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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • February 17, 1952

    Report by Sir Robert Bruce Lockhart on his visit to Radio Free Europe, Munich

    Sir Robert Bruce Lockhart - head of the World War II Political Warfare Executive who later had a highly popular BBC weekly program in Czech - visited RFE with BBC Central European chief Gregory Macdonald between January 29 and February 1, 1952. Reviewing personalities, attitudes, and operations in Munich, Lockhart concluded that RFE had made progress in its first year, that its broadcasters were happy to be separated geographically from émigré politicians in the US, but that RFE faced the challenge of keeping the spark of hope alive in Eastern Europe without instigating revolt. It also faced the challenge of emerging German sovereignty, which Lockhart thought would force RFE to relocate to another country. Accompanying Foreign Office memoranda generally endorsed Lockhart conclusions. Information Research Department official F.C. Stacey cautioned that “the need for sensational stories of RFE activities” for the domestic US audience might result in irresponsible RFE broadcasts.

  • June 24, 1955

    Report by Sir Bruce Robert Lockhart on Radio Free Europe

    Sir Robert Bruce Lockhart reports to the Foreign Office on his second visit to RFE (again accompanied by BBC Central European chief Gregory Macdonald) between July 5 and July 8, 1955. Lockhart positively evaluated broadcasts as more responsible than in 1952 and gave high marks to the content of the leaflets dispatched to Czechoslovakia by balloon and mail. He found staff unsettled by RFE’s change of status following the restoration of German sovereignty, did not think RFE could long survive in Munich, and would advise it to relocate of its own volition before it was forced out of Germany

  • December 05, 1960

    Dispute Over Personnel Policy and Practices Culminates in Resignation of Radio Free Europe Top Management

    The Munich Consulate-General provides its appraisal of turmoil in the RFE Czechoslovak Service and the ensuing replacement of the American management at RFE Munich

  • May 04, 1964

    Information Note from the Foreign Information Section of the ''Securitate'' with regard to the different opinions made public on Radio Free Europe concerning "The Policy of Independence of Romania."

    A description of correspondence between the Paris and Munich bureaux of Radio Free Europe (RFE) on whether or not Romanian political and economic policies constituted a signal that Romania was asserting its independence from the USSR

  • April, 1966

    Concerning the Instructions to the Soviet Representatives at the 64th Session of the International Olympic Committee

    Discussion of the upcoming vote for the location of the 1972 Olympic Games, including the possibility of Moscow bidding to host them.

  • April 01, 1966

    Central Council of the Union of USSR Sports Societies and Organizations Report on the 64th Session of the International Olympic Committee

    Voting instructions, and the reasoning behind them, for the locations of the 1972 summer and winter Olympic Games.

  • April 02, 1966

    Decree of the Secretariat of the CC of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Instructions to the Soviet Representatives of the 64th Session of the International Olympic Committee in April 1966

    Voting instructions for the location of the 1972 summer and winter Olympic Games.

  • April 04, 1966

    Central Council of the Union of USSR Sports Societies and Organizations Report on the 64th Session of the International Olympic Committee

    Instructions to request a delay in the vote for the 1972 Olympic Games in order to allow Moscow to submit a bid to host them.

  • September 17, 1970

    Concerning the Note of the GDR Ambassador in the USSR 'Regarding Several Pressing Political Issues in Connection with the Preparation of the 20th Summer Olympic Games in Munich and Kiel in 1972'

    The East German ambassador passes along concerns that the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich will be used by West Germany for anti-socialist purposes.

  • April 25, 1981

    Minutes of Meeting between Czechoslovak and Hungarian Interior Ministry Officials on the Carlos Terrorist Group and Radio Free Europe Bomb Attack

    A bomb exploded outside the RFE building in Munich on February 21, 1981, severely injuring several employees and causing major physical damage. This document, and others like it, indicates that the Ceausescu regime commissioned the “Carlos group” to carry out the attack. The Carlos group was then resident in Budapest, and this document indicates that the Hungarian Interior Ministry had advance knowledge of the bombing.

  • January 15, 1988

    Information Note on a Visit by Soviet Olympic Committee President Gramow to Munich

    Report submitted to IOC President Samaranch describing a visit to by Soviet Olympic Committee President Gramow to Munich. Gramow remarked that North Korea's decision on participating the upcoming 1988 Summer Olympics would have no influence on the attitude of the Soviet Union. Gramow also commented that sporting relations between the USSR and Germany were developing positively.

  • July 06, 1988

    Information Note from Dr. Klaus Georg Wieck to International Olympic Committee President on the Issue of Security and Terrorist Threats to the 1988 Seoul Olympics

    Letters exchanged between the President of the IOC, Juan Antonio Samaranch, and Dr. Klaus Georg Wieck on the security situation in South Korea in the lead up to the 1988 Olympics. Wieck's enclosed security report provides details on the South Korean opposition, security preparations completed by the South Korean government, and the potential for terrorist threats or activities during the Olympic Games.

  • June, 2007

    The Ezhov Case. Folder 85. The Chekist Anthology

    In this entry, Mitrokhin gives an account of KGB operative Peter Yots (codename “Ingo” or “Ezhov”), and his assignments within the FRG. The KGB file presents a brief biographical sketch of Yots who was born in 1937 in Berlin, and was trained as an electrical technician who specialized in deciphering coded radio transmissions and telegrams. Drawing upon KGB files, Mitrokhin asserts that Yots worked as an agent in the First Chief Directorate which sent him to West Germany in 1961 to fulfill the aims of operation “Glavnoiie.” The operation, according to the file, required Yots to monitor the movement of FRG forces and military equipment at the “Aizedlerhoff” railroad station. Yots was, nonetheless, soon relocated to Nuremberg where he took up a job as a lighting technician at a local theater. Between 1962 and 1964, Yots contributed to operation “Delta” from the island of Nidervert off the coast of Nuremberg. The KGB account relates that Yots was authorized by the First Chief Directorate to use necessary means to intercept telegraph messages and other communications, so as to inflict “maximum damage” upon the enemy. In 1967, Yots was relocated to Munich, where he became employed as a lighting technician at a local television station. One of Yots’ Munich missions, codenamed “Zarevo,” involved carrying out the surveillance of the “Alley Café”—a bar owned by Adolf and Mariette Laimer which was frequented by Americans. The KGB entry mentions that Yots also monitored the U.S Consulate and all surrounding public venues which attracted American diplomats and personnel. Yots was relocated by the First Chief Directorate to Czechoslovakia on August 2, 1968 but returned to Munich in 1969.