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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 13, 1953

    Transcript of Conversation between the Soviet Leadership and Hungarian Workers’ Party Delegation in Moscow

    Discussion of the reorganization of the Hungarian government and various reforms following Stalin's death.

  • July 16, 1953

    Transcript of the Conversation between the Soviet Leadership and the Hungarian Workers' Party Delegation in Moscow

    Discussion of the reorganization of the Hungarian government and various reforms following Stalin's death.

  • July 02, 1953

    Transcript of the CPSU CC Plenum Meetings Regarding Beria’s Views on the German Question

    Malenkov, Khrushchev, and Mologov express negative opinions about Beria’s proposals about the ‘German question,’ accusing him of sympathizing with the ‘imperialist’ side in his plan for a neutral Germany. Bulganin accuses Beria of threatening the positions of the current Ministers in the Presidium if they rejected his ‘bourgeois’ proposals.

  • July 23, 1953

    Response from Molotov to the Sino-Korean Representatives

    Molotov's response to questions on the representation of the Sino-Korean side in the armistice talks, and possible issues.

  • June 22, 1954

    Letter from Nikita S. Khrushchev, First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, to Josip Broz Tito and the Central Committee of the League of Communists Of Yugoslavia

    Letter from Soviet leader Nikita S. Khrushchev to Yugoslav leader Josep B. Tito suggesting that the time is ripe for a rapprochement between the two states and parties. Blaming former NKVD chief Lavrenty Beria and former Yugoslav leadership member Milovan Djilas for doing the work of the imperialists by attempting to drive a wedge between the Soviet and Yugoslav people and parties, Khrushchev suggests that the ousting of both will increase rapprochement between the two countries and be the catalyst for a a summit between the two leaders.

  • August 11, 1954

    Letter from Tito and the Executive Committee [Politburo] of the CC LCY to Nikita Khrushchev and Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

    Yugoslav response to Soviet approaches about normalizing relations between the two countries and the two parties. While encouraged by the Soviet gestures, the Yugoslav leadership remains cautious and suggests that the rapprochement take a slow and steady course, taking into account the differences as well as the similarities between the two countries.

  • September 23, 1954

    Letter from Nikita Khrushchev, First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, to Tito and the Executive Committee of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia

    Nikita Khrushchev’s letter to Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito concerning the possibility of improving relations between the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia. The Soviet leader suggests that rapprochement between the USSR and Yugoslavia can only be accomplished if both parties continue the exchange of views regarding mutual non-interference in the internal affairs of the other country, peaceful coexistence, equality among parties, and world peace. Khrushchev goes on to suggest that a summit between party representatives should meet in order to further rapprochement.

  • September 27, 1954

    Letter from Nikita Khrushchev, First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, to Tito and the Executive Committee of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia

    The CC CPSU leadership letter of apology to the CC LCY for “an inappropriate formulation” that had escaped Soviet censors concerning the Yugoslav leadership in the second edition of the book Historical Materialism

  • January 28, 1955

    Letter to CPSU Central Committee Secretary Khrushchev, Statement of Mir Aga Azari

    This statement by Azari accuses the Democratic Party of Southern Azerbaijan's leaders of abusing their authority and expelling Party members if they criticized the actions of the leadership. He appeals to Khrushchev to do something about the nature of the party and its leaders, as well as to look into his own personal case of expulsion.

  • January 30, 1955

    Letter to Khrushchev from Political émigré Iranian Ali Reza Hekmat

    This letter from an Iranian political emigre Ali Reza Hekmat describes the series of events, such as prison and confinement sentences, that have led him to the point of asking Khrushchev for help in finding the work he had been promised upon coming to the USSR. He lists his qualifications and reasoning for his request.

  • January 31, 1955

    Central Committee Plenum of the CPSU Ninth Session, Morning

    The Soviet leadership discusses the state of Soviet foreign affairs. Khrushchev reviews Soviet policy after Stalin's death, blaming Molotov and Malenkov for mistakes in Soviet policy towards Germany. The role of executed Soviet leader Lavrentii Beria is also discussed.

  • February 08, 1955

    [Uncorrected] Transcript of a Meeting of the Party group of the USSR Supreme Soviet on 8 February 1955

    Khrushchev reads the decision of the Plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU that states that Georgy Malenkov does not have the knowledge or experience to fulfill the post of Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers. The decision lists political mistakes that Malenkov has made, including his close relationship to Lavrenti Beria. Khrushchev upholds this decision, citing examples of Malenkov's political and ideological weakness: his support for abandoning socialism in East Germany in favor of a unified, neutral Germany and his emphasis of light industry over heavy industry, among others. Malenkov speaks, accepting responsibility for his mistakes and agreeing with the CC Plenum decision. Khrushchev then nominates N. A. Bulganin to replace Malenkov as Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers and G. K. Zhukov to replace Bulganin as Minister of Defense; both nominations are accepted. Malenkov is given the posts of Minister of Electric Power Stations and Deputy Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers.

  • March 26, 1955

    Statement by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the Council of Ministers of the USSR on the Transfer of the 72nd Engineer Brigade to East Germany

    Transfer of Soviet troops and missiles to various Eastern European countries.

  • May 05, 1955

    Letter to CPSU Central Committee Secretary Khrushchev via Ram, General Secretary of the People's Party of Iran

    This letter from Ali Reza Hekmat requests housing and work in Moscow due to the fact that the agreed upon arrangements for his living and working in Tashkent did not come to fruition and worsened his health.

  • July 09, 1955

    Central Committee Plenum of the CPSU Ninth Session, Evening

    The situation in Yugoslavia is discussed, in terms of keeping Yugoslavia in close relations with the USSR and reducing its political and economic dependence on capitalist countries.

  • July 12, 1955

    Central Committee Plenum of the CPSU Ninth Session, Concluding Word by Com. N. S. Krushchev

    Khrushchev responds to the accusations raised by Cde. Molotov about the state of Soviet foreign policy. He discusses the Soviet relationship with the Yugoslav leadership, the Austrian treaty, Soviet-US relations.

  • August 02, 1955

    Letter to CPSU Central Committee Secretary Khrushchev, from Engineer and Political Émigré Mir Aga Azari

    Mir Aga Azeri, an Iranian political emigre, was expelled from the Azerbayjan Democratic Party and writes to Khrushchev regarding the unsuitable leaders of the party whom he accuses of ruining the party.

  • August 18, 1955

    Letter to CPSU Central Committee Secretary Khrushchev, from M. S. Azari  

    In this letter Mir Aga Azeria accuses the Azerbaijan SSR CC Party of expelling innocent people from within the party, and he specifically accuses Mustafayev of being involved.

  • November 11, 1955

    Record of Conversation between N. A. Bulganin, N. S. Khrushchev and A. I. Mikoyan with Norwegian Prime Minister E. Gerhardsen and Minister of Trade A. Skaug on 11 November 1955

    Gerhardsen and Skaug discuss trade between the USSR and Norway; control of the border river Pasvikelv (Paatso-Ioki) and the mutual exploitation of its hydro-energy resources; Norwegians citizens located in the Soviet Union, and Soviet-Norwegian cultural ties.

  • November 29, 1955

    Record of Conversation between N. S. Khrushchev AND A. I. Mikoyan with Prime Minister and Chairman of the Norwegian Labor Party E. Gerhardsen on 15 November 1955

    Khrushchev presents a draft agreement for maintaining contact with the Norwegian Labor Party and invites Gerhardsen and Skaug to visit the Soviet Union.