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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • February 26, 1960

    MAE-MD Joint Report on Question of Disarmament

    Report of the Joint MAE-MD working group on the issue of disarmament. The report is centered on the 10 military milestones of the Italian position (reduction of budgets for the defense, of actuals and armaments, balanced disarmament, weapons and nuclear secrets, cessation of experiments nuclear, special status zones, special defensive needs of Italy, abolition of US bases, Atlantic defense). It contains comments and suggestions related to different disengagement modalities in Central Europe. Included is a letter by CSMD A. Rossi to MD Andreotti with observations on the MAE report.

  • May 30, 1961

    Memorandum by Chief of Defense Staff Aldo Rossi to Minister of Defense Andreotti, 'NATO new strategic approach'

    Rossi describes the recent trend of the US Administration to want to turn away from the doctrine of Massive Retaliation, towards the acquisition of a new strategic concept that includes an increase in the "nuclear threshold." In order for Italy to continue to lead the defense of central and southeastern Europe against the Soviet Union as well as address its internal social and political crises, the United States must provide Italy with financial assistance.

  • October 17, 1961

    Report by Chief of Defense Staff Aldo Rossi, 'The military situation of the armed forces of the Soviet bloc and of its alleged allies and those of NATO countries and their allies'

    A report on the discussions which occurred at a meeting of the Atlantic Council, during which the relative military powers of the Soviet Block and Western Block were compared. The different positions and threats posed to various NATO nations were also discussed. Finally, the report laid out plans for nuclear, submarine, and aerial weapons development to ensure that the Soviet Block’s military power never exceeds that of the Western block.

  • January 01, 1963

    Note by SMD on Inter-Allied Force

    Note by Gen. Aldo Rossi on aims, composition and structure of the Nuclear Interallied Force and potential advantages for Italy.

  • January 01, 1963

    Note by SMD on Denuclearization of the Mediterranean

    Note by gen. Aldo Rossi against Soviet proposal for denuclearization of the Mediterranean, which would deny Italy a nuclear deterrent through NATO.

  • March 26, 1963

    Note by SMD on NATO MLF

    Analysis by Gen. A. Rossi on NATO multinational and multilateral force proposals. In particular, the paper focused on MLF features, with political military legal and financial observations. It includes also a technical analysis of the US proposal for a MLF based on Polaris-armed merchant ships .

  • May 13, 1963

    Note by JSMD to MD on MLF

    Considerations by Gen. Aldo Rossi on the structure of NATO nuclear forces, Inter-allied and Multilateral Force, issues of surface ships vulnerability, costs and budget.

  • June 13, 1963

    Annex to analysis by SMD on Proposal to assign to NATO Italian Polaris-armed Ships

    Report by Gen. A. Rossi on Polaris SLBM and NATO naval forces, including technological and employment features, costs. The report includes discussions of IRBM forces in Italy, and French and British nuclear forces.

  • June 13, 1963

    Analysis by SMD on Proposal to assign to NATO Italian Polaris-armed Ships

    Considerations by Gen. Aldo Rossi on prospective assignment to NATO of Italian ships armed with Polaris. Includes a discussion of issue of surface ships and responses by US Navy to Italian questions. Two annexes: 1 Inter-allied Nuclear Force, pros for Italy; 2 Italy's position on Multilateral Nuclear Force.

  • June 16, 1964

    Memorandum by Chief of Defense Staff Aldo Ross to Minister of Defense, '32nd meeting of the Military Committee - SHAPEX 64 - Conversation with General Taylor'

    Rossi details the activities that have taken place in Paris during the week from June 8th, to June 13th.

  • July 03, 1964

    Note from CSMD to MD on MLF

    Note by gen. Aldo Rossi on the activities of MLF working group, Italy's participation to the mixed crew ship experiment, costs and budget.

  • August 03, 1965

    Memo on Work of the Committee of the 18 on Nuclear Proliferation

    Memo by CSMD A. Rossi on the resumption of the work of the Committee of the 18 in Geneva and the issue of non-dissemination nuclear weapons: summary of technical-military observations from SMD to MD of March 1964 on US proposal for declaration on non-dissemination, analysis on nuclear power guidelines and Non-nuclear countries; draft British and Canadian agreements presented to the Atlantic Council and reactions to alliance countries, statement Foreign Minister A. Fanfani to Geneva; US project of nuclear non-dissemination treaty, MAE instructions to amb. Cavalletti

  • November 23, 1965

    Appunto CSMD US Nuclear Weapons Storing in Italy

    Summary by CSMD Aldo Rossi on US-Italy agreements for the storage of nuclear weapons assigned to NATO italian units.

  • December 01, 1965

    Note from CSMD a MD for High Defense Committee Meeting

    Note by CSMD Aldo Rossi for High Defense Committee Meeting on MLF and ANF projects.