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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 29, 1949

    Report of Cde. Peng Dehuai about the Situation in Xinjiang

    Peng reports on the situation in Xinjiang following the takeover of Xinjiang by the People's Liberation Army.

  • June 04, 1950

    Ciphered Telegram from Krasovsky to Filippov [Stalin], Transmitting Peng Dehuai's Telegram

    Reports the current climate on the front lines and the decision made to proceed to the next step in their operation earlier than planned. Also reports the activities that the volunteer troops intend to conduct at this time.

  • October 10, 1950

    From the Journal of Gromyko, Memorandum on Conversation with Chinese Ambassador Peng Dehuai

    Talks about Ambassador Peng Dehuai's request to send 738 Korean students, of higher education, to Soviet summer schools.

  • October 13, 1950

    Telegram, from Gromyko to Stalin

    Account of the reception of the Chinese Ambassador Peng Dehuai. He requested that all Korean undergrad and graduate students be admitted to the Soviet summer schools, as well as Korean specialists who receive production and technical training in industrial settings the USSR (a total of 738 people). Gromyko notes that there are differences between the requests of Dehuai and Kim Il Sung, and that Dehuai has been asked to speak to Kim Il Sung, and clear up the differences.

  • October 19, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Chai Junwu

    Zhou Enlai gives instructions to the Chinese embassy in North Korea, stating that the main purpose of the embassy’s work is keeping in contact with the North Korean government and following the North Korean government’s actions.

  • November 08, 1950

    Telegram from Zhou Enlai to Chai Junwu, Peng Dehuai, and Gao Gang

    Zhou Enlai attempts to arrange a meeting between Kim Il Sung and two Chinese leaders, Peng Dehuai and Gao Gang, to discuss military operations and arrangements.

  • November 12, 1950

    Cable, Zhou Enlai to Chai Junwu

    Zhou Enlai instructs Chai Junwu to ask Kim Il Sung to change the wording of his statement at the Central Committee of the Motherland's United Front meeting, and also to ask whether Chai can accompany Kim in his visit to Peng Dehuai.

  • November 13, 1950

    Record of a Conversation with the DPRK Ambassador Peng Dehuai

    Clearing up the differences in the requests made by Peng Dehuai and Kim Il Sung: they're requesting that a portion of the Korean students be trained to be pilots, and another 50 students be trained to be radio operators. They're also requesting that a portion of Soviet citizens of Korean ethnicity, living on USSR territory, be trained as pilots, tank drivers and radio operators.

  • November 17, 1950

    Ciphered telegram, Zhou Enlai to Filippov (Stalin)

    Request from Zhou Enlai to Stalin for the rapid transfer of automobiles from Soviet forces on the Liaodong Peninsula rather than the Chinese rear.

  • November 17, 1950

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to Peng Dehuai

    Mao Zedong informs Peng Dehuai and Gao Gang that Stalin has approved of a single central command led by the Chinese, and that they are now waiting to see how Kim Il Sung will respond.

  • December 08, 1950

    Draft Agreement by the Party Central Committee on Establishing a Sino-North Korea Joint Headquarters

    The agreement establishes a Joint Headquarters between the Chinese and North Korean sides that will command the North Korean People's Army, the Chinese People's Volunteer Army, and all guerrilla forces, and details the leadership and specific powers and operations of the Joint Headquarters.

  • December 12, 1950

    Report from Zhou Enlai to Mao Zedong

    Zhou Enlai sends detailed reports to Mao Zedong on new recruits from the Northeast; the replenishment of military supplies; the distribution of Soviet infantry weapons; the repair of railways and transportation; the condition of airports in North Korea; the use of artillery and tank units; and the stationing of command posts.

  • January 05, 1951

    Ciphered Telegram from Mao Zedong to Filippov [Stalin] Relaying a Letter from Peng Dehuai

    Peng Dehuai informs Stalin of what was happening on the front lines, and the status of the their armies and the opposing ones.

  • January 13, 1951

    Ciphered telegram, Roshchin to USSR Foreign Ministry

    Message to Stalin from Roshchin informing him of the Chinese receipt of one of his earlier telegrams and informing him of an invitation to Beijing to Kim Il Sung and Peng Dehuai from Mao.

  • January 27, 1951

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to I.V. Stalin, Conveying the 19 January 1951 Telegram from Peng Dehuai to Mao Zedong regarding Meetings with Kim Il Sung

    The telegram from Peng Dehuai discusses the results of a meeting with Kim Il Sung, including Kim Il Sung’s belief that the Korean People’s Army cannot defeat the Americans alone, the defense of the Korea's coast, the re-staffing of five corps, and preparations for soldiers to carry out work in the newly liberated areas.

  • February 08, 1952

    Ciphered Telegram No. 16293 from Mao Zedong to Stalin, conveying 22 January 1952 telegram from Peng Dehuai to Mao and 4 February 1952 reply from Mao to Peng Dehuai

    Mao conveys two telegrams to Stalin: one from Peng Dehuai to Mao (22 January 1952) and the other is Mao’s response (4 February 1952). The telegrams discuss North Korea’s need for aid from China.

  • March 08, 1952

    Ciphered Telegram from Gromyko to either Mao Zedong or Zhou Enlai via the Soviet Ambassador

    Telegram relaying their doubt for the feasibility of Peng Dehuai's plan to lead a private operation against one of the American divisions.

  • September 02, 1952

    Report, Zhou Enlai to the Chairman [Mao Zedong] and the Central Committee

    Zhou Enlai and Peng Dehuai try to persuade Kim Il Sung to fight until the United States proposes negotiations.

  • September 04, 1952

    Record of a Conversation between Stalin, Kim Il Sung, Pak Heon-yeong, Zhou Enlai, and Peng Dehuai

    Soviet, Chinese, and North Korean officials discuss the military situation in Korea and the status of armistice talks.

  • July 03, 1953

    Telegram of the Soviet Chargé to the PRC to the Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers

    After acknowledging Syngman Rhee's solitary role in blocking the passage of the armistice agreement, Peng Dehuai and Kim Il Sung draft a response to General Clark.