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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • August 17, 1955

    Report, Embassy of Hungary in North Korea to the Hungarian Foreign Ministry

    Report from Pál Szarvas, Hungarian Ambassador to the DPRK, describing a meeting he had with Soviet Ambassador Vasily Ivanovich Ivanov on 29 July 1955. He talks about the unusually frank conversation they had in which the latter openly criticized the secretiveness and reservedness of the North Korean government. The Soviet Ambassador asked that the Hungarian embassy, if it shares the same opinion as the Soviets, exert pressure on the North Koreans to correct their mistakes. Szarvas, though he implies his agreement with Ivanov, suggests that no action be taken at the current time.

  • December 04, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 4 December 1955

    DPRK Vice Premier Pak Ui-wan and Minister of Construction Kim Seung-hwa report to Ivanov about the KWP CC plenum decision to expel Pak Il-u and Kim Yeol from the party and the Central Committee. The conversation touches on the issue of a group of Soviet Korean members who have been accused of supporting anti-Party reactionary writers.

  • December 06, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 6 December 1955

    Nam Il tells Ivanov that Kim Il Sung is actively working to settle the issue of citizenship among Soviet Koreans in the party. Kim acknowledges that granting them citizenship could help ease relations between them and local Koreans. Nam insists that Kim does not believe that the Soviet Koreans are ill-intentioned.

  • December 07, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 7 December 1955

    Ivanov speaks with Kim Il Sung about the proceedings of the most recent KWP CC plenum. The plenum touched upon plans to improve North Korea’s agriculture sector. Ivanov describes in length Kim’s accusation of Chinese and Soviet Korean party members of undermining the party leadership. Ivanov advises against categorizing party members as Soviet, Chinese, or local.

  • December 10, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 10 December 1955

    Nam Il explains that the shortcomings and mistakes of a few individual Soviet Korean party members have aroused hostile sentiments against Soviet Koreans as an entire group.

  • December 12, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 12 December 1955

    Ivanov meets with Chinese Ambassador Pan Zili. Pan reports that Sweden and Switzerland are working to reorganize the Neutral Nations Korean Armistice Supervisory Commission.

  • December 15, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 15 December 1955

    Ivanov tells Nam Il that the Polish government is in favor of Sweden’s and Switzerland’s proposal to reorganize the Neutral Nations Korean Armistice Supervisory Commission. Nam Il says he is still unsure about the motives of the Swedish and Swiss governments.

  • December 20, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 20 December 1955

    Nam Il and Ivanov discuss the agricultural tax and the issue of Soviet Koreans in the Party. In another meeting, Pak Jeong-ae assures Ivanov that the KWP CC is going to widely disseminate translations of speeches made by Bulganin and Khrushchev.

  • December 22, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 22 December 1955

    Nam Il explains that all Soviet Koreans are facing hostility from local Koreans due to the mistakes of a few individuals, who he says have warranted condemnation by failing to assimilate properly to political and private life in the DPRK. The two also discuss recent developments in Sweden's and Switzerland's efforts to reorganize the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission.

  • December 23, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 23 December 1955

    Ivanov meets with GDR Ambassador Richard Fischer, who reports although GDR Prime Minister Otto Grotewohl and Kim Il Sung have spoken about strengthening GDR-DPRK relations, East Germany is currently unable to supply further material aid to the DPRK.

  • December 24, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 24 December 1955

    Ambassador Ivanov speaks with Nam Il about Soviet Koreans’ citizenship and agricultural cooperatives.

  • December 29, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 29 December 1955

    Nam Il reports to Ivanov the proceedings of the most recent KWP CC Presidium. Several Soviet Korean party members, active in the literature and propaganda fields, presented their self-criticisms at the meeting.

  • 1956

    Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee Directive to Soviet Ambassador Ivanov

    A directive from the CPSU CC to the Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK asking him to familiarize the Chinese Ambassador with the contents of Ianov's discussion with Kim Il Sung.

  • 1956

    Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee Directive to Soviet Ambassador Ivanov

    The CPSU CC requests that Ianov send reports on the decisions of Korean Workers' Party Central Committee September plenary session and how the discussions of the provincial party committees are proceeding.

  • January 02, 1956

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 2 January 1956

    Ivanov writes that Kim Il Sung invited him, Military Adviser Danilov, and their wives to his home for a New Year’s lunch.

  • January 04, 1956

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 4 January 1956

    Kim Il Sung, Ivanov, and Counsellor Makarov discuss blast furnace design repairs and East German material aid.

  • January 05, 1956

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 5 January 1956

    Ivanov writes about a commissioning ceremony for textile works in Pyongyang.

  • January 07, 1956

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 7 January 1956

    Ivanov, Counsellor Petrov, and Pak Chang-ok meet Ippolitov, instructor of the technological institute. Ippolitov points out that North Korea’s ore mining industry is suffering from serious underutilization.

  • January 12, 1956

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 12 January 1956

    Chinese Ambassador Pan Zili explains to Ivanov the successes of the Communist Party of China in its implementation of its agricultural cooperative plan.

  • January 13, 1956

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 13 January 1956

    Ivanov delivers to Kim Il Sung a status report on the Soviet Embassy’s work to grant Korean citizenship to Soviet Koreans. Kim hopes that allowing Soviet Koreans to travel to and from the USSR can be used as a means to strengthen the two countries’ ties.