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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • August, 1961

    Information and Correspondence with Cuba Regarding Visit to Bulgaria of Cuban Children (including Fidel Castro’s child)

    The Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs reports on a visit of Cuban children to Bulgaria that is to receive no publicity.

  • September 27, 1961

    Update on Cuban Children Visiting Socialist Countries

    The Ministry of Foreign Affairs updates the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party on a group of Cuban children touring socialist countries.

  • December 02, 1961

    Top Secret Bulgarian Politburo Resolution on Arms Delivery to Cuba

    A proposal from the Minister of Foreign Trade, G. Kambuliev, for the donation to Cuba of 35,000 automatic rifles, recently decommissioned by the Bulgarian military.

  • March 26, 1965

    Minutes of Todor Zhivkov – Raul Castro Meeting in Sofia

    Zhivkov lays out his perspective on the place of Bulgaria within the Communist Camp. He also talks about the Balkans and the rift between Bulgaria and Romania. Both leaders discuss the Chinese accusations of Soviet Revisionism. Raul Castro talks about the strength of the communist movements in Latin America and the prospects for successful social revolutions in Venezuela, Chile, Costa Rica, Uruguay, and Brazil.

  • June 08, 1967

    Memorandum from the Bulgarian Foreign Ministry, Regarding Relations with North Korea

    A memorandum listing the Bulgarian Communist Party's explicit interest to rebuild relations with North Korea, which dissolved in 1962 following the North Korean students incident and the declaration of the Ambassador as "person non grata."

  • August 15, 1968

    Report from the Bulgarian Ambassador in Havana, Stefan Petrov to Todor Zhivkov on the Domestic and Foreign Policy of Cuba

    The ambassador gives an assessment of the Cuban domestic and foreign policy. He characterizes Fidel Castro as an adventurer and points to certain communist party decisions that are incompatible with the Marxist-Leninist doctrine.

  • January 24, 1969

    Minutes of Todor Zhivkov – Indira Gandhi Meeting, Delhi

    The two leaders talk about Vietnam, the Arab-Israeli conflict, and the situation in Europe.

  • April 27, 1970

    Minutes of Conversation between Todor Zhivkov and Aldo Moro, Sofia, 1970

    Todor Zhivkov and the Italian Foreign Minister, Aldo Moro, discuss the political and trade relations between People’s Republic of Bulgaria and Italy. They both emphasize the need for securing a long-lasting peace on the continent.

  • September 20, 1973

    Minutes of Conversation between Todor Zhivkov – Leonid I. Brezhnev, Voden Residence [Bulgaria]

    The two leaders discuss trade agreements, the situation in the Balkans, and policies toward Yugoslavia, Romania and the PRC.

  • September 30, 1974

    Memorandum of Conversation between Todor Zhivkov and Hafez Al Assad

    The two leaders discuss the Middle East, the American involvement, and the shipment of Soviet weaponry to Syria.

  • June 11, 1975

    Todor Zhivkov’s Consultations with Soviet Experts on Relations with Romania

    Prior to his visit to Bucharest, Todor Zhivkov meets Soviet representatives in Sofia in an attempt to co-ordinate Bulgarian policy toward Romania with the Soviet government. They discuss Soviet-Romanian relations, role of Romania in the Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Romania in the Warsaw Pact and COMECON, Romania and the Non-Aligned Movement, Sino-Soviet relations, etc.

  • December 09, 1975

    Memorandum of Conversation, Todor Zhivkov – Süleyman Demirel

    The two leaders discuss Bulgarian-Turkish trade relations, initiatives for the Balkans; Greco-Turkish relations, and the issue of repatriation of Bulgarian ethnic Turks.

  • October 01, 1976

    Background on Bulgaria-Angola Bilateral Relations

    Background information on Bulgarian-Angolan bilateral relations since Angolan independence.

  • December 25, 1976

    Minutes of Conversation between Todor Zhivkov and Muammar al-Qaddafi

    Qaddafi seeks Bulgarian assistance in his attempt to close a deal with the Soviet Union for purchase of weapons and for construction of a nuclear power plant. Todor Zhivkov in turn requests a loan. Both leaders discuss the situation in Yemen, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Syria, Chad, Sudan, and Western Sahara.

  • October 01, 1978

    Policy Statement on the Bulgarian Relations with Angola, Ethiopia, Mozambique, and PDR of Yemen.

    Policy recommendations for strengthening the political and economic ties between Bulgaria and the countries of the Third World.

  • October 16, 1978

    Statements of Agostinho Neto, Samora Machel and Mengistu Haile Mariam on the Political Situation in Zimbabwe

    Statements made during Todor Zhivkov’s visit to sub-Saharan Africa, 16-19 October 1978

  • November 28, 1978

    Information on the Developments in Nicaragua

    Report which outlines the activity of leftist opposition movements in Nicaragua in their attempt to overthrow the rule of Somoza. The text gives an account of the support which various leftist opposition organizations have received from neighboring countries. According to the information, the following groups have overtly expressed discontent with the ruling regime: The Democratic Union for Liberation, the “Group of Twelve,” the Nicaraguan Democratic Movement, and the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN). Those movements have been supported politically, financially, and in some instances with military aid, by the governments of Venezuela, Mexico, Panama, Costa Rica, and Cuba. The text suggests that two factors have contributed to the escalating tension in Nicaragua – the internal struggle against the regime combined with pressures from outside, coming mainly from the USA, to keep the regime in place.

  • January 13, 1979

    Minutes of Conversation, Todor Zhivkov – Leonid Brezhnev

    Leonid Ilyich analyzes the establishment of US-Chinese diplomatic relations and recent developments in Iran and the Middle East. Todor Zhivkov talks about Bulgaria’s economic development and the Soviet cancellation of Bulgarian debt.

  • April 09, 1979

    Memorandum of Todor Zhivkov – Fidel Castro Conversation, Havana

    Memorandum of a discussion of the future of socialism in Latin America. Castro expects that the social instability of the region will lead to increased socialist influence and revolutionary movements, specifically in Nicaragua and Grenada. He cites two difficulties in his quest to help the Latin American revolutionary forces: his weapons stockpile is running low, and he has agreed to not transfer Soviet weapons to other countries.

  • 1980

    Information on the Relations between the People's Republic of Bulgaria and the Republic of Nicaragua

    Summary which details the bi-lateral exchange of cadres that has taken place between the People's Republic of Bulgaria and the Republic of Nicaragua after the establishment of the temporary government for rehabilitation of Nicaragua. The document lists the educational and military exchange initiatives that have been developed between November 1978 and October 1980.