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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • April 13, 1949

    Ciphered Telegram No. 53517 from Kovalev to Filippov [Stalin]

    Kovalev reports to Filippov (Stalin) about the conversation Kovalev had with Mao, Zhu De, Zhou Enlai, Liu Shaoqi, and several members of the CCP Politburo. The topics discussed include an appraisal of the work and decisions of the second plenum of the CCP CC, the Soviet loan to China, the military situation in China, the city of Shanghai, and the peace talks between the CCP and Guomindang representatives.

  • July 04, 1949

    Report from the Head of the Delegation of the CC of the Chinese Communist Party, 'The Current State of the Chinese Revolution'

    Russian translation of a long Chinese report on the Chinese Civil War and the future of China. Liu Shaoqi claims that the war "will soon end in complete victory" for the Communists. He outlines plans for the Political Consultative Conference and a new central government. He also discusses the future Chinese foreign relations

  • July 06, 1949

    Report, Kovalev to Stalin

    Kovalev relays several requests made by Liu Shaoqi, Gao Gang, and Wang Jiaxiang. The requests include advice on running a communist government, that Soviet professors be sent to China, advice on how to manage Manchuria, and if China could receive a Czechoslovak trade delegation.

  • July 06, 1949

    Report from the Head of the Delegation of the Chinese Communist Party CC to Stalin

    Liu Shaoqi sends list of questions to be discussed with Stalin, and reports that the Chinese plan to study the government and civic structure of the Soviet Union.

  • July 18, 1949

    Cable, Liu Shaoqi to Mao Zedong

    A committee to write up a preliminary draft for a loan from the USSR to China is created. Stalin meets with a delegation of the CCP and answers several of their questions, including: the CCP's policy towards the Chinese national bourgeoisie, the matter of people's democratic dictatorship, Chinese foreign policy issues, Sino-Soviet relations, Xinjiang, Dalian, a Chinese University in Moscow, a railway from outer Mongolia to Zhangjiakou, and a naval school. Stalin and the CCP delegation also discussed the possibility of a war breaking out between the USSR and the US.

  • July 27, 1949

    Memorandum of Conversation between Liu Shaoqi and Stalin

    Liu Shaoqi and Stalin (among others) discuss the state of the Chinese civil war

  • August, 1949

    Liu Shaoqi to Cde. G.M. Malenkov

    Liu Shaoqi informs Malenkov that Deng Liqun will lead a team to the East Turkestan Republic and establish radio communication with Moscow and later with Peng Dehuai.

  • January 22, 1950

    Cable, Liu Shaoqi to Chairman Mao [Zedong]

    Liu Shaoqi reports to Mao Zedong that the ethnic Korean officers have arrived to bring back the ethnic Koreans to Korea. To the request of the North Korean officers in bringing back the weapons ethnic Korean officers had used, Mao responds in the affirmative.

  • January 28, 1950

    The Military Commission Agrees to Allow the 4th Field Army's Ethnic Korean Officers and Soldiers Repatriate to Korea

    Kim Il Sung will receive the ethnic Korean troops from Wuhan, China.

  • October 29, 1950

    Letter from Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong and Liu Shaoqi

    Zhou Enlai informs Mao Zedong and Liu Shaoqi on agreements made with the Soviet side regarding pilots and air defenses at Andong.

  • January 20, 1951

    Report from P. F. Yudin to I. V. Stalin on Meetings with the Leaders of the Communist Party of China, including Mao Zedong on 31 December 1950

    Yudin recounts his meetings with Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, and Zhou Enlai. In three meetings, Yudin learned more about China's relations with other communist parties in Asia, economic conditions in China, and developments in the Korean War.

  • May 06, 1951

    Memorandum of Conversation, Soviet Ambassador N. V. Roshchin with CC CCP Secretary Liu Shaoqi

    Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to the PRC Roshchin and Liu Shaoqi regarding the Guomindang (Kuomintang) and American intervention in Korea, and the question of Chinese relations with Tibet.

  • February 02, 1954

    From the Journal of Ambassador Pavel Yudin: Memorandum of Conversation between Liu Shaoqi and Zhou Enlai

    A conversation between Soviet Ambassador to China Pavel Yudin, CCP Secretary Liu Shoaqi and Prime Minister Zhou Enlai. The primary topic of discussion was the ongoing Gao Gang case, and his attempts to split the Communist Party. The cohesion and unity of the Party was of primary concern, as both feared Gao Gang's power and influence over the party may threaten the country's political stability as a whole.

  • February 13, 1954

    From the Journal of Ambassador P. F. Yudin: Record of a Conversation with Liu Shaoqi and Zhou Enlai on 13 February 1954

    Yudin records a conversation he had with Liu Shaoqi and Zhou Enlai, who described events in the "Gao Gang Affair," discussing at length the anti-party activities of Gao Gang and Rao Shushi.

  • February 26, 1954

    Letter from Liu Shaoqi to Mao Zedong

    Liu Shaoqi asks for instructions before distributing the outline of Zhou Enlai's speech on Gao Gang to cadres throughout the Communist Party.

  • March 03, 1954

    Instructions from the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party

    The Central Committee provides instructions on transmitting and discussing Zhou Enlai's speech on the Gao Gang issue.

  • March 09, 1954

    From the Journal of Ambassador Pavel Yudin: Memorandum of Conversation with Liu Shaoqi and Zhou Enlai

    A conversation between Soviet Ambassador to China Pavel Yudin, CCP Secretary Liu Shaoqi and Chinese Prime Minister Zhou Enlai. The primary topic of discussion was the Gao Gang case and the attempts to splinter the Chinese Communist Party.

  • April 08, 1955

    From the Journal of Ambassador Pavel Yudin: Memorandum of Conversation with Liu Shaoqi

    Record of conversation between Liu Shaoqi and Soviet Ambassador to China Pavel Yudin. The main topic of discussion was the subjects to be covered at the All-China Party conference, scheduled for June 1955. The conference would focus on the Gao Gang case, a new five-year-plan, and an article to be written by Chairman Mao Zedong for Lenin Days. The meeting concluded with discussion of a new political economy textbook to be distributed in Chinese.

  • November 22, 1956

    Diary of Soviet Ambassador P.F. Yudin, Memorandum of Conversation with Liu Shaoqi of 30 October 1956

    Liu Shaoqi discusses the potential withdrawal of Soviet advisors from China. Although the Chinese government was considering sending back some specialist, they did not want the abrupt removal of all specialists as happened in Yugoslavia. Liu Shaoqi also brings up the 1956 uprisings in Hungary and Poland, saying that such events were a “useful lesson for the entire communist movement.”

  • October 02, 1959

    Discussion between N.S. Khrushchev and Mao Zedong

    Khrushchev and Mao discuss current political situations in Tibet, India, Indochina and Taiwan.