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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • February 17, 1940

    The Ambassador in the Soviet Union (Steinhardt) to the Secretary of State

    Ambassador Steinhardt on rumors that the Soviet Union is planning to take control of Latvia and Estonia.

  • May 29, 1940

    The Chargé in the Soviet Union (Thurston) to the Secretary of State

    The Soviet Union threatens intervention in Lithuania due to the alleged "disappearance of men from Soviet military garrison established in Lithuania."

  • May 30, 1940

    The Minister in Latvia (Wiley) to the Secretary of State

    Officials express concern about the Soviet Union's aggressive actions toward Lithuania.

  • June 07, 1940

    The Minister in Latvia (Wiley) to the Secretary of State

    Lithuanian, Latvian, and Estonian officials all anticipate that the Soviet Union will take measure to control the Baltic states.

  • June 15, 1940

    The Chargé in the Soviet Union (Thurston) to the Secretary of State

    The Lithuanian government has accepted an ultimatum from the Soviet Union demanding that officials be brought to trial, the number of Soviet troops increased, and the Lithuanian government reorganized.

  • June 16, 1940

    The Chargé in Estonia (Leonard) to the Secretary of State

    The Soviet Union has demanded that Estonia and Latvia allow Soviet troops to enter both countries.

  • July 23, 1940

    Welles Declaration, Department of State Press Release, 'Statement by the Acting Secretary of State, the Honorable Sumner Welles'

    Later referred to as the "Welles Declaration," this statement by acting Secretary of State Sumner Welles condemned the 1940 Soviet occupation of the Baltic states and set United States policy of refusing to recognize the new Soviet governments of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.

  • June 25, 1941

    Statement by the Latvian Minister (Bilmanis)

    Statement by the Latvian Ambassador to the United States on the Soviet occupation of Latvia.

  • November 26, 1943

    The Cairo Declaration

    Roosevelt, Churchhill, and Jiang Jieshi declare that they are "fighting this war to restraint and punish the aggression of Japan."

  • February 23, 1944

    U.S. Embassy Moscow Despatch No. 207, 'Investigation by Soviet Authorities of the Massacre of Polish Soldiers in the Katyn Forest, near Smolensk'

    Averell Harriman sends the accounts of his daughter and the Third Secretary of the Embassy who accompanied foreign correspondents to Smolensk to witness the Soviet Katyn investigations.

  • February 11, 1945

    Yalta Conference Agreement, Declaration of a Liberated Europe

    The text of the agreements reached at the Yalta (Crimea) Conference between President Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill and Generalissimo Stalin.

  • May 17, 1945

    Documents Section, Captured Personnel and Material Branch, Report No. 127, enclosing a Translation of a Polish Report Made by Lt. Col. Stefan Mossor on April 21, 1943 on the Katyn Woods Atrocities

    This translated document is an eye witness account and summary of a visit Stefan Mossor made to the mass graves in Katyn while he was a German POW.

  • February 22, 1946

    George Kennan's 'Long Telegram'

    Ambassador George F. Kennan writes to the Secretary of State with a lengthy analysis of Soviet policy in an attempt to explain their recent uncooperative behavior. This message would later become famous as the "long telegram."

  • 1947

    Top Secret Documents on the China Situation

    North Korean intelligence on events in the Chinese Civil War.

  • July 05, 1947

    What Every Political Party and Social Organization Must Demand on the Establishment of a Democratic Interim Government of Korea

    A reprinting of Kim Il Sung's June 14, 1947, speech to the Democratic National United Front on the establishment of a democratic interim government. An appendix to the publication contains Kim Il Sung's June 23, 1947, speech, "To the Korean Youth Before the Establishment of the Democratic Interim Government."

  • February 06, 1948

    Memorandum of Conversation, by the Assistant Secretary of State for Political Affairs (Armour)

    Three representatives of displaced persons of the Baltic States bring a petition for President Truman.

  • March 13, 1948

    Message, Chamberlin to Headquarters, European Command

    Director of the US Army’s Intelligence Division at the Pentagon, Lieutenant General Stephen J. Chamberlin, instructed American military attachés from eight European capitals to meet with one of his subordinates, Colonel Riley F. Ennis, for a conference in Frankfurt am Main in Germany on March 24 to discuss intelligence matters pertaining to Soviet activities in Germany.

  • March 30, 1948

    Message, Willems to Chamberlin, Ennis

    A memorandum from the US Army's Intelligence Division, detailing the Army’s contingency plan in the event of a communist takeover in Italy's 1948 parliamentary elections.

  • April 30, 1948

    George F. Kennan, 'The Inauguration of Organized Political Warfare'

    State Department Policy Planning Director George Kennan outlines, in a document for the National Security Council, the idea of a public committee, working closely with the US government, to sponsor various émigré activities.

  • May 17, 1948

    Memorandum from Edmund A. Gullion to J.K. Gustafson Regarding US Policy towards South Africa

    Memo from Edmund Gullion, Special Assistant to the Undersecretary, to J. K. Gustafson of the Atomic Energy Commission summarizing the most important unresolved policy issues between the U.S. and South Africa.