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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • February 03, 1969

    Memorandum for the President [Richard Nixon] from Henry A. Kissinger, 'The Middle East--Some Policy Considerations'

    Kissinger provides Nixon with an overview of achieving a general political settlement in the Arab-Israeli conflict, and different international frameworks for this goal.

  • February 17, 1969

    Telephone Conversation Transcript, Henry Kissinger and William P. Rogers

    The Senate Foreign Relations Committee was reviewing the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty for ratification and its chairman, J. William Fulbright (D-Ark), wanted to know where Israel stood on the Treaty. Believing that the issue should be handled at the White House level, Rogers proposed a meeting with Kissinger, Laird, and CIA director Richard Helms. Agreeing to schedule a meeting, Kissinger acknowledged that the issue was also “political.”

  • February 20, 1969

    Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty Excluded from Katzenbach Committee Restrictions

    Henry Kissinger informs President Nixon of the 303 Committee’s determination that RFE and RL are not “private voluntary organizations” and not subject to the policy recommendations of the Katzenbach Committee ban on covert federal funding

  • March 08, 1969

    Memorandum for the President from Henry A. Kissinger, 'Next Steps on the Middle East'

    Kissinger details a plan to hold separate talks with the Soviet Union, France, and Great Britain with the aim of bringing them closer to the US position and press them to share responsibility for success.

  • March 21, 1969

    National Security Study Memorandum 33, 'Contingency Planning for the Middle East'

    Instructions to prepare a number of studies for various contingencies in the Middle East, including renewed Arab-Israeli conflict, crises related to Jordan, and US-Soviet confrontation.

  • April 11, 1969

    National Security Study Memorandum [NSSM] No. 40, Memorandum from Henry Kissinger to Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense, and Director of Central Intelligence, 'Israeli Nuclear Weapons Program'

    Kissinger initiated a formal bureaucratic process to address how the U.S. government should respond to the emergence of a nuclear Israel, a review process managed by Kissinger’s NSC staff, known as NSSM 40. Through the NSSM Henry Kissinger tasked the DCI, the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Defense to prepare a report for the President that included the latest intelligence findings on the Israeli nuclear program and policy options with recommendations that the President could use in making decisions.

  • April 15, 1969

    Memorandum from Henry A. Kissinger to President Nixon, 'Guidance to State and Defense Department on Our Attitude Toward Military Cooperation with the French'

    Kissinger informs Nixon of a discussion he had with British Defense Minister Denis Healey about French/U.S. military cooperation. Kissinger has told Healey that the French have not approached the U.S., and that any decision to aid France would have to be heavily weighed beforehand. Kissinger and Healey have agreed to inform one another should he be approached for such assistance by France in the future.

  • April 22, 1969

    Memorandum from Henry A. Kissinger to William P. Rogers, US-French Military Relations

    This is a follow up of a memorandum from Kissinger to Nixon that was sent on April 15, 1969, where Nixon approved Kissinger to tell the Secretary of State the same points that were discussed in the original memorandum. Such points were that Kissinger has told Healey, British Defense Minister, that the French have not approached the U.S. for military assistance, and that any decision to aid France would have to be heavily weighed beforehand. The necessity for secrecy on these topics is stressed by Kissinger.

  • June 27, 1969

    Memorandum of Conversation between Ambassador Shriver and the National Security Council, 'Conversation with Schriver on Pompidou Visit, Military Cooperation with France, and Middle East'

    Ambassador Shriver and Kissinger discuss wanting President Pompidou to visit the U.S. soon, and the former states that he will ask President Nixon to give his opinion on this and to approve it soon. Kissinger further states that he does not know if the President wants to aid France, either militarily or by nuclear means, though he does not think it is out of the question that the President may want to do so. Finally, Kissinger notes that the U.S. does not need French aid in negotiations with the Soviets but would not be opposed to their help in talks with the Israelis.

  • July 04, 1969

    Memorandum from Henry Kissinger to President Nixon, 'Israeli Nuclear Program'

    Citing the recent developments at the Senior Review Group, Kissinger proposed an NSC meeting on 16 July 1969 to discuss the Israeli nuclear problem.

  • July 12, 1969

    Memorandum of conversation of the Ambassador of the USSR A.F. Dobrynin with Kissinger

    In this July 1969 report to the Politburo, Soviet ambassador to Washington Anatoly Dobrynin recounts a wide-ranging conversation with national security adviser Henry A. Kissinger a half-year into President Richard M. Nixon’s first term. Dobrynin also offers his candid personal evaluation of Kissinger and the secret White House “backchannel” established by Nixon to circumvent the State Department and communicate directly with the Soviet leadership.

  • July 19, 1969

    Memorandum from Henry Kissinger to President Nixon, 'Israeli Nuclear Program'

    The memorandum lays out substantive and significant line of thinking about the complex problem raised by the Israeli nuclear program. Kissinger thought it might be possible to persuade the Israelis that with all of the NPT’s loopholes signing it would not prevent them from continuing their weapons research and development. Kissinger also recognized the real possibility that the Israeli development momentum could not be stopped.

  • July 19, 1969

    Memorandum from Henry Kissinger to Richard Nixon, "Israeli Nuclear Program"

  • September 10, 1969

    The Next Step in the Middle East - NSC Meeting Thursday, September 11

    Kissinger analyzes major considerations in Middle East negotiations in advance of the NSC meeting, concluding that their only reasonable choice at the moment is to press Israel to accept the settlement terms the US develops.

  • December 04, 1969

    Sisco Telcon with Kissinger - Dec. 4, 1969

    A telcon from Joseph Siscco in which he discusses the opinions of top government officials in regards to Middle East negotiations.

  • December 10, 1969

    NSC Meeting: The Middle East. December 10, 1969

    The Council re-caps the current situation in the Middle East and discusses US options to improve the American position in the Middle East and work for an Arab-Israeli settlement.

  • December 29, 1969

    Nixon Approves Continuation of Radio Liberty

    Kissinger recommends that RL funding be reinstated for Fiscal Year 1971. President Nixon approves Kissinger’s recommendation.

  • February 01, 1970

    Memorandum for the President, "Message from Kosygin"

    Kissinger analyzes the message that Kosygin gave to the US regarding Israel's military action against the Arab states. He believes the tone is moderate, but still a threat, and that the Soviets are not in the stronger position. He also lays out a proposed response.

  • February 03, 1970

    Memorandum for the President, "Reply to Kosygin"

    A draft reply to Kosygin's message, along with recommendations for the President on content, tone, and timing from Kissinger and Secretary Rogers.

  • February 06, 1970

    Memorandum for the President, "Further Background on the Kosygin Letter"

    A memorandum in which Kissinger theorizes on the reasoning behind the Kosygin letter, specifically Brezhnev's anger over an Israeli strike on several Soviet advisors in the region and Soviet frustration over the limited options in their current position.