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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • March 11, 1985

    Minutes of a CC CPSU Politburo Session Nominating Gorbachev for General Secretary

    CC CPSU Politburo Session nominating Gorbachev for General Secretary after the death of Konstantin Ustinovich Chernenko. Many members of the politburo spoke in favor of Gorbachev for General Secretary. They make a unanimous recommendation to the Plenum of CC CPSU.

  • January, 1988

    Note by USSR Prime Minister Nikolai Ryzhkov to Mikhail Gorbachev, Attaching State Planning Committee (Gosplan) Memorandum on Soviet Expenditures in Afghanistan, January 1988

    Chart showing cost of Soviet military aid and economic aid to Afghanistan, including daily expenditures.

  • September 08, 1988

    Meeting of the Politburo of the CC CPSU, 'On the Issue of Reorganization of the Party Apparatus'

    Detailed discussion of the reorganization of all Soviet party and government divisions and organizations.

  • April 20, 1989

    CPSU Politburo Discussion on the Report of Eduard Shevardnadze Regarding the Use of Violence in Tbilisi

    Politburo meeting on the violent crisis in Georgia, based on Eduard Shevardnadze's report regarding the Tbilisi massacre.

  • January 26, 1990

    Discussion of the German Question at a Private Meeting in the Office of the CPSU CC General Secretary

    In a conversation recorded by Chernyaev, Gorbachev candidly discusses the political situation in East and West Germany, the weakness of the Socialist Unity Party (SED), and the Soviet strategy for managing German reunification.