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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June, 1961

    Record of proceedings between the Soviet KGB and the Interior Ministry of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic on the expansion of intelligence cooperation

    This document chronicles what was discussed between the KGB and Czechoslovak Interior Ministry concerning the coordination of intelligence and counter-intelligence acquisition and joint implementation of some of these measures. Global foreign policy and intelligence measures are discussed in places as diverse as the USA, NATO countries, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, the Vatican, Guatemala, Cuba, the Congo, Angola, Indonesia, India, England and France. The Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the Soviet Union pledge to fight perceived imperialist threats from the USA in Latin America, Africa, the Near and Middle East and Southeast Asia. The document lists companies of interest to the two parties, primarily scientific, armament and machine factories and companies.

  • February 28, 1967

    Telegram from Ambassador Trivedi on Eighteen Nation Committee on Disarmament

    Discussion of the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones.

  • November 28, 1978

    Information on the Developments in Nicaragua

    Report which outlines the activity of leftist opposition movements in Nicaragua in their attempt to overthrow the rule of Somoza. The text gives an account of the support which various leftist opposition organizations have received from neighboring countries. According to the information, the following groups have overtly expressed discontent with the ruling regime: The Democratic Union for Liberation, the “Group of Twelve,” the Nicaraguan Democratic Movement, and the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN). Those movements have been supported politically, financially, and in some instances with military aid, by the governments of Venezuela, Mexico, Panama, Costa Rica, and Cuba. The text suggests that two factors have contributed to the escalating tension in Nicaragua – the internal struggle against the regime combined with pressures from outside, coming mainly from the USA, to keep the regime in place.

  • April 09, 1979

    Memorandum of Todor Zhivkov – Fidel Castro Conversation, Havana

    Memorandum of a discussion of the future of socialism in Latin America. Castro expects that the social instability of the region will lead to increased socialist influence and revolutionary movements, specifically in Nicaragua and Grenada. He cites two difficulties in his quest to help the Latin American revolutionary forces: his weapons stockpile is running low, and he has agreed to not transfer Soviet weapons to other countries.

  • June 25, 1979

    Soviet Ambassador to Cuba V.I. Vorotnikov, Memorandum of Conversation with Fidel Castro

    Memorandum of conversation between Soviet Ambassador Vorotnikov and Fidel Castro

  • July 05, 1979

    CPSU CC Protocol #166/31, 05 July 1979

    Concerns the struggle in Nicaragua.

  • 1980

    Information on the Relations between the People's Republic of Bulgaria and the Republic of Nicaragua

    Summary which details the bi-lateral exchange of cadres that has taken place between the People's Republic of Bulgaria and the Republic of Nicaragua after the establishment of the temporary government for rehabilitation of Nicaragua. The document lists the educational and military exchange initiatives that have been developed between November 1978 and October 1980.

  • March 14, 1980

    CPSU CC Resolution, 14 March 1980

    This resolution and the attached documents give the plans for future Soviet cooperation with the Sandinista National Liberation Front in Nicaragua.

  • April 18, 1980

    CPSU CC Memo of 18 April 1980 and attached Protocol of 17 March 1980

    These documents deal with the planned relations between the USSR and the Sandinista National Liberation Front.

  • May, 1980

    CPSU CC Decree, May 1980

    The decree discusses Soviet cooperation with the Sandinistas in the areas of radio communications and combating illiteracy.

  • May 29, 1980

    Protocol #213/39, 29 May 1980

    This protocol gives the specifics of Soviet cooperation with the Sandinistas, especially in terms of propaganda (films, photography, Marxist-Leninist literature, etc.).

  • March 12, 1981

    Hungarian Embassy in Nicaragua, Telegram, 'DPRK aid to Nicaragua'

    The Hungarian Embassy in Nicaragua notes the arrival of a North Korean cultural delegation and comments on the DPRK's government plans to help with construction in Nicaragua.

