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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 15, 1965

    Letter from Angel Solakov to V.Semichastni on Acquired Materials from the Italian Embassy in Sofia

    State Security Committee Chief, Solakov, forwards to Moscow materials acquired by Bulgarian secret agents from the Italian embassy building. Among the documents are code books and classified correspondence with Rome.

  • November 17, 1965

    A Proposal from Bulgarian State Security Chairman A. Solakov to the Secretariat on Recruitment of Foreign Students in Bulgaria

    The State Security Committee chair, Angel Solakov, seeks authorization from the BCP CC Secretariat to recruit foreign nationals, residing in Bulgaria as university students and military academy cadets.

  • January 11, 1966

    Bulgarian Politburo Resolution on Intelligence Actions Against China and Albania

    CC BCP Politburo approves Angel Solakov’s recommendation the State Security Committee to commence intelligence and counter-intelligence operations against PRC and Albania. In an attached report Solakov lays out the rationale for such actions. Solakov cites cases where the Chinese and Albanian intelligence services have allegedly embarked upon anti-Soviet actions in various countries of Europe, Africa, Asia and Latin America.

  • June 08, 1966

    CC BCP Secretariat Secret Resolution Regarding Training Cuban Security Officers in Bulgaria

    The Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party approves the Cuban government’s request to train Cubans in counterintelligence, but not sabotage.

  • March 23, 1967

    Bulgarian State Security Chairman Angel Solakov’s Report at a Bulgarian Communist Party Plenum

    According to the State Security Committee chair, Angel Solakov, there has been a major shift in the policies of the West towards the Soviet bloc. While during the 1950s military face-off was often considered an option, in the late 1960s such possibility has been largely ruled out. Consequently the US and their allies in Western Europe are focusing their efforts on fighting socialism around the world through peaceful means, such as strengthening economic and cultural ties with the Soviet bloc countries. This calls for a change in the strategy of the State Security Committee intelligence operations. Solakov also reports on the anti-Soviet activities of the Chinese and Albanian intelligence services across Europe.

  • 1969

    Proposal from Angel Solakov to CC BCP Secretariat on Sending a Ministry Representative to Warsaw

    A proposal from the Minister of Internal Affairs to the BCP CC for putting one counter-intelligence operative on staff in the Bulgarian Embassy in Warsaw.

  • September 06, 1971

    Letter from A. Solakov to T. Zhivkov on Accusations Against Him

    Solakov's second letter to Todor Zhivkov regarding accusations against him, expressed at a CC BCP Politburo meeting in July 1971. The accusations caused the removal of Solakov as a Minister of the Interior, and his removal as a CC BCP member. According to Gen. Solakov, he made a mistake of not informing Todor Zhivkov about few rumors. The first one was that he presumably intended to make a Party career with a promotion to the position of CC BCP Secretary. The second was connected with a circulated inside CC BCP compromising information that Solakov allowed the US CIA to receive through the Bulgarian company TEXIM (a cover KDS organization for arms transfer in Third World countries) several million dollars in an Arabic country.