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Digital Archive International History Declassified

SEARCH RESULTS FOR “zedong”

  • Conversations with Mao Zedong

    Mao Zedong, who ruled China from October 1949 until his death in September 1976, shaped the ideological underpinnings of China's international relations and played a pivotal role in crafting relations with China's allies and enemies. This collection brings together conversations held between Mao and foreign leaders from both within and outside of the communist bloc in order to offer insights into Mao's worldview and major developments in China's domestic history and foreign relations. See also the collection: Conversations with Zhou Enlai. (Image: President Richard Nixon Shaking Hands with Chairman Mao Tse-tung, 21 February 1972, NAID 194759)

  • China and South Asia

    South Asia was one of the most important regions in China's international relations and foreign policy during the Cold War. This collection, drawn largely from the Chinese Foreign Ministry Archive, sheds light on China's relations with India, Pakistan, and, to a lesser extent, Afghanistan and Sri Lanka (formerly known as Ceylon) from 1949 onwards. It includes high-level records of conversation between Chinese and South Asian leaders, Chinese embassy dispatches from the region, and other types of records. See also the Digital Archive collection on the Sino-Indian Border War, 1962. (Photo: The Prime Minister of Pakistan, Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, meets Mao Zedong (right) in October 1956.) (

  • China-Southeast Asia Relations

    China was a major player in Cold War Southeast Asia, advocating for socialist revolutions and directly supporting independence struggles.(Image: Mao Zedong chatting with Ho Chi Minh, China, May 1965)

  • January 04, 1939

    Translation of a Letter from Governor Shicai Sheng to Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov

    Governor Sheng Shicai expresses gratitude to Cdes. Stalin, Molotov, and Voroshilov for the opportunity to visit Moscow. After reporting critical remarks made by Fang Lin against the Soviet Union and the Communist Party, Sheng Shicai requests that the All-Union Communist Party dispatch a politically experienced person to Urumqi to discuss Party training and asks that the Comintern order the Chinese Communist Party in Xinjiang to liquidate the Party organization.

  • June 05, 1944

    Record of Conversation with Cde. Lin Zuhan, Chairman of the Special Region

    Godunov reports on Lin Zuhan's comments on relations between the Guomindang the Chinese Commuinist Party, the situation in Chongqing, and recent developments in Xinjiang.

  • April 07, 1945

    Chen Boda, 'Criticism of the Book "China's Destiny"'

    Excerpts from the Russian translations of Chen Boda's published criticism of Jiang Jieshi's "China's Destiny."

  • April 24, 1945

    Mao Zedong, 'On Coalition Government'

    Mao Zedong defines the Chinese Communist Party's foreign policy for the post-war world, announcing that "China can never win genuine independence and equality by following the present policy of the Kuomintang government."

  • May 01, 1945

    The Communist Party of China over the Last 10 Years: A Secret Brochure of the GMD Issued on 1 May 1945

    The Chinese Nationalist Party (Guomindang) offers an historical overview of its military and political struggle with the Chinese Communist Party, while also summarizing the international contacts of the CCP since 1935.

  • August 30, 1945

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador in China Apollon Petrov and Zhou Enlai

    Zhou Enlai discusses the agenda for upcoming talks with Chiang Kai-shek and the Chinese Nationalist Party.

  • September 06, 1945

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador in China Apollon Petrov and Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and Wang Ruofei

    Mao discusses the progress of talks with Chiang Kai-shek and the Chinese Nationalist Party.

  • October 05, 1945

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador in China Apollon Petrov and Zhou Enlai and Wang Ruofei

    They discuss the results of negotiations with the Chinese Nationalist Party and Chiang Kai-shek's political and military position.

  • October 10, 1945

    Record of Conversation between Soviet Ambassador in China Apollon Petrov and Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and Wang Ruofei

    Mao discusses negotiations with Chiang Kai-shek and the political and military position of the Chinese Nationalist Party.

  • November 10, 1945

    Cable No. 3550, Stalin to Cdes. Molotov, Beria, Malenkov, and Mikoyan

    Stalin discusses Soviet reception of a speech in which Winston Churchill praised Russia and Stalin, the need to exclude viticulture and fruit-growing from the People’s Commissariat of Industrial Crops, and the urgency with which Soviet diplomats should be withdrawn from the regions in which Mao Zedong's troops are operating lest the Soviets be accused of organizing the Chinese civil war.

  • August 06, 1946

    Talk with the American Correspondent Anna Louise Strong

    Mao Zedong says that "all reactionaries are paper tigers" and discusses the Chinese Civil War. He also introduces the theory of the "intermediate zone," when he states that "the United States and the Soviet Union are separated by a vast zone which includes many capitalist, colonial and semi-colonial countries in Europe, Asia and Africa."

  • June 15, 1947

    Cable, Stalin [Kuznetsov] to Mao Zedong [via Terebin]

    Stalin, writing under the pseudonym “Fyodor Kuznetsov,” who was Stalin’s Chief of the GRU, tells “Terebin,” actually Soviet doctor and operative in Yan’an Andrei Orlov, to arrange a secret meeting in Moscow with Mao Zedong.

  • July 01, 1947

    Cable, Stalin [Kuznetsov] to Mao Zedong [via Terebin]

    Stalin, using the name of Chief of the GRU, Fyodor Kuznetsov, tells Terebin, actually Soviet operative in Yan'an Andrei Orlov, to delay Mao's secret visit to Moscow.

  • December 16, 1947

    Cable, Stalin [Kuznetsov] to Mao Zedong [via Terebin]

    Stalin, using the name of Fyodor Kuznetsov, Chief of the GRU, officially invites Mao Zedong to Moscow. Stalin does so through Andrei Orlov, acting under the name "Terebin."

  • December 17, 1947

    Cable, Terebin to Stalin [via Kuznetsov]

    Terebin (Andrei Orlov) returns Kuznetsov's (Stalin) cable concerning a visit to Moscow by Mao. Terebin gives Mao's response to the invitation and tells of a discussion that took place between himself and Mao after Stalin's message was relayed.

  • 1948

    Soviet Telegram, Regarding Operation Plan from the Chief of Staff of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, Zhu De

    Telegram noting that a certain plan by General Zhu De for October has been received. Estimates the military support that it will require. Brian Murray questions the validity of the document in CWIHP Working Paper No. 12, where the document is published.

  • April 20, 1948

    Cable, Stalin [Kuznetsov] to Mao Zedong [via Terebin]

    Stalin responds to two letters from Mao, via Terebin (Andrei Orlov). In the cable, Stalin gives advice to Mao on what to do with opposing parties once the Chinese revolution is complete and whether or not Mao should include the liberal bourgeosie in China's central government.

  • April 22, 1948

    Cable, Terebin to Stalin, Plans for Mao's Visit to Moscow

    Terebin (Andrei Orlov) tells Stalin of Mao's plans for arriving in Moscow and asks whether he, Terebin, should join Mao on the journey.

  • April 26, 1948

    Cable, Mao Zedong to Filippov [Stalin]

    Mao tells Filippov (Stalin) about the move of the Central Committee to a more rural area in China. Mao also discusses his plans for his trip to Moscow.

  • April 29, 1948

    Cable, Stalin to Mao Zedong

    Stalin agrees with the plans Mao discusses in a previous cable.