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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • June 07, 1961

    Ambassador Harman’s Record of Ben-Gurion/Kennedy Meeting, with attachment on the 'Atomic Reactor' (and transcript), sent with cover letter by Mordechai Gazit to Israeli Foreign Ministry

    Israeli record of conversation between Prime Minister Ben-Gurion and President Kennedy in New York.

  • January 18, 1962

    Report from Cultural Attaché at the Israeli Embassy, Rio de Janeiro, Smeul Benizi, 18 January 1962, Subject: 'Brazil – Cuban-Latin American Relations'

    Cultural Attaché at the Israeli Embassy in Rio de Janeiro, Smeul Benizi, discusses the proposal from Brazil to the Organization of American States (OAS) suggesting that Cuba become a neutral country, like Finland.

  • October 24, 1962

    Cable from Israeli Foreign Ministry (Arad) to Israeli Embassy, Washington

    A cable on the conversation between Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion and US Ambassador to Israel Walworth Barbour devoted to the crisis in Cuba. The cable says "The PM told Barbour that with regard to the Cuban Crisis we [Israel] had nothing better to do than pray." and that "The PM replied that Israel is trying to maintain peace."

  • October 25, 1962

    Cable from Israeli Embassy, Prague, to Israeli Foreign Ministry, Jerusalem

    A cable from the Israeli Embassy in Prague about the Cuban crisis - public panic, long lines at stores to buy basic products (oil, sugar, salt, etc.) and many denunciations of U.S. policies by Cuban citizens.

  • October 28, 1962

    Cable from Israeli Ambassador to the United Nations, New York (Komey), to Israeli Foreign Ministry, Jerusalem

    Israeli Ambassador to the UN discusses the Cuban-Turkey deal, especially Secretary U-Thant's opposition to it.

  • October 30, 1962

    Cable from Israeli Foreign Ministry, Jerusalem (Lvavi), to Israeli Embassy, Moscow

    Israeli officials discuss the Cuban Missile Crisis (U.S. blockade of Soviet ships) and say that "Israel’s influence in the current circumstances was limited. Nevertheless, Israel would do whatever it can as a U.N. member to encourage negotiations and avoid military confrontation."

  • November 01, 1962

    Telegram from Israeli Embassy in Havana (Prato), to Israeli Foreign Ministry, Jerusalem

    Prato and Pinto discuss Brazilian efforts to pursuade Cuba to accept inspectors as well as what a potential U.S. attack would mean for diplomatic relations in the region.

  • November 07, 1962

    Letter from Arie Meyron, Counselor, the Embassy in Rio de Janeiro, to the Head of the Latin American Desk at the Israeli Foreign Ministry, 'Brazil-Cuba'

    A letter from Arie Meyron, a Counselor at the Embassy in Rio de Janeiro, to the Head of the Latin American Desk at the Israeli Foreign Ministry about Cuba-Brazil relations and about Brazil's proposal to the Organization of American States (OAS) to create a nuclear-free zone in Latin America.

  • November 16, 1962

    Israeli Foreign Ministry, Jerusalem, to Israeli Embassy, Havana

    Israeli Ambassador to Brazil Arie] Eshel sent a telegram from Rio about Brazil's efforts to mediate the Cuban crisis, as well as Brazil's attempt to pass a resolution at the Security Council declaring Latin America, Africa and the Middle East nuclear free zones but that they were unable to do so due to French opposition.

  • November 28, 1962

    Telegram from Israeli Embassy, Moscow (Tekoah), to Israeli Foreign Ministry, Jerusalem

    A British Naval attache tells the Israeli Embassy that at the height of the Cuban Missile Crisis, the US was making preparations to conquer the island of Cuba and, by his assessment, the Soviet Union would not have responded.

  • December 21, 1962

    Cable from US Desk, Israeli Foreign Ministry, to Israeli Embassy, Washington

    A description of President Kennedy's visit to Brazil on 17 December and his explanation of the implicaitons of the Cuban Missile Crisis on Brazilian foriegn policy.

  • February 02, 1967

    Report by Kneset Members Mikonis and Sneh on their talks with Suslov and Pomemarev

    Mikonis and Sneh [Israeli Communist Kneset (Parliament) Members] were apparently instructed by the Prime Minister’s office to submit a list of 13 questions to the heads of the international department of the Soviet Communist Party. Suslov and Ponemarev responded in a meeting which took place in Moscow saying that the Soviet Union had always acknowledged Israel’s right to exist and had been making strenuous efforts to dissuade its Arab allies from starting a war against it. The two Soviet officials also implicitly endorsed the view that current Israeli Prime Minister, Levy Eshkol, was taking a more moderate and conciliatory line in his relations with Moscow.

  • May 26, 1967

    Protocol number 62 of the Israeli Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee, Friday, May 26, 1967 at 4 pm, in The Kirya, Tel Aviv

  • May 26, 1967

    Minutes of an Extended Meeting of the Ministerial Committee on Security Issues

    Faced with a growing Egyptian military buildup in Sinai the Cabinet tried to determine if the time had come for military action, or if additional diplomacy would strengthen America's support of Israel. No consensus was reached and the decision was postponed.

  • October 07, 1973

    Minutes of Prime Minister Meir's Cabinet Meeting, 7 October 1973

  • June 09, 1981

    Telegram from Washington Embassay to Foreign Office, Subject: administration response

    Secretary of State Alexander Haig, who maintained close ties with the Israeli diplomats, told the Israeli ambassador in a phone conversation on 9 June 1981 that Israel’s action in Baghdad caused a serious complication for the U.S., reiterating that “President Reagan thinks the same”.

  • June 10, 1981

    Telegram from Washington embassy to Foreign Office

    The Israeli embassy in Washington learned from Haig as well as from another contact that Secretary of Defense Weinberger supports a tough approach to Israel, including a a UNSC resolution that would demand Israel to open the Israeli nuclear reactor at Dimona for inspection and a call for Israel to join the NPT.

  • June 10, 1981

    Telegram from Washington embassy to Foreign Office, Subject: Evron-Haig

    The Israeli embassy in Washington learned from Haig as well as from another contact that Secretary of Defense Weinberger supports a tough approach to Israel, including a UNSC resolution that would demand Israel to open the Israeli nuclear reactor at Dimona for inspection and a call for Israel to join the NPT.

  • June 11, 1981

    Telegram from Washington embassy to Foreign Office, Subject: Evron -- the President

    The Israelis were concerned and disappointed by the administration’s initial response to the raid, which consisted of a freeze on the shipment of F-16 jets to Israel until a legal review was conducted. The Israeli ambassador to Washington conveyed this sentiment to President Reagan in a meeting on 11 June 1980 in this telegram.

  • September 02, 1992

    Summary of Interview with Avraham Hermoni by Avner Cohen

    Avraham Hermoni served as senior technical director of the Israeli nuclear weapons program. This summary reflects the combined content of two long interviews Avner Cohen conducted with Hermoni in August and September 1992. This transcript is not the taped interview’s raw minutes; rather, it is Hermoni’s own edited and approved account of the interview, restructured by him in the form of twelve questions and answers, based upon the raw transcript of the original taped interview. Hermoni recounts the relationship between the Israeli government, the IDF, and the Weapons Development Authority (RAFAEL) during the development of Israel's nuclear capability.