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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • January 04, 1960

    Department of State Burea of Intelligence and Research, Intelligence Information Brief No. 236, 'Yugoslavia Nuclear Reactor Goes into Operation'

    This report gives an overview of Yugoslavia’s nuclear program and its tight links with both East and West in terms of financial aid and training programs

  • January 06, 1960

    Conversation of N. S. Khrushchev with Indian writer Kh[oja] A[hmed] Abbas, 6 January 1960

    Responding to questions about contemporary capitalist states and the transition from capitalism to socialism, Khrushchev discusses the nature of socialism, capitalism and class struggle, comparing the situation in the Soviet Union to that in the United States and Great Britain. Khrushchev discusses the progression of Marxism and his belief in the possible peaceful coexistence of capitalist and socialist countries. However, he emphasizes the spiritual and material advantages of socialism. The conversation ends with a discussion of poetry and of the scientific advances of the Soviet Union, particularly in space. Khrushchev's upcoming visit to India is mentioned.

  • January 22, 1960

    Transcript of Vice Premier Chen Yi's Meeting with Soviet Ambassador S.V. Chervonenko

    Chen Yi and Chervonenko discuss a US plot to forge an anti-communist united front in Laos, and offer advice on the road forward for the Laotion revolution.

  • February 08, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 8 February 1960

    Puzanov invites Kim Il Sung and all Presidium members to attend the 10th anniversary of the PRC-USSR Treaty. Kim Chang-man reports hat the DPRK state budget for 1960 and public health will be considered at the upcoming Supreme People's Assembly meeting.

  • February 11, 1960

    Journal of Second Secretary at the Soviet Embassy in the DPRK V.S. Nemchinov, 'Record of a Conversation with Kim Chae-Won, Chief of the DPRK MFA Department of International Information'

    Nemchinov informs the DPRK of the date and planned agenda of a sports conference to be held in Moscow, whole Kim Chae-won reports on preparations for the 6th International Congress of Buddhists.

  • February 13, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 13 February 1960

    Chinese Ambassador Qiao Xiaoguang holds a reception to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the USSR-PRC treaty.

  • February 23, 1960

    Meeting Minutes between Zhang Weile and Soviet Deputy Director of the Far Eastern Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs R. Sh. Kudashev

    Kudashev explained why the USSR was lobbying for Nehru: His influence in Asia, the importance of Indian support in the upcoming East-West Summit Conference, the possibility of enlisting India as an ally. He also discussed treaties between China and Burma and Indonesia.

  • February 24, 1960

    Cable from the Xinhua Branch in New Delhi, 'The Sino-Indian Border Issue Mentioned in Nehru-Khrushchev Talks'

    The Xinhua Office in New Delhi reports that Nehru and Khrushchev broached the Sino-Indian border dispute in their recent talks.

  • February 24, 1960

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in India, 'Soviet Attaché in India Tells Us That Nehru Initiated Discussion of Border Issue in Nehru-Khrushchev Talks'

    The Chinese Embassy in India reports that it was Nehru who raised the Sino-Indian border dispute in discussions with Nikita Khrushchev.

  • March 01, 1960

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in Indonesia, 'Memorandum of Conversation: Ambassador Huang Meets with Comrade Khrushchev'

    Huang Zhen and Nikita Khrushchev briefly discuss Sino-Soviet relations, Sino-Indian relations, and Soviet-Indonesian relations during a visit by Khrushchev to Jakarta.

  • March 06, 1960

    Cable from the Chinese Embassy in India, 'Report on Khrushchev-Nehru Talks in Calcutta'

    The Soviet Cultural Attache reports on the Khrushchev-Nehru talks to a Xinhua reporter.

  • March 15, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 15 March 1960

    Pak Seong-cheol explains ongoing changes within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Puzanov obtains new information on industries in various regions of North Korea.

  • April 01, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 1 April 1960

    Soviet Ambassador Puzanov gives a speech about Soviet foreign policy towards Southeast Asia.

  • April 08, 1960

    Excerpt from the Political Report of the Soviet Embassy in China for 1959

    This excerpt from the USSR embassy in the PRC highlights the development and strengthening of the Chinese-Soviet friendship, cultural exchange, and exchange of knowledge and expertise in the year 1959. This was achieved with the help of the Society of Chinese Soviet Friendship and other active social organizations. The report concludes with goals for the upcoming year.

  • April 24, 1960

    Allen Dulles Suggests Private 'Freedom Radios'

    Dulles drafts a suggestion for establishing “Freedom Radios” that would merge RFE and RL, expand broadcasts to other parts of the world, and become truly private enterprises free of CIA involvement

  • April 27, 1960

    Letter from Chairman of the USSR Committee of State Security A. Shelepin to Deputy Chairman and Minister of Internal Affairs of Czechoslovakia Rudolf Barák

    The USSR Committee of State Security agrees to send a delegation to a conference of leaders of other socialist security services to be held in Prague.

  • April 29, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 29 April 1960

    Puzanov and Pak Seong-cheol discuss plans for a dinner at the Soviet Embassy and the possibility of having the United Nations investigate conditions in South Korea.

  • May 16, 1960

    Memorandum for International Operations Division Chief, 'RFE Guidance Line on U-2 Incident'

    An IOD officer responsible for RFE reports to Cord Meyer on differences between the FEC/RFE leadership in New York and the RFE management in Munich on broadcast coverage of the U-2 incident and endorses the “calm and reasoned” approach of the Munich management.

  • May 17, 1960

    Journal of Soviet Ambassador in the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 17 May 1960

    Puzanov informs Kim Il Sung of the Soviet position toward America's provocations and says Kim's request to visit Krushchev in Moscow will likely be accepted.

  • June 01, 1960

    From the Journal of N. Ye. Torbenkov, Record of a Conversation with DPRK MFA Counselor Pak Deok-hwan

    In this incomplete document, Pak Deok-hwan, a Soviet Korean, describes his plans to return to the Soviet Union. He also discusses the "Juche" philosophy being promoted by the KWP that "everything Korean is better compared to [anything] foreign."