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This collection contains Soviet documents related to Soviet-Iranian relations, Soviet interests in Iran, and Soviet support for the separatist movement in Iranian Azerbaijan. In 1946, the Soviet Union sparked the Iran crisis of 1946, also known as the Iran-Azerbaijan Crisis, by refusing to relinquish Iranian territory occupied by Soviet forces during World War II. Also see the Digital Archive collections on "The Iran/Azerbaijan Crisis, 1946," and "Iran's Tudeh Party" (Image: Stalin, Mohammad Reza Shah, and Molotov at Tehran Conference, 1943).
Iran's Tudeh Party
Iran’s Tudeh Party is a collection of documents regarding the “People’s Party of Iran” or “Party of Masses,” Iran’s largest Communist party. The documents were collected from the Russian State Archive of Contemporary History (RGANI) and the Russian State Archive of Socio-Political History (RGASPI), as well as the Stasi Records Agency (BStU) in Germany. The records concern communist and anti-communist activities in Iran during the 1970s and 1980s, as well as Iranian activities in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) and the Soviet Union. Aside from the Tudeh Party, the documents also encompass subjects such as the Iran hostage crisis and the role of Islam in Iran.
Collection of Iraqi documents translated and made available by the Conflict Records Research Center about the 1980 to 1988 conflict also known as the First Persian Gulf War. (Image, Iranian soldier, 1987). See also, Saddam Hussein's Iraq. (Image: Iranian president Abulhassan Banisadr on the battlefront , 1980)
Inter-Korean Dialogue, 1977-1980
A collection of primary source documents obtained from the Jimmy Carter Presidential Library and Romanian archives on efforts to revive the inter-Korean dialogue and to begin a trilateral dialogue between the U.S., South Korea, and North Korea from 1977 through 1980. For collections focused on other chapters in the inter-Korean relationship, see Inter-Korean Relations after the War, 1954-1961; Inter-Korean Competition, 1961-1970; Inter-Korean Dialogue, 1971-1972; and Demise of Detente in Korea, 1973-1975.(Image: President Jimmy Carter announces new sanctions against Iran in retaliation for taking U.S. hostages, 7 April 1980. Library of Congress.)