinese troops to withdraw from the DPRK and expresses the KWP Presidium's concern regarding the issue of the KWP CC premier.

  • July 16, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 16 July 1957

    Puzanov tells the PRC Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang about the June CPSU CC Plenum decision, which Qiao supports. Then they discuss the timeframe of the Korean delegation's return from Moscow.

  • August 16, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 16 August 1957

    Puzanov meets with North Korean leaders at a sporting events in celebration of Korea's liberation, and they discuss friendly sports exchanges between the Soviet Union and DPRK. Kim Il Sung informs Puzanov that the DPRK will revise its draft of the first five-year plan according to Soviet suggestions before the economic delegation goes to China for consultation. Later, the Russian and Bulgarian Embassies host a successful showing of a film, and the Soviets inform the PRC Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang of Soviet consultations of the DPRK economic plan.

  • August 20, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 20 August 1957

    Puzanov visits the construction site of a furniture factory built with USSR aid and comments on its production capacity and shortcomings. He also informs PRC Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang of Soviet feedback on the DPRK's draft five-year plan and the internal political situation of the KWP leadership.

  • August 28, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 28-30 August 1957

    The PRC Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang invited a Soviet delegation to the Chinese People's Volunteers headquarters where they honor deceased Chinese People's Volunteers and Mao Zedong's son. On the second day, they visit the DPRK's largest gold mine. Puzanov gives a detailed account of the mine's production capability and the training and services provided for mine workers.

  • October 23, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 23 October 1957

    Qiao Xiaoguang relays the results of the trip to China by the unofficial Korean delegation headed by Kim Il, where the draft of the first DPRK five-year plan and issues of the commodity exchange between the PRC and DPRK were discussed.

  • December 17, 1957

    Cable from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Public Security, and Central Overseas Chinese Committee, 'Views on Handling the Issue of Ethnic Koreans in the Northeast Illegally Crossing the Border to Korea'

    The Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs informs the Chinese Embassy in North Korea and the Public Security Offices in Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang Provinces of China and North Korea's policies regarding illegal border crossings.

  • December 20, 1957

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 20 December 1957

    PRC Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang discusses the withdrawal of Chinese People's Volunteers from the DPRK.

  • April 11, 1958

    Cable from Qiao Xiaoguang to the Central Committee, 'Korea Has Decided Not to Send a Party Delegation to Yugoslavia'

    Qiao Guanhua reports that the Korean Workers' Party will not send a delegation the 7th Congress of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia.

  • November 22, 1958

    Record of Conversation from the Premier's Reception of the Korean Government Delegation

    Zhou Enlai and Kim Il Sung discuss the economic situation, electricity production, agricultural production, cooperativization, and the military in North Korea, as well as the withdrawal of the Chinese People's Army from the DPRK. Zhou and Kim also touched on issues relating to U.S.-Japan relations, inter-Korean relations, Chinese development, the Great Leap Forward, U.S. global strategy, Korean nationals in Japan, and Taiwan.

  • September 21, 1959

    Report by Qiao Xiaoguang on a Conversation with Kim Il Sung

    Qiao Xiaoguang, the Chinese Ambassador to North Korea, reports to the Central Committee that Kim Il Sung expressed the desire to discuss North Korea's economic development with Mao Zedong and Liu Shaoqi. Kim also states his support for the CCP and the solidarity of the China-DPRK relationship.

  • February 06, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 6 February 1960

    Czechoslovak Ambassador Stanislav Kohousek and Puzanov discuss some peculiarities of North Korea's Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

  • February 13, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 13 February 1960

    Chinese Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang holds a reception to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the USSR-PRC treaty.