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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • November 11, 1986

    Statement by M.S. Gorbachev: “The Amelioration of the International Situation, Strengthening of Peace”

    Statement by M.S. Gorbachev: “The Amelioration of the International Situation, Strengthening of Peace”

  • January 22, 1987

    Notes from Politburo Meeting, 21-22 January 1987 (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev and his advisors discuss new Afghan president Mohammad Najibullah and the possible drawdown of Soviet troops.

  • February 23, 1987

    Notes from Politburo Meeting, 23 February 1987 (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev describes issues with the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan.

  • February 26, 1987

    Notes from Politburo Meeting, 26 February 1987 (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev and his advisors discuss whether to withdraw troops from Afghanistan.

  • February 27, 1987

    Record of a Conversation of M. S. Gorbachev with Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Giulio Andreotti (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev and Andreotti discuss issues in the Middle East, including Soviet plans in Afghanistan and a possible international conference on the Middle East.

  • May, 1987

    Plan of Negotiations between M.S. Gorbachev and the President of the United States of America, R. Reagan before the first trip to Washington

    Soviet plan for negotiations between Gorbachev and Reagan. Topics covered include peacemaking efforts in the Near East, nuclear limitation, and the issue of Afghanistan.

  • May 22, 1987

    Notes from Politburo Meeting, 21-22 May 1987 (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev and his advisors discuss building a coalition government in Afghanistan before the withdrawal of Soviet troops and also the lack of acceptance of the Soviet-backed People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA).

  • July 02, 1987

    Record of Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and Prime Minister R. Gandhi

    Gorbachev and Rajiv Gandhi meet to discuss various issues. Begin by noting the effect of Western radio propaganda within both India and Soviet Union. Gorbachev notes the "voices" of Western radio stations broadcasting in the Soviet Union, aiming to undermine perestroika. After touching on economic initiatives in India, Gandhi singles out, among problems in India, the "weakening of public morals." Blames this problem on the "onslaught of the Western--and first and foremost, American-- mass media." Both sides criticize militarism at base of US foreign policy, and US emphasis on rolling back communism. Conversation concludes with analysis of Afghanistan situation; Gorbachev explains measure USSR is taking to solidify Afghan government, and Gandhi recommends caution when dealing with tribal factor in Afghanistan. Both sides speak on Pakistan's reaction to situation.

  • July 09, 1987

    Anatoly Chernyaev, Notes from a Meeting of the Politburo

    Gorbachev and other Politburo members discussed the pressing issue of the return of Crimean Tatars to Crimea.

  • July 20, 1987

    Record of a Conversation of M. S. Gorbachev with the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan Cde. Najib (Excerpt)

    Najibullah and Gorbachev discuss the implementation of a policy of "national reconciliation" and political settlement in preparation for Soviet troops withdrawal from Afghanistan.

  • October 23, 1987

    Minutes of a Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and the US Secretary of State G. Shultz

    Gorbachev Shultz discuss the ABM treaty and Soviet-US relations.

  • November 03, 1987

    Record of a Conversation of M. S. Gorbachev with the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan Najibullah

    Najibullah and Gorbachev discuss a recent all-party conference of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) and plans to hold a coalition meeting (Loya Jirga) at which a new Afghan constitution will be adopted and a new president elected.

  • December 09, 1987

    Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan on Afghanistan (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev and Reagan discuss the withdrawal of Soviet troops in Afghanistan.

  • December 10, 1987

    Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and US Vice President George H. W. Bush

    Gorbachev asks Bush to halt US aid to opposition forces in Afghanistan to assist Soviet troop withdrawal.

  • December 10, 1987

    Conversation between M.S. Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan on Afghanistan (Excerpt)

    Gorbachev and Reagan discuss the withdrawal of Soviet troops in Afghanistan. Gorbachev asks that on the day they begin the withdrawal the United States also cease supporting the opposition forces.

  • February 11, 1988

    Record of a Conversation of M. S. Gorbachev with Indian Minister of Defense Krishna Chandra Pant

    Gorbachev and Pant discuss Soviet and Indian foreign relations and the situation in Afghanistan and neighboring Pakistan.

  • February 22, 1988

    Record of a Conversation of M. S. Gorbachev with US Secretary of State G. Shultz

    Gorbachev and Shultz discuss issues in the Middle East, including the Soviet withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan and the Iran-Iraq War.

  • March 10, 1988

    Anatoly Chernyaev, Notes from a Meeting of the Politburo

    Politburo meeting centered on Comecon and the importance of maintaining fruitful trade relationships with other socialist nations.

  • March 24, 1988

    Anatoly Chernyaev, Notes from a Meeting of the Politburo

    Notes from a meeting of the Politburo regarding Nina Andreeva, a Soviet scientist and political activist who accused Gorbachev of not being true communists and abandoning the Soviet system in her essay " I Cannot Forsake My Principles."

  • March 29, 1988

    Record of a Conversation of M. S. Gorbachev with the General Secretary of the Italian Communist Party [PCI] Alessandro Natta

    Gorbachev explains to Natta about issues with the Soviet withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan, including disagreements with the United States on the plans for the coalition government.