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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 14, 1945

    TASS Report Distributed to Cdes. I.V. Stalin, V.M. Molotov, A.I. Mikoyan, L.P. Beria, G.M. Malenkov, and A. Ya. Vyshinsky, 'Expressen Comments on Rumors of an Illness of Comrade Stalin'

    Swedish newspaper Expressen suggests that Western rumors surrounding Stalin's diminishing health will only get worse unless TASS, or some other authoritative Russian source, clearly refutes them.

  • January 21, 1953

    VGU Information on Activities of the Swiss, Belgian, Dutch and Swedish Intelligences Services

    Report on the intelligence activities of some Western governments in Sofia. The report identifies the main areas of interest of the foreign intelligence services, names of some agents and names of collaborators.

  • October 12, 1955

    Letter, Kim Yong-shik of the Korean Mission in Japan to President Syngman Rhee

    Report on Lagerfelt's plan of visit to ROK

  • December 12, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 12 December 1955

    Ivanov meets with Chinese Ambassador Pan Zili. Pan reports that Sweden and Switzerland are working to reorganize the Neutral Nations Korean Armistice Supervisory Commission.

  • December 15, 1955

    Letter, Kim Yong-shik of the Korean Mission in Japan to President Syngman Rhee

    Call from Swedish Ministers in Japan on the agreement for the establishment of Korean National Medical Center

  • December 15, 1955

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK V. I. Ivanov for 15 December 1955

    Ivanov tells Nam Il that the Polish government is in favor of Sweden’s and Switzerland’s proposal to reorganize the Neutral Nations Korean Armistice Supervisory Commission. Nam Il says he is still unsure about the motives of the Swedish and Swiss governments.

  • March 18, 1957

    Letter, Young Kee Kim to Chung Hwan Cho

    Minister Kim briefs Minister Cho on the textile trade between Japan and Philippines and the Artists' goodwill mission to Manila.

  • May 25, 1957

    Collection of Reports from Polish Military Attaches Around the World

    Reports from Washington, Ottawa, Cairo, Berlin, Brussells, Rome, Stockholm, and Helsinki discussing events that occurred from January-May 1957. Most of the contents revolved around meetings with other foreign officials and actions of embassy's host country.

  • May 31, 1957

    Department of State Office of Intelligence Research, 'OIR Contribution to NIE 100-6-57: Nuclear Weapons Production by Fourth Countries – Likelihood and Consequences'

    This lengthy report was State Department Bureau of Intelligence and Research's contribution to the first National Intelligence Estimate on the nuclear proliferation, NIE 100-6-57. Written at a time when the United States, the Soviet Union, and the United Kingdom were the only nuclear weapons states, the “Fourth Country” problem referred to the probability that some unspecified country, whether France or China, was likely to be the next nuclear weapons state. Enclosed with letter from Helmut Sonnenfeldt, Division of Research for USSR and Western Europe, to Roger Mateson, 4 June 1957, Secret

  • January 07, 1958

    Code Message No. 337 from Deputy Minister Nazkowski to Szymanowski (Stockholm)

    Deputy Minister Marian Naszkowski offers guidance for swaying public opinion in Sweden in favor of the Rapacki plan.

  • March 28, 1958

    Code Message No. 3794 from Ambassador Pietkiewicz in Helsinki to Ogrodziński and Birecki

    Ambassador Pietkiewicz writes to Ogrodziński and Birecki to inform them about the stance of Scandinavian countries towards the Rapacki Plan. Representatives from Sweden, Norway, and Finland expressed support and were interested in more information or further discussion on the matter.

  • June 05, 1958

    Code Message No. 7163 from Ambassador Szymanowski in Stockholm to Birecki

    Szymanowski presents the Swedish position on the Rapacki Plan, which is in support of further discussion with the great powers. He also discusses Swedish foreign policy on the German question, nuclear weapons development, and Swedish domestic politics.

  • November 27, 1958

    Code Message No. 15023 from Ambassador Szymanowski in Stockholm to Birecki

    The ambassador in Sweden reports on a conversation with Unden, the Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs. Sweden has some interest in the Plan in its new form, but not directly. Unden is worried about the FRG posing as an obstacle to the Plan.

  • January 07, 1959

    Code Message No. 234 from Ambassador Szymanowski in Stockholm to Birecki

    The ambassador in Sweden recounts his conversation with Astrom, director of the political department of the Swedish MoFA. Astrom mentions his desire to prevent the Plan from becoming overwhelmed amidst the Germany debate, along with his desire that negotiations do not take place with the Soviets.

  • May 17, 1961

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Sweeden, 'Swedish News Publications’ Comments on the South Korean Coup'

    The Chinese Embassy in Sweden summarizes the reaction in the local press to the coup in South Korea.

  • October 29, 1962

    Cable from Swiss observer at the United Nations (Thalmann) to the Swiss Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    A cable from Swiss observer at the United Nations (Thalmann) to the Swiss Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the composition of a UN inspection team being sent to Cuba and to say that a definitive decision will possibly not be made until after U Thant’s return to New York.

  • October 29, 1962

    Cable from Swiss observer at the United Nations (Thalmann) to the Swiss Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    The UN inspection team for the supervision of the dismantling of the Soviet bases was to be made up of representatives from Sweden, Mexico and Switzerland. Switzerland feels uncomfortable with being included in the mandate, due to their representation of American interests in Cuba.

  • November 09, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Delegation at the UN General Assembly, New York, 2:30 p.m., Friday

    In the XVII session of the General Assembly of the UN, the Delegates from Canada, Sweden, and Ghana referred exhaustively to the Brazilian draft about denuclearization of Latin America and expressed support to the ideas it contains.

  • June 23, 1963

    National Intelligence Estimate NIE 4-63, 'Likelihood and Consequences of a Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Systems'

    This NIE comes to the general conclusions that “there will not be a widespread proliferation of nuclear weapons over the next 10 years” and discusses programs in various countries (Israel, China, Sweden, India, West Germany, Japan, etc.) This copy includes newly declassified references to the Israeli nuclear weapons program, including the conclusion that “the Israelis, unless deterred by outside pressure, will attempt to produce a nuclear weapon some time in the next several years.”

  • August 28, 1963

    Research Memorandum REU-56 from Thomas L. Hughes to the Secretary, 'Sweden Still Faces Question of Acquiring Nuclear Weapons'

    Based on the evidence, mainly various statements made by leading politicians, diplomats, and policymakers, INR experts concluded that most of the countries surveyed (Italy, Belgium, Netherlands, and Greece) were “relatively satisfied,” while only West Germany was “restive” to the extent that some of its officials were interested in a NATO or European nuclear force