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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 02, 1963

    Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Paper Regarding Dutch Participation in Talks Regarding a Multilateral Nuclear Force'

    Paper presented at 4 October 1963 meeting of the Dutch Council of Ministers. The paper lays out the reasons for declining to participate in the Multilateral Force so far, but argues that due to changes in the situation – principally a turn on the part of the British toward participation – the Netherlands now should move to participate in the talks. The paper lists the (political) advantages of such participation.

  • May 19, 1967

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Contacts with North Korean Ambassador in Warsaw'

    A brief note stating that Calkoen's conduct (not taking up the North Korean Ambassador's offer) is in line with Dutch policy concerning states it does not recognize.

  • November 06, 1967

    Internal Memorandum of Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'North Korean Note'

    A brief note suggests that the 12-page note sent to the Ministry by the North Korean Embassy in Prague should be returned as if never read. The 31 October 1967 North Korean note, introduced by a brief letter in English and provided both in French and in Korean, deals with U.S. imperialism and the risk of war it entails.

  • August 09, 1968

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Recognition of North Korea'

    Handwritten memorandum regarding a draft message to the Dutch Permanent Representation to NATO in Brussels, suggesting that the North Korean attempts at establishing contact should be mentioned for completeness.

  • January 10, 1969

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'North Korea'

    Reports on a request from Dutch shipbuilding company Verolme N.V. to reconsider the Dutch standpoint regarding the establishment of a (semi-)permanent North Korean representation in the Netherlands to further commercial contacts. Verolme was told there is no reason to reconsider, also given that it was currently able to procure large orders already - two ships were to be delivered to North Korea in September. The American Embassy was confidentially informed of this.

  • May 29, 1969

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'North Korean Economic Mission'

    Heldring of the Netherlands Council for Trade Promotion has visited to inquire if the Ministry would object to the Council sponsoring a North Korean trade mission to the Netherlands in June. It did not, but his interlocutor did point out the government's opposition to any permanent trade mission.

  • June 27, 1969

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Relations with North Korea'

    The Jhr. Vegelin van Claerbergen proposes to the chief of the department to loosen the reins in relations with North Korea, both for reasons of commerce and of politics, namely engaging North Korea to allow it to become less dependent on China.

  • June 30, 1969

    Memorandum of Conversation of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Relations with North Korea'

    Memo on a visit by Heldring and Kroese, of the Netherlands Council for Trade Promotion, during which a draft agreement with their North Korean counterpart was discussed. Despite some specific objections the agreement in principle was acceptable to the Ministry. (The draft is the first attachment; other materials supplied for comparison by Heldring comprise the second attachment.)

  • July 03, 1969

    Memorandum of Conversation of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Visit North Korean trade mission'

    Veraart of the Dutch company Verolme visited to report on the farewell dinner he hosted for the North Korean trade mission. The delegation stressed that a trade agreement was not sufficient and that a permanent representation should be established, which Veraart promised to keep talking to the government about.

  • August 01, 1969

    Note, Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, North Korea's Efforts to Establish Trade Missions in Western Europe (in English)

    The note points out the North Korean mission in Paris (since 1968) and the intent of both the Swiss and the Austrians to establish similar missions soon. It mentions the drying up of significant communist loans as a motivation for Pyongyang's increasingly Western economic orientation, particularly through machine and equipment import.

  • August 13, 1969

    Memorandum of Conversation of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Relations with North Korea'

    Memorizes a visit by the director of Shell in the Netherlands who reported a message from his colleague in Seoul that establishment of a permanent trade representation by North Korea in the Netherlands would cause significant harm to Shell's operations in South Korea. The Ministry informed him of the talks with the Netherlands Council for Trade Promotion and called the issue "entirely open".

  • September 12, 1969

    Memorandum of Conversation Between Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Representatives of Three Dutch companies, Regarding the Establishment of a North Korean Trade Office in the Netherlands

    Representatives from the companies CKH, VMF and Grenko visited the Ministry to plead for the establishment of a North Korean trade office. The Ministry remained of the opinion, also informed by the Ministry of Economic Affairs, that economic and political relations with South Korea would be unacceptably damaged by such rapprochement with North Korea.

  • October 10, 1969

    Memorandum of Conversation of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Trade relations with North Korea'

    Recalls a conversation with Heldring of the Netherlands Council for Trade Promotion, during which Heldring said he had received word from the North Koreans that they were willing to sign the proposed agreement even though they kept urging the establishment of a permanent trade mission. Heldring pointed out such a mission had recently been established in Switzerland and similar contacts were ongoing in the Scandinavian countries. The Dutch company VMF had, however, by now changed to a much more cautious position because of its South Korean interests. Heldring was putting of a reciprocal visit to North Korea until he knew the Ministry's position.

  • October 15, 1969

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Establishment of a North Korean Trade Mission in the Netherlands'

    The director-general of the Department for Foreign Economic Relations advises against the establishment of a North Korean trade mission in the Netherlands: while the volume of trade with the two Koreas is roughly equal, such a mission would do great harm to commercial interests in South Korea, particularly VMF and Shell.

  • October 17, 1969

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Trade relations with North Korea'

    The East Asia Department agrees with Foreign Economic Relations that no North Korean trade mission in the Netherlands should be established, but proposes instead that a number of representatives be allowed temporary stay to build up commercial contacts instead.

  • October 28, 1969

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Stay of North Korean businessmen'

    A memorandum notes that the proposal to allow a number of North Korean business representatives temporary yet effectively indefinite stay would require permission from the Justice Department, and proposes to initiate contact to this effect.

  • December 18, 1969

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Trade relations with North Korea'

    The Netherlands Council for Trade Promotion decides not to reciprocate a visit to North Korea for the time being.

  • June 18, 1971

    Memorandum of Conversation of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'British inquiry about North Korean activities in the Netherlands'

    Memorizes a visit by the British Third Secretary of the Embassy. Having heard that North Korea was considering establishing a trade mission in the United Kingdom, the British were looking for information on similar initiatives elsewhere. The Ministry described the unsuccessful attempt a few years earlier, which was by now a thing of the past.

  • March 09, 1973

    Cable from Dutch Embassy in Warsaw to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'North Korea'

    Reports that the Belgian Embassy Counsel received the North Korean Counsel in his home, where the latter noted the establishment of a North Korean information bureau in France and a trade bureau in Finland, and proposed a formal or informal visit to Brussels. The Belgian reply was noncommittal; the North Korean also announced his intention to visit the Dutch Embassy.

  • March 13, 1973

    Internal Memorandum of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Contacts with North Korea'

    A memorandum from the Dutch Government which argues the benefits of opening informal contacts with North Korea.