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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • December 03, 1958

    Cuban Communist Party Official Lazaro Peña, Report to the Italian Communist Party (PCI), 'Information on the Political Situation in Cuba'

    A report supplied by the Foreign Section and Cuban comrade Lazaro Peña, Director of the Latin American syndicate, on the political situation in Cuba. It describes the July 26th movement, Cuban relations with the United States, and the Cuban Popular Socialist Party.

  • January 01, 1960

    Italian Communist Angelo Franza, Memorandum of Conversation with Cuban Communist Antonio Nunez Jimenez and note by PCI Official Giuliano Pajetta

    A memorandum of a conversation between PCI official Giuliano Pajetta and Antonio Nunez Jimenez, Director of the Cuban National Institute for Agrarian Reform [INRA] and member of the Cuban PC (Popular Socialist Party [PSP]). They discuss the various problems relating to the internal and external politics in Cuba and the solidarity that the PCI can provide to the Cuban liberation movement.

  • June 14, 1961

    Vittorio Vidali (senior Italian communist), Notes on a Trip to Cuba, Spring 1961 (excerpt)

    Vittorio Vidali, a senior Italian communist, comments on a trip to Cuba he took in the Spring of 1961, providing observations of the Cuban Revolution in particular.

  • April 02, 1962

    Message from the Italian Communist Party to the Cuban Leadership

    The Italian Communist Party sends a message to the Cuban government expressing their hope that the Organization of American States (OAS) will begin to see the Cuban perspective and that "the decisions of the OAS cannot suspend the Cuban truth from the American continent."

  • September 29, 1962

    Italian Communist Journalist Carmine De Lepsis, Interview with Ernesto 'Che' Guevara, Havana

    In an interview with journalist Carmine De Lepsis, Che Guevara discusses the future development of the Cuban economy, the improvement in productivity and the establishment of new labor laws, dealing with the exodus of technicians, and in general part of the lower middle class, and compares the situation in Cuba to Latin America in general.

  • October 31, 1962

    Minutes, Meeting of Italian Communist Party (PCI) Politburo

    The Italian Communist Party (PCI) Politburo discuss recent events in Cuba: the revolution, US invasion of Cuba and the international political situation.

  • November 26, 1962

    Letter from Italian Communist Journalist Carmine de Lipsis to Senior Italian Communist Giancarlo Pajetta on Interview with Che Guevara

    A letter from Italian Communist Journalist Carmine de Lipsis to Senior Italian Communist Giancarlo Pajetta regarding an interview with Che Guevara. De Lipsis also includes detailed reading notes on this meeting to augment the rest of the letter.

  • August 13, 1963

    Italian Communist Ugo Pecchioli, Report on Trip to Cuba

    Italian Communist, Ugo Pecchioli, reports on his trip to Cuba. He discusses: the relative international situation of Cuba; meetings with Fidel Castro; the profound divergence that exists (in his opinion) between the Chinese Communist Party and the great majority of the other communist parties; the development of the struggle for democracy and socialism in different Latin American countries; and Italian and Cuban communist party relations.

  • June 13, 1979

    Antonio Rubbi, 'Note Reserved for Comrade Berlinguer'

    In this note dated June 13, 1979, to Enrico Berlinguer, Antonio Rubbi reports on his meeting with the new chargé d’affaires at the Chinese embassy. The chargé stated that the International Liaison Department of the Central Committee of the CCP was proposing to hold a second confidential meeting with a PCI delegation in Beijing. The chargé also extended an invitation to two journalists of the Italian newspapers L’Unità and Rinascita to visit China for 2-3 weeks.

  • August 05, 1979

    Annex B/4: List of Participants in the Meetings in Peking, Nanjing, and Shanghai

    A list of the CCP leaders that the Italian Communist Party delegation met with.

