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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • September 15, 1960

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Raul Castro, Minister of the Armed Forces, 26 August 1960'

    Raul Castro expresses gratitude for Soviet support in the wake of American intervention in Cuba and discusses the OAS conference of ministers of foreign affairs in Costa Rica.

  • October 16, 1960

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Raul Castro, Minister of the Armed Forces of Cuba, 30 August 1960'

    Raul Castro discusses the resolution passed by the OAS in Costa Rica and American intentions to invade and support counterrevolutionaries in Cuba.

  • February 15, 1961

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Minister of Defense of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Cuba Raul Castro, 2 February 1961'

    Kudryavtsev and Raul Castro discuss the work of Soviet specialists in the MInistry of the Armed Forces in Cuba.

  • January 09, 1962

    Hungarian Embassy in Havana (Beck), Report on Deputy Foreign Minister Péter Mód’s talks with political leaders in Cuba

    Ambassador János Beck reports on Foreign Minister Péter Mód’s visit to Cuba, and with whom he met. The report is divided among four different official meetings: Foreign Minister Raul Roa, Prime Minister Fidel Castro, Carlos Rafael Rodriguez, and the Integrated Revolutionary Organizations (ORI). Beck summarizes each meeting separately. Topics include Cuba’s expectation of a US invasion and the US’s current clandestine activities, Organization of American States (OAS) and its use as a political tool in US-Latin American relations, Sino-Soviet relations, socialist unity and the importance of Soviet trade, Cuba’s perceived Soviet military advantage over the US, and the Communist Party’s development/popularity in Cuba. Many of these topics appear in various meetings outlined in the report.

  • January 11, 1962

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of a Conversation with Raul Castro, Minister of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Cuba, 16 December 1961'

    Raul Castro discusses the enlargement of the Cuban army and navy and Cuba's aim to strengthen ties with Latin American countries in the wake of the upcoming OAS conference of ministers of foreign affairs.

  • January 31, 1962

    Socialist Unity Party of Germany Central Committee (SED CC) Department of International Relations, 'Position on the publications about the Meeting of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba [CPC]'

    On 29 and 30 January 1968 the central organ of the Cuban CP, “Granma,” published the speech given by Comrade Raoul [Raúl] Castro, second secretary of the CC of the CPC, at the 3rd meeting of the CC (24-26 January 1968). In this speech, comrades from the CPSU, the SED, and the CPCz were directly attacked in connection with the measures of the CC against a “micro faction” and openly accused of conspiracy against the Cuban party leadership and of collaboration with the penalized Cuban comrades.

  • April 13, 1962

    From the Journal of S.M. Kudryavtsev, 'Record of Conversation with Raul Castro, Minister of Defense of the Republic of Cuba, 26 March 1962'

    Raul Castro reflects on difficulties in creating a United Party in Cuba, including Anibal Escalante's renegade policies.

  • June 13, 1962

    Telegram from Polish Embassy in Havana (Jeleń), 13 June 1962

    Rapacki reports on a meeting with the ORI [Organizaciones Revolucionarias Integradas], including: Fidel Castro, Raul Castro, [President Osvaldo] Dorticos [Torrado], Blas Roca, [and Emilio] Aragones [Navarro]. They discussed general issues of coordinating sugar trade, agricultural policy, policies toward the church, diplomatic visits, and the most current topic of the Escalante affair.

  • August 23, 1962

    Soviet Report on American Attempts at Disseminating Fabricated News on Cuba

    Report on the American effort to spread false rumors about the arrival of Soviet military equipments and personnel in Cuba. To counter this subversive attempt, the Cuban security organs has established full control of foreign correspondence and captured maps and intelligence reports.

  • September 11, 1962

    Telegram from Soviet Ambassador to Cuba Alekseev to the USSR MFA

    Alekseev reports on a conversation with Raul Castro where Castro reinforces the strength of the Soviet-Cuban relationship.

  • November 05, 1962

    Memorandum of Conversation between Castro and Mikoyan

    Mikoyan, Castro and the Cuban leadership firther discuss the Soviet Union’s lack of regard for the Cubans during the missile crisis and the nature of UN inspections.

  • December 01, 1962

    Order Number 1 of the Commander of the Recolutionary Armed Forces of Cuba

    Order number 1 of the Commander of the Revolutionary Armed Forces in 1962. This document is about combat, preparedness, and organization within the various units of the Armed Forces.

  • March 23, 1963

    From the Journal of A.I. Alekseyev, 'Record of a Conversation with Raul Castro Ruz, Minister of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Cuba, 6-7 January 1963'

    Alekseyev describes a conversation with Raul Castro regarding Krylov's visit to Cuba, PRC irritation, and seeming tensions with the USSR.

  • March 31, 1963

    From the Journal of A.I. Alekseyev, 'Record of a Conversation with Raul Castro Ruz, Minister of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Cuba, 27 February 1963'

    Raul Castro requests that Major [Sunyol] be given or sold an automobile while in Moscow.

  • April 03, 1963

    From the Journal of A.I. Alekseyev, 'Record of a Conversation with Raul Castro Ruz, Minister of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Cuba, 25 March 1963'

    Raul Castro reports on the OLO Leadership's decisions regarding Fidel's trip to Moscow.

  • April 03, 1963

    From the Journal of A.I. Alekseyev, 'Record of a Conversation with Raul Castro Ruz, Minister of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Cuba, 8 March 1963'

    Raul Castro reports that Fidel read one of Khrushchev's letters at an ORO meeting and approved of an article detailing Soviet withdrawal. As well, Raul requests that Alekseyev speak in favor of his trip to the USSR when meeting with Fidel.

  • April 03, 1963

    From the Journal of A.I. Alekseyev, 'Record of a Conversation with Raul Castro Ruz, Minister of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Cuba, 6 March 1963'

    Raul Castro recounts his and Fidel's early revolutionary sentiments and bemoans provocative Chinese activity undermining the world Communist movement.

  • April 05, 1963

    From the Journal of A.I. Alekseyev, 'Record of a Conversation with Raul Castro Ruz, Minister of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Cuba, 25 February 1963'

    Raul Castro discusses an initiative to send Cuban servicemen to the Soviet Union for training and Cuban leadership's decision to stop sending military specialists to China after reports of indoctrination.

  • April 05, 1963

    From the Journal of A.I. Alekseyev, 'Record of a Conversation with Raul Castro Ruz, Minister of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Cuba, 22 and 23 February 1963'

    After delivering a speech at the Soviet embassy, Raul Castro critiques the Chinese diplomats who remained seated during a toast to Khrushchev, and Alekseyev informs him of the publication of divisive Chinese news articles.

  • June 03, 1963

    From the Journal of A.I. Alekseyev, 'Record of a Conversation with Raul Castro Ruz, Minister of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Cuba, 25 March 1963'

    Fidel Castro decides on dates for his visit to the Soviet Union, discusses publicity and a potential hunting trip with Khrushchev, and requests that the details of the trip remain secret.