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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • October 20, 1964

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Vietnam, 'Reactions to China's Testing of an Atomic Bomb (6)'

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Vietnam entails positive responses of Le Duan, Pham Hùng and Ly Ban regarding China's first testing of an Atomic Bomb.

  • April 08, 1965

    Discussion between Liu Shaoqi and Le Duan

    China offers military services to Vietnam, on the condition that Vietnam invites them first; Vietnam accepts.

  • December 01, 1965

    Speech Given by Party First Secretary Le Duan to the 12th Plenum of the Party Central Committee

    In this secret policy speech, Vietnamese Communist Party First Secretary Le Duan outlines the North Vietnamese negotiating strategy with United States, including the conditions under which talks between the two sides might first begin.

  • March 23, 1966

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai and Le Duan

    Zhou Enlai cautions Le Duan against Soviet assistance.

  • April 13, 1966

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai, Deng Xioaping, Kang Sheng, Le Duan and Nguyen Duy Trinh

    China stresses the importance of Chinese aid in Vietnam, while pointing out Vietnam’s seeming mistrust; Vietnam relies on Chinese support.

  • November 10, 1966

    Note of Comrade Bergold, East German Ambassador, with the Polish Ambassador in North Vietnam, Comrade Siedliecky

    A note on a conversation between Mao Zedong and Le Duan. Zedong confronts Le Duan with instances where he has spoken out against China. Le Duan states that Vietnam does not support the Cultural Revolution, but will do nothing to oppose it. He answers other questions about economic policy and Soviet revisionism.

  • May 11, 1970

    Discussion between Mao Zedong and Le Duan

    Mao Zedong advises Le Duan not to fear the United States.

  • 1971

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai and Le Duan

    Zhou Enlai agrees with Vietnam on the terms of total US withdrawal and exposing Nixon’s deceptive personality

  • March 07, 1971

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai, Le Duan, and Pham Van Dong

    China and Vietnam’s role in East Asia and the world.

  • July 13, 1971

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai and Le Duan

    Vietnamese tactics against the US during negotiation.

  • June 05, 1973

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai, Le Duan, Pham Van Dong and Le Thanh Nghi

    The role of China and Vietnam in the Cambodian revolution; also a discussion on the current situation in South Vietnam.

  • June 06, 1973

    Discussion between Zhou Enlai, Le Duan, Pham Van Dong and Le Thanh Nghi

    Le Duan asks Zhou Enlai for Chinese help in building industry and infrastructure, as per a previous agreement between China and Vietnam.

  • September 18, 1973

    Politburo Sends Letter to COSVN, Region 5, Tri-Thien, Saigon, Hue, and Danang

    A letter, presumably written by Le Duan, offers a clarion call for war in the wake of the Paris Peace Accords.

  • May 04, 1974

    Letter from Le Duan to Military Region 6

    Letter from Le Duan to Military Region 6 providing guidance on its operations and urgent tasks in the two years 1974-1975.

  • September 10, 1974

    Comrade Le Duan’s Comments After Listening to Comrade Vo Quang Ho’s Briefing on the Draft Plan (Notes Taken by Comrade Ho)

    Le Duan's comments on the draft plan presented by Vo Quang Ho, laying out plans to liberate South Vietnam in two years 1975-1976.

  • March 24, 1975

    Comrade Le Duan’s Comments in a Politburo Meeting Held 24 March 1975, after our Victory at Ban Me Thuot (Notes taken by Comrade Vo Quang Ho)

    In a Politburo meeting after the Ban Me Thuot victory, Le Duan gives comments on the progress and future direction of the general offensive to liberate South Vietnam.

  • March 31, 1975

    Letter from Le Duan to Cuong [Pham Hung], Sau [Le Duc Tho] and Tuan [General Van Tien Dung]

    Letter from Le Duan with guidance on communications and plans of attack in Saigon.

  • April 09, 1975

    Cable from Le Duan to Tuan [Van Tien Dung], Sau [Le Duc Tho], Bay Cuong [Pham Hung], and Tu Nguyen [Tran Van Tra]

    Cable from Le Duan with instructions on dispersing combat forces to attack the enemies and infiltrate into the city.

  • April 14, 1975

    Cable from Le Duan to Tam Thanh [Hoang Van Thai], Bay Cuong [Pham Hung], and Tuan [Van Tien Dung]

    Cable from Le Duan carrying the Politburo's approval of battle plans for the liberation campaign in Saigon, now dubbed the "Ho Chi Minh Campaign."

  • September 29, 1975

    Minutes of Conversation between Deng Xiaoping and Le Duan

    Deng Xiaoping recounts a meeting between Zhou Enlai and Ho Chi Minh, at which Ho Chi Minh accused the Chinese of attempting to intimidate the Vietnamese by stationing troops close to the Chinese-Vietnamese border. Le Duan states that he had never been brifed on that meeting. Excerpt.