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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • February 17, 1940

    The Ambassador in the Soviet Union (Steinhardt) to the Secretary of State

    Ambassador Steinhardt on rumors that the Soviet Union is planning to take control of Latvia and Estonia.

  • June 07, 1940

    The Minister in Latvia (Wiley) to the Secretary of State

    Lithuanian, Latvian, and Estonian officials all anticipate that the Soviet Union will take measure to control the Baltic states.

  • June 16, 1940

    The Chargé in Estonia (Leonard) to the Secretary of State

    The Soviet Union has demanded that Estonia and Latvia allow Soviet troops to enter both countries.

  • July 23, 1940

    Welles Declaration, Department of State Press Release, 'Statement by the Acting Secretary of State, the Honorable Sumner Welles'

    Later referred to as the "Welles Declaration," this statement by acting Secretary of State Sumner Welles condemned the 1940 Soviet occupation of the Baltic states and set United States policy of refusing to recognize the new Soviet governments of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.

  • February 06, 1948

    Memorandum of Conversation, by the Assistant Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Armour)

    Three representatives of displaced persons of the Baltic States bring a petition for President Truman.

  • 1954

    Department of State, Memorandum, 'The Attitude of the United States and Other Governments Toward the Forced Incorporation of the Baltic Republics into the Soviet Union'

    State Department memorandum summarizing policy toward Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia following the Soviet incorporation of the Baltic States.

  • December 07, 1954

    Department of State, Memorandum, 'Problems of Compatibility of Collective Security Negotiations with the USSR and Present US Policy Towards the Baltic States'

    History of US relations with the Baltic states and the current policy of non-recognition of Soviet control.

  • March 24, 1958

    Letter from Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs C. Burke Elbrick, 'Draft NSC Paper Concerning Baltic States'

    Policy paper explaining the current status of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania and the US policy of non-recognition of their incorporation into the Soviet Union.

  • October 01, 1960

    Central Committee of the Communist Party of Latvia Measures to Implement the CC CPSU Decree, 'Measures to Vigorously Counteract Hostile Radio Propaganda Directed at the Soviet Population'

    Report from the Central Committees of Latvia on actions taken to improve broadcasting of Soviet programs in order to counter Western broadcasts.

  • September 24, 1963

    Report on Visit of the Society of Chinese-Soviet Friendship to the Soviet Union, T. Skvortsov-Tokarin

    Report on a tour group of Chinese citizens from the Society of Chinese-Soviet Friendship. The group visited Moscow, Tbilisi, Sochi, Kiev, Riga, and Leningrad. The Soviet guides were frustrated by the groups' argumentative behavior and attempts to speak directly to Soviet workers. The group was especially interested in finding out if Soviet listeners heard broadcasts of Radio Beijing.

  • November 05, 1965

    Department of State, Memorandum, 'Current United States Policy Toward Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia'

    Explanation of US policy of non-recognition of Soviet control of the Baltic states.

  • 1966

    Department of State, Background Memorandum, 'The Baltic Question and US-USSR Exchanges'

    Summary of past negotiations with the Soviet Union for cultural exchanges which include the Baltic States. The State Department wants to avoid the Soviets using these exchanges to erode the US policy of not recognizing Soviet control of the Baltics.

  • May 10, 1966

    Department of State, Memorandum, 'Termination of Baltic State Representation Supported from Blocked Baltic Assets Held in the United States'

    Policy recommendation to phase-out US financial support of Baltic embassies.

  • May 11, 1989

    CPSU Politburo Discussion of the Memorandum of Six Politburo members on the Situation in the Baltic Republics

    Discussion of separatist and nationalist sentiment in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.