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Digital Archive International History Declassified

SEARCH RESULTS FOR “pakistan”

  • China and South Asia

    South Asia was one of the most important regions in China's international relations and foreign policy during the Cold War. This collection, drawn largely from the Chinese Foreign Ministry Archive, sheds light on China's relations with India, Pakistan, and, to a lesser extent, Afghanistan and Sri Lanka (formerly known as Ceylon) from 1949 onwards. It includes high-level records of conversation between Chinese and South Asian leaders, Chinese embassy dispatches from the region, and other types of records. See also the Digital Archive collection on the Sino-Indian Border War, 1962. (Photo: The Prime Minister of Pakistan, Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, meets Mao Zedong (right) in October 1956.) (

  • Chinese Nuclear Testing

    Embassies of the People's Republic of China around the world tracked reactions to the PRC's nuclear tests in 1964 and 1965. This collection, drawn from the Chinese Foreign Ministry Archive, includes cables from the Chinese missions in countries such as North Korea, India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Algeria, and the Soviet Union. See also the larger and more comprehensive Digital Archive collection: Chinese Nuclear History. (Image: Still from 1966 Chinese film from the National Archives and Records Administration, NAID 72247.)

  • Pakistani Nuclear History

    Documents on the history of Pakistani nuclear development. See also Nuclear Proliferation, and the related collections in the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project. (Image, monument to Pakistan's first nuclear tests, Islamabad, Khalid Mahmood)

  • September 06, 1947

    Notes of the Discussion of Comrade A.A. Zhdanov with Comrade S.A. Dange, Member of the CC of the Communist Party of India

    Andrei Zhdanov instructs Shripad Amrit Dange on the Soviet Union's suggestions for the formation of an Indian Communist Party, following India's 1947 Partition.

  • May 02, 1949

    The Islamic Conference in Lahore

    Short document with a list of Syrian and Lebanese invitees to the Islamic Conference in Lahore.

  • 1950

    The Committee for the Liberation of the Arab Maghreb in Cairo

    Description of the new office of the Committee for the Liberation of the Arab Maghreb in Cairo, as well as activity in the Tunisia, Morocco, and Algeria offices, consideration of opening a Tunisian main office in Lebanon, and progress of the Tunisian and Moroccan independence movements.

  • January 10, 1950

    Telegram, Mao Zedong to CCP CC and CCP Northwest Bureau, 10 January 1950 (Excerpt)

  • January 15, 1950

    Record of the Conversation between I.V. Stalin and Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

    Stalin and Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan discuss India's policy of neutrality regarding cold war issues, India's relationship with Pakistan, and potential agrarian reforms within India.

  • February 09, 1951

    Record of a Conversation between Stalin and representatives of the Indian Communist Party

    Meeting in Moscow between Stalin and Indian Communist Party representatives C. Rajeswara Rao, S. A. Dange, A. K. Ghosh, and [M. Basava] Punnaiah. Stalin responded to a series of prepared questions from the representatives.

  • February 21, 1951

    Record of Conversations between G.M. Malenkov and M.A. Suslov with the Representatives of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India

    G.M. Malenkov speaks with representatives of the Indian Communist Party, including Dange, Ghosh, and Rao. The ICP delegation asks for Soviet advice on party organization and composition. Malenkov responds, warning the ICP to take care not to come off as a Soviet puppet. Malenkov's main suggestion is to determine a firm party line, and publish a singular and clear program for the party, so as to unite disputing factions.

  • June 21, 1951

    Telegram from Mao Zedong to I.V. Stalin

    Telegram from Mao to Stalin discussing the rearmament of KPA and PLA forces and the military aid from the Soviets necessary for this rearmament.

  • December 31, 1951

    Letter to Lt. Col Mohammed Sadiq

    The Embassy of Pakistan writes to Lt. Col. Sadiq, Consul General in Xinjiang, on advertising among Pakistani nationals in Xinjiang.

  • February 01, 1952

    The Islamist and Pakistani Activities in Lebanon

    Muslims in Lebanon fear the country's changes, turning instead toward Pakistan, and plans emerge for the expansion of the Pakistani Legation and the establishment of the Islamic Caliphate.

  • March 12, 1952

    Letter from the Embassy of Pakistan to the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (No.691-F.121/52)

    The Embassy of Pakistan in China requests the assistance of Chinese authorities in contacting Pakistani nationals in Xinjiang.

  • March 28, 1952

    Letter from the Embassy of Pakistan to the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (No.854-F.121/51.)

    The Embassy of Pakistan in China acknowledges receipt of a list of Pakistani nationals in Xinjiang.

  • March 28, 1952

    His Eminence Haj Amin al-Husseini's [Amīn al-Ḥusaynī] Visit, and the Real Reason behind his Mission in Beirut

    Report on the President of the Higher Arab Commission's visit to Beirut to discuss Palestinian refugees in Lebanon.

  • September 19, 1952

    Minutes of Conversation between I.V. Stalin and Zhou Enlai

    Conversation between Stalin and Zhou Enlai focusing on the Korean War. They discussed the exchange of POWs (and the Mexican proposal), peace negotiations, Chinese cooperation with India and Burma, and the creation of regional organizations. They also mentioned Germany (reunification), the situation/reforms in Xinjiang, Taiwan and Chiang Kaishek (Jiang Jieshi), and military aid.

  • September 22, 1952

    Report, Zhou Enlai to the Chairman [Mao Zedong] and the Central Committee

    Zhou and Stalin discuss the POW issue, the United Nations and the formation of a new regional organization for Asia, and military cooperation.

  • September 27, 1952

    Letter from the Embassy of Pakistan to the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (No. 4564-F-198/52.)

    The Embassy of Pakistan in Beijing requests information on the deaths of two Pakistani nationals in a Xinjiang prison.

  • February 18, 1953

    Indian Ambassador to the Soviet Union K. P. S. Menon Interview with Stalin

    Menon and Stalin meet in Moscow to discuss Indo-Soviet relations. The two speak on issues including India's ethnic makeup and prospects for Indian military and economic development.

  • March 05, 1953

    Islamic Activities in Lebanon: Lecture by Professor Said Ramadan [Sa’īd Ramaḍān], Delivered on 5 March 1953 in the Hall of the Islamic Orphans’ Institution in Beirut

    Said Ramadan describes his travels to Morocco, Turkey, and Indonesia and his observations of Muslim civilizations.

  • March 06, 1953

    Letter from the Embassy of Pakistan to the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (No. 504-F-103/53)

    The Pakistani Embassy in Beijing asks that the local government in Xinjiang provide financial assistance to allow a Pakistani national to return to Pakistan.

  • March 06, 1953

    Letter from the Embassy of Pakistan to the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (No. 598-F-198/53)

    The Embassy of Pakistan in China requests support and financial assistance to allow several Pakistani nationals to leave Xinjiang.