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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • November 11, 1955

    Record of Conversation between N. A. Bulganin, N. S. Khrushchev and A. I. Mikoyan with Norwegian Prime Minister E. Gerhardsen and Minister of Trade A. Skaug on 11 November 1955

    Gerhardsen and Skaug discuss trade between the USSR and Norway; control of the border river Pasvikelv (Paatso-Ioki) and the mutual exploitation of its hydro-energy resources; Norwegians citizens located in the Soviet Union, and Soviet-Norwegian cultural ties.

  • November 15, 1955

    Record of Conversation between N. S. Khrushchev AND A. I. Mikoyan with Norwegian Prime Minister E. Gerhardsen and Minister of Trade A. Skaug on 15 November 1955

    The Soviet side provides information regarding missing Norwegian citizens. They then discuss the draft communique regarding trade and cooperation between Norway and the Soviet Union.

  • November 29, 1955

    Record of Conversation between N. S. Khrushchev AND A. I. Mikoyan with Prime Minister and Chairman of the Norwegian Labor Party E. Gerhardsen on 15 November 1955

    Khrushchev presents a draft agreement for maintaining contact with the Norwegian Labor Party and invites Gerhardsen and Skaug to visit the Soviet Union.

  • September 29, 1957

    L.H.K. Report No. 6 from Lincoln Hoon Kim to Francesca Rhee

    Minister Kim briefs Mrs. Rhee on the Japanese Asian development plan, Philippines' attempt to bid for the SEATO post of Secretary-general, and Philippines' membership of the International Atomic Energy Agency.

  • February 26, 1958

    Albert Morskif, 'Record of a Dinner at General Secretary of MoFA Mr Skylstad on Feb. 25, 1958'

    Representatives of Poland, the USSR, Finland, Austria, and Norway discuss the Rapacki Plan. Mr. Skylstad stresses the importance of reduction of conventional forces while expressing his support for the plan.

  • March 28, 1958

    Code Message No. 3794 from Ambassador Pietkiewicz in Helsinki to Ogrodziński and Birecki

    Ambassador Pietkiewicz writes to Ogrodziński and Birecki to inform them about the stance of Scandinavian countries towards the Rapacki Plan. Representatives from Sweden, Norway, and Finland expressed support and were interested in more information or further discussion on the matter.

  • January 31, 1962

    Research Memorandum REU-25 from Roger Hilsman to Mr. Kohler, 'European Attitudes on Independent Nuclear Capability'

    Concerns about the credibility of US nuclear deterrence generated Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) General Lauris Norstad’s proposal for a NATO-controlled medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) force. This lengthy report represented INR’s assessment of “present and future European interest in national or multinational nuclear weapons capabilities,” including the MRBM proposal, and the extent to which an “enhancement of NATO's nuclear role” could “deter national or multinational European nuclear weapons programs.”

  • November 01, 1962

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Cuba, 'The Cuban Foreign Trade Minister Expressed Thanks to China'

    A conversation between Chargé d’Affaires Huang Wenyou and Cuban Foreign Trade Minister, Alberto Mora Becerra. They discussed China-Cuba relations (Chinese support of Cuba) and an incident in which Chinese comrades forced a Norwegian ship to go to Cuba.

  • December 03, 1968

    Letter from Dutch Embassy in Moscow to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'North Korean Overtures'

    The Dutch Ambassador reports on North Korean overtures such as sending propaganda and an invitation to a cocktail-laced viewing of a movie about the USS Pueblo (which was ignored). Having inquired with other NATO countries' representatives it turned out that only the Luxemburg representative received the same literature while only the Norwegian representative was invited to the cocktail party.

  • October 18, 1976

    Press Release of the Royal Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Announcement that all North Korean Embassy personnel in Oslo have been asked to leave the country following reports of smuggling through the embassy.

  • October 18, 1976

    Telegram to the Embassy in Pyongyang, 'Deportation North Korean Diplomats'

    Two press releases on the discovery of smuggling activities by personnel at the North Korean Embassy in Oslo.

  • October 18, 1976

    Letter from Norwegian Police Security Service to Foreign Ministry, 'The North Korean Embassy - Illegal Import and Distribution of Spirits, Cigarettes, etc.'

    Surveillance of the North Korean Embassy in Oslo discovered it was the source of illegal import and distribution of spirits and cigarettes, and the illegal activities were directed by the North Korean Foreign Ministry.

  • October 19, 1976

    Letter from Willum Steen, Police Security Service, to Sverre Gjellum, Minister of Foreign Affairs, 'North Korean Embassy - Illegal Import and Distribution of Spirits, Cigarettes, etc.'

    Cover letter with notes submitted to the Minister of Foreign Affairs.

  • October 19, 1976

    Notes to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, 'Smuggling - North Korea's Embassy'

    Chargé d’affaires of the North Korean Embassy in Oslo is informed that all embassy personnel (including the ambassador) must leave the country following the discovery of wide-scale smuggling activities.

  • October 19, 1976

    The President's Daily Brief, October 19, 1976

    The CIA reports that Norway and Denmark have expelled North Korean diplomats for smuggling alcohol and tobacco.

  • October 21, 1976

    Dispatch from the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the Embassy in Beijing, 'North Korea's Embassy in Oslo'

    Norway will not reverse its decision to expel the current North Korean embassy staff. Visas have been received and approved for new staff.

  • October 21, 1976

    Telegram from Norwegian Embassy in Bonn, 'Smuggling at North Korea's Embassies'

    Summary of reports in German newspapers on North Korea embassies smuggling activities in Nordic countries.

  • October 21, 1976

    Telegram from the Embassy in Beijing, 'Smuggling at North Korean Embassy in Oslo'

    The North Korean Ambassador in Beijing protests that North Korean embassy personnel in Oslo were expelled without consultation of the North Korean government.

  • October 21, 1976

    Chairman of the Central Information Group to the Deputy Minister

    Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland expelled all embassy workers from DPRK, accusing them of smuggling weapons, alcohol and cigarettes.The Chairman of the Central Information Group (Zentrale Auswertungs- und Informationsgruppe) of the GDR requests the Deputy Minister check all Korean embassy workers, including diplomats and their relative, and to keep them under careful surveillance.

  • October 22, 1976

    Letter from Norwegian Information Service in the United States to Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 'Facsimile - North Korean Smuggling in Scandinavia'

    Newspaper articles from the United States report on North Korean smuggling activities in Nordic embassies.