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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • July 07, 1945

    Record of a Meeting Between T. V. Soong and Stalin

    Stalin and Dr. Soong continue their discussions on Outer Mongolia, Soong reports Chian Kai-Shek's intention to preserve the status quo of Outer Mongolia according to the Yalta agreement. Stalin and Soong end their meeting in disagreement.

  • December 01, 1949

    From the Diary of N.V. Roshchin, Memorandum of Conversation with Prime Minister Zhou Enlai on 15 November 1949

    Conversation between Soviet Ambassador Roshchin and Chinese Premier Enlai. Zhou Enlai puts forth some future military plans of the PLA. Specifically, the plans to enter Tibet following liberation in Xinjiang and Sichuan, and to attack Hainan are discussed. He adds that the losses incurred in the Battle of Shantou will inform the eventual attack on Formosa.

  • January 22, 1950

    Record of Talks between I.V. Stalin and Chairman of the Central People's Government of the People’s Republic of China Mao Zedong

    Conversation between Stalin and Mao concerning a proposed treaty of friendship and alliance between the USSR and China. Discussion includes: the prospects of future Japanese aggression, the Chinese-Eastern Railway (Mao and Stalin disagree on who should run its administration), the Port Arthur agreements (including the question of the port of Dalny), and economic cooperation. The economic cooperation focuses on a Soviet credit program for economic development in China, as well as the question of arms shipments to China. There is also discussion of Tibet.

  • November 24, 1950

    Cable from the Chinese Foreign Ministry, 'Report on Negotiations regarding the Tibet issue between China and India'

    The Chinese Foreign Ministry reports on the Sino-Indian Negotiation over Tibet, and claims that India intends to interfere in the PRC's internal affairs.

  • May 06, 1951

    Memorandum of Conversation, Soviet Ambassador N. V. Roshchin with CC CCP Secretary Liu Shaoqi

    Conversation between Soviet Ambassador to the PRC Roshchin and Liu Shaoqi regarding the Guomindang (Kuomintang) and American intervention in Korea, and the question of Chinese relations with Tibet.

  • October 08, 1951

    Conversation from [Mao Zedong's] Audience with the Tibetan Tribute Mission

    Mao promises that the CCP will protect religious freedom and assist with development in Tibet.

  • November 27, 1951

    Meeting Minutes between Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Zhang Hanfu and Indian Commisioner T.N. Kaul

    Zhang Hanfu and Kaul discuss the grain trade between China and India, the situation at the border following the PRC's incorporation of Tibet, and the arrangements for Zhang Hanfu to attend the International Industrial Expo in Bombay

  • May 23, 1952

    Despatch No. 652, American Consulate, Calcutta, India, to the Department of State, Washington, 'Transmitting Memorandum of Conversation between Consular Office and Prince Peter of Greece regarding Tibet'

    US Consular Office William Gibson and Prince Peter of Greece discuss developments in Tibet and Indo-Tibetan trade. Princess Irene offers unflattering views on a group of White Russian refugees who exited Xinjiang via Kalimpong and later immigrated to the United States. In a cover note, Evan M. Wilson dismisses Irene's comments but notes that Prince Peter's information was 'quite accurate.'

  • June 23, 1952

    Meeting Minutes between Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai and Indian Commissioner T.N. Kaul

    Zhang Hanfu and Kaul discuss the Tibet issue as well as prisoners of war from the Korean War.

  • June 23, 1952

    Summary of Conversation between Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai and Indian Commissioner T.N. Kaul

    Zhang Hanfu and K.M. Panikkar discuss the status of Tibet between China and India.

  • September 03, 1952

    Minutes of Conversation between I.V. Stalin and Zhou Enlai

    Conversation between Stalin and Zhou Enlai on the Chinese Five-Year Plan, the Ulan-Bator-Pinditsiuan railroad, and arms sales/production. They also discussed the Korean war, Burma, and Tibet.

  • September 06, 1953

    Cable from Ambassador Yuan Zhongxin, 'Minutes of Meeting between R.K. Nehru and Ambassador Yuan'

    The Chinese ambassador to India reports that he and Nehru discussed Indian privileges in Tibet, the use of radios and guns by Indian commercial representatives in Tibet, and the issue of garrison relief.

  • October 03, 1953

    Aide Memoire from the Government of India, Ministry of External Affairs

    India agrees in principle to withdraw their Military Escorts in Tibet and proposed conversation between the two governments at the earliest opportunity

  • October 21, 1953

    Cable from Zhang Jingwu, 'On Issues of Relations between China and India in Tibet'

    Zhang Jingwu reports on the Simla Accord and the McMahon line running between India and Tibet, and offers policy recommendations.

  • April 29, 1954

    Agreement between the Republic of India and the People's Republic of China on Trade and Intercourse between the Tibet Region of China and India

    China and India put forth the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, which call for mutual respect for each other's territorial integrity and sovereignty, mutual non-aggression, mutual non-interference in each other's internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful co-existence.

  • October 21, 1954

    Minutes of Chairman Mao Zedong’s Conversation with Nehru at the Banquet Hosted by the Indian Ambassador

    Mao Zedong and Nehru talked about mutual cooperation and the Tibetan issue. Mao stated that cooperation has to be mutually beneficial. He then promised a small number of troops to guard Tibet, and Ambassador Raghavan replied that India trusts China on the Tibet issue.

  • October 21, 1954

    Talking Points from Premier Zhou Enlai’s Third Meeting with Nehru

    Zhou Enlai and Nehru discuss Sino-Indian relations, as well as China and India's views toward Thailand, Indonesia, Korea, Vietnam, and Ceylon (Sri Lanka).

  • March 21, 1955

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1955, No. 3 (Overall Issue No. 6)

    This issue features several State Council decisions that pertained to Tibet, including one that established a preliminary committee for the region. It also covers their response to a report from officials who accompanied the Dalai Lama in March 1955 during his nearly yearlong visit to China. Other records discuss topics such as education and the possible reduction of personnel on the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission for Korea.

  • April 30, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 16 (Overall Issue No. 42)

    This issue includes congratulatory telegrams from Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, and Zhou Enlai, which applaud the establishment of a Preparatory Committee for the Tibet Autonomous Region. It also features instructions to prevent forest fires and improve the working conditions of intellectuals. One section discusses admitting new students into summer normal (pedagogical) schools via exams; other reports address provincial administrative concerns.

  • October 10, 1956

    Gazette of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, 1956, No. 36 (Overall Issue No. 62)

    This issue begins with a Sino-Egyptian agreement to promote cultural cooperation. It also outlines organizational guidelines for the Preparatory Committee of the Tibet Autonomous Region. Other sections cover emergency relief for professional folk art performance troupes, holding performances, and various provincial administrative concerns.