  • August 05, 1979

    Annex A/1: Intervention at the Opening of the Talks (Wednesday, 25 July)

    In this note, the Italian delegation gives some introductory remarks stressing the importance of the ongoing negotiations for peace between China and Vietnam - following the conflict of February 1979 - and China and the Soviet Union - for a new start of state-to-state relations.

  • August 05, 1979

    Annex A/4: Relations between the PCI and the CCP

    An invite to the Chinese to continue the development of bilateral relations on the basis of a spirit of mutual respect but with a stronger frequency of meetings and exchanges. It also contains a note of July 30, 1979 and July 31, 1979, where the representatives of the Italian Communist Party respond to the speech given by Feng Xuan and Li Yimang.

  • August 05, 1979

    Annex B/3: On Relations between the CCP and the PCI (Notes from Several Meetings with Feng Xuan, Ji Pengfei, and Li Yimang)

    It contains the notes of the July 1979 meetings with Feng Xuan. Feng advocates for good relationship between the two sides based on mutual respect and equality and independence. He talks about the Soviet military threat on China. He stressed that the PCI position that advocates for criticism to other parties on 'important issues' is considered hostile to the CCP if that touches on Sino-Soviet relations. Feng expresses his wish to host in 1980 an official delegation of the CC of the PCI.

  • August 05, 1979

    Annex B/1: On the Domestic Situation (Information Note by Wu Xueqian, Deputy Minister of the International Liaison Department)

    The Chinese delegation introduces the internal situation in China and emphasizes the effort of the CCP for unity and stability after the arrest of the Gang of Four. The main contradiction, as Mao said, is no more the class struggle but the eradication of the obstacles that impede the implementation of the Four Modernizations.

  • August 05, 1979

    Antonio Rubbi and Angelo Cliva, 'Note on the Visit to China and on the Confidential Meetings between the Delegations of the PCI and the CCP (24-31 July 1979)'

    In this note dated August 5, 1979, Antonio Rubbi and Angelo Oliva provide a report on the visit to China and on the closed-door meetings between the PCI and CCP delegations from July 24 to 31, 1979. Attached to the note are a number of annexes with the statements made at the meetings.

  • August 05, 1979

    Annex A/3: Developments in the International Situation and the PCI's Policy

    In this note, the Italian delegation stresses the importance of the negotiations between China and Vietnam, the international crisis and the advance of the rightist parties at the European elections and the energy crisis. A special focus is devoted to a critical approach to Chinese hostility towards the Soviet Union.

  • August 05, 1979

    Annex B/2: On the International Situation (Information Notes by Feng Xuan, CCP Member and Deputy Minister of the International Liaison Department)

    The Chinese delegation stresses that Soviet social-imperialism is the main offensive threat to world peace today. Europe is its main target to win over the US in the global hegemonic race. The Soviet Union is in an offensive posture while the US is on a defensive one. It also describes China's position on the conflict with Vietnam.

  • August 05, 1979

    Annex A/2: Developments in the Situation in Italy and the PCI's Policy

    In this note, the Italian delegation introduces the elements of the Italian economic and social crisis and the consequent willingness of the Communist Party to cooperate with the Christian Democrats after the elections of 1976, an attempt that was strongly opposed by the conservative forces within the Christian Democrats and outside Italy. They also introduce the outcome of the XV Congress of the Communist Party and the European elections.

  • September 26, 1979

    Antonio Rubbi, 'Note Reserved for Comrade Berlinguer'

    In this note to Enrico Berlinguer dated September 26, 1979, Antonio Rubbi delivers a report on his meeting on September 25, 1979, with the Chinese chargé d’affaires and cultural attaché. The topics discussed included the visit of two Italian journalists to China, the invitation to the FGCI to visit China and the upcoming 30th anniversary of the People’s Republic of China.

  • September 26, 1979

    Untitled summary of the meeting between PCI and CCP at the Chinese Embassy in Rome on the eve of PCI XV Congress.

    Summary of the meeting between PCI and CCP at the Chinese Embassy in Rome on the eve of PCI XV Congress