  • June 02, 1981

    Letter by the President of the Socialist International, Brandt, to the Chairman of the Committee of the SI for Defence of the Revolution in Nicaragua, González

    Willy Brandt's letter is about the establishment of the Nicaragua solidarity committee, which took place in Madrid in 1981. Brandt states the importance of the new rule of law in Nicaragua and concerns on Socialist International's involvement in the country.

  • June 16, 1981

    Memorandum of Conversation with Ricardo Uilock, Nicaragua's Ambassador to Bulgaria

    Memorandum highlighting recent developments in countries of Central Latin America. The information has been received from the Nicaraguan Ambassador to Bulgaria, after a visit to Budapest where he has met with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Nicaragua. The document summarizes political developments that have taken place in the following countries: El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, and Nicaragua.

  • November 23, 1981

    Transcript of Meeting between US Secretary of State Alexander M. Haig, Jr., and Cuban Vice Premier Carlos Rafael Rodriguez, Mexico City

    Memorandum of conversation taken during the secret meeting between Alexander Haig and Cuban Vice Premier arranged by Carlos R. Rodriguez, Mexican Foreign Minister, in Mexico City

  • 1982

    Excerpts from ''Ordnance: Chronology of Historical Events, Volume 2''

    Excerpts from an internal Vietnamese army history which describes the shipment of weapons internationally, likely to aid revolutionaries in Latin America. Also describes a visit by the military attaché of the Cuban embassy in Vietnam to the weapons warehouse.

  • November 09, 1982

    Information from the Bulgarian Communist Party Regarding the visit of the Secretary General of the Communist Party of Honduras – Rigoberto Padilla

    Summary of recent developments in the formation of a unified leftist movement in Honduras lead by the country’s communist party, in an attempt to counter the “imperial” influence of the USA. The text suggests that various pro-communist movements within Central Latin America have formed, and have started to cooperate with the intent to create a network. The Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) and the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) have played most prominent role in this endeavor. The Honduras Communist party has worked internally in the direction of creating a strong consolidated left wing movement. The document mentions future plans for mutual cooperation between the Bulgarian Communist Party and the Honduras Communist Party.

  • November 12, 1982

    Letter from Daniel Ortega Saavedra of the Sandinista National Liberation Front to Todor Zhivkov

  • July 11, 1983

    Information from the Bulgarian Communist Party Regarding the Visit of the Delegation of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) to Bulgaria

    Information summarizing the objectives of a visit of the FSLN delegation, headed by Baiardo Arse [name is spelled phonetically], to Bulgaria. The visit, which took place from 28 June to July 3 1983, aimed at exchanging information and ideas on ways to reform FSLN, in order to transform the Front into an avant-garde Marxist-Leninist party. The document describes the political and economic pressure exerted by the Reagan administration on a number of Central and Latin American countries, in order to decrease the support for the Front and other leftist revolutionary movements. According to the information FSLN responded to these measures by consolidating and strengthening its army, and national militia; maintaining transparency and political pluralism; strengthening the cooperative and state economic sector, and redirecting trade to new markets, mainly in the socialist community.

  • November 20, 1984

    Information on Changes in the Strategic and Tactical Struggle of the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMNL)

    A description of measures taken by the military leadership of FMNL to improve the organized struggle in Central America, in terms of creating opportunities for large-scale operations intended to lead to the ultimate defeat of the enemy – the government-supported army of El Salvador. The information was compiled based on sources of the Vietnamese Embassy in Havana, and with the cooperation of the Cuban comrades. According to the document, a decision was made to regroup military units from small squads to battalions and brigades. Following this course, the partisan movements earned considerable success in 1984, but their actions easy to trace due to the size of the new formations. As a result the Front’s combat units, hospitals and supply bases suffered severe blows. The situation at hand required that FMNL reassess its strategy and make important changes in accord with the anticipated victory of the Sandinista movement in Nicaragua and that of Reagan in the US. The document states that FMNL’s leadership switched its strategic and tactical line and reverted to armed struggle conducted by small mobile squads. This change aided the suppression of the government armed forces’ offensive.