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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 29, 1944

    Letter, Igor V. Kurchatov, Director of the Soviet Nuclear Program, to Lavrenti Beria

    In this letter, physicist Igor V. Kurchatov, the scientific director of the Soviet nuclear project, writes to secret police chief Lavrenti Beria, whom Stalin had given principal responsibility for the atomic effort. Prodded by his own scientists and by intelligence reports of the secret Anglo-American atomic enterprise, Stalin had initiated a small-scale Soviet nuclear weapons program in late 1942-early 1943. But the level of support political leaders had given the project failed to satisfy Kurchatov, who pleaded with Beria for additional backing.

  • April 06, 1945

    Report from L. P. Beria to I. V. Stalin About the Expediency of Using the Division of the USSR People's Commissariat of the Interior (NKVD) for Protection of Railroad Communications of Romania

    Beria recommends moving one of the NKVD divisions in Bucharest in order to defend Romanian railroad communications.

  • April 29, 1945

    Report from L. Beria and A. Vyshinsky to Cde. I.V. Stalin

    Beria and Vyshinsky summarize the prevailing conditions in the Ili District of Xinjiang, describing the equipment and foodstuffs seized by the rebels, the extent of Chinese army losses, and the provisional government headed by Alihan Tore Shakirjan. Urging Stalin to support the Ili Muslims' liberation movement, they offer suggestions for future actions in support of the rebel army.

  • May 11, 1945

    Letter from L. Beria to Cde. I.V. Stalin

    Molotov reports that he is sending Stalin a letter from Alihan Tore Shakirjan, the Chairman of the Provisional Government of East Turkestan.

  • June 02, 1945

    Letter from L. Beria to Cde. I.V. Stalin of the State Defense Committee and Cde. V.M. Molotov of the Council of People's Commissars

    Beria describes a meeting between NKVD Lt. Col. Prokopyuk and Shakirjan at which Shakirjan suggested renewing active rebel operations, emphasizing that the lack of combat is beginning to demoralize the Muslim population.

  • July 03, 1945

    Report from L. Beria to I.V. Stalin of the State Defense Committee and V.M. Molotov of the Council of People's Commissars

    Beria reports on a Chinese offensive against the Dungan rebel battalion in the Ili District of Xinjiang, noting the Chinese and rebel losses.

  • July 11, 1945

    Telegram from L. Beria to the Cde. Stalin of the State Defense Committee and Cde. Molotov of the Council of People's Commissars

    Beria reports that, in June 1945, Chinese aircraft conducted reconnaissance and bombed Ili rebel positions in the region of Yun-Dzhikho.

  • July 13, 1945

    Report from Cde. Yegnarov to Cde. L.P. Beria

    Yegnarov notes that he is sending Stalin and Molotov a copy of a report of Cde. Yegnarov describing his conversation with "Sadyk."

  • September 05, 1945

    Report from L. Beria to Cde. I.V. Stalin, V.M. Molotov, and Cde. G.M. Malenkov

    Beria reports on the progress of the rebel movement in Xinjiang at the end of August, including information on the locations of the rebels' active operations, their armed forces, Chinese prisoners of war, and recent rebel casualties. He also describes the Chinese Armed Forces' likely responses to recent rebel advances in the Ili District.

  • October 15, 1945

    L. Beria to Cde. V.M. Molotov

    Beria writes that Osman Batur does not intend to recognize the East Turkestan Republic. Instead, Osman will create an independent state in Altai, in part due to the support of Choibalsan.

  • October 18, 1945

    Directive of Soviet delegation on the first session of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations

    Draft decree and list of delegates by the Council of People's Commissars on the USSR's joining the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations.

  • October 19, 1945

    Telegram from Molotov, Beria, Malenkov and Mikoyan to Stalin

    Recognition of the provisional government of Austria following the expansion of its authority to all of Austria.

  • October 31, 1945

    Telegram from Beria and Malenkov to Stalin

    Request for Stalin's opinion about the nomination of several candidates for the People’s Commissar of Internal Affairs of Ukraine.

  • November 28, 1945

    Beria’s Cover Memo to Stalin on Niels Bohr

    Memo to Stalin discussing Beria’s efforts to obtain information from physicist Niels Bohr about development of the atomic bomb.

  • January 25, 1946

    Handwritten notes by Igor V. Kurchatov, Director of the Soviet Nuclear Program, on a Meeting with Stalin, Beria and Molotov

    Excerpts from Igor V. Kurchatov's handwritten notes from a conversation with Stalin on the secret Soviet nuclear project, accompanied by Beria and Foreign Minister V.M. Molotov, at the Kremlin on the evening of 25 January 1946.

  • February 01, 1950

    Letter to Joseph V. Stalin from Andrey Vyshinsky

    Vyshinsky informs Stalin of Zhou Enlai's suggested amendments to Sino-Soviet agreements and mutual aid.

  • February 02, 1950

    Top Secret Memorandum from Andrey Vyshinsky to Joseph Stalin

    In a message to Stalin, Vyshinsky describes Soviet negotiations with Zhou Enlai on the Sino-Soviet agreement on alliance and mutual aid.

  • February 03, 1950

    Top Secret Memorandum to Comrade Joseph V. Stalin from Andrey Vyshinsky

    Vyshinsky reports to Stalin on the continuing negotiations of the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliance, and Mutual Assistance. References are made toward the Feb 2, 1950, a meeting between Russia and Sino officials; and the amendment/modifications made towards preserving relations between the two nations. Placement of Chinese troops in Soviet territory.

  • February 12, 1950

    Top Secret Memorandum to Comrade Joseph V. Stalin from Andrey Vyshinsky

    Vyshinsky reports to Stalin on his talks with Zhou Enlai held the previous day. Discussion focused on a number of affairs, including minor Chinese amendments to Molotov's draft of the Sino-Soviet agreement; the prospect of negotiating a bilateral agreement on trade and technical exchange; outstanding issues regarding Soviet specialists in China; settling a date on which to sign the agreement; and other matters.

  • February 13, 1950

    From the Journal of Vyshinsky: Top Secret Memorandum of Conversation with Chinese Prime Minister Zhou Enlai

    Vyshinsky reports to Stalin that Zhou Enlai wishes to publish the completed Sino-Soviet agreements. Doing so, Zhou believes, will legitimate the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China in the eyes of the world, particularly the democratic countries. However, because an agreement on publication had not previously been made, Vyshinsky tells Zhou that this is not yet possible. Vyshinsky informs Zhou that he will consult the Soviet government on this matter and report back without delay.