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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • 1962

    Address by V. V. Volsky on Trends in the Economic Development of Latin America

    Address at a Soviet conference on "The Problems of the National Liberation Movement in Latin America" circa 1962. Volsky discusses the problems of the Latin American economy

  • January 18, 1962

    Report from Cultural Attaché at the Israeli Embassy, Rio de Janeiro, Smeul Benizi, 18 January 1962, Subject: 'Brazil – Cuban-Latin American Relations'

    Cultural Attaché at the Israeli Embassy in Rio de Janeiro, Smeul Benizi, discusses the proposal from Brazil to the Organization of American States (OAS) suggesting that Cuba become a neutral country, like Finland.

  • March 26, 1962

    Polish Embassy, Rio de Janeiro (Chabasinski), to Polish Foreign Ministry

    Telegram describing meeting between Ambassador Chabasinski and Soviet Ambassador Ilya Semenovich Chernyshev during which Chabasinski advised him on diplomatic conduct while in Brazil.

  • February 27, 1962

    Polish Embassy, Rio de Janeiro (Chabasinski), to Polish Foreign Ministry

    Telegram describing Ambassador Chabasinski's meeting with Brazilian Foreign Minister Francisco Clementino San Tiago Dantas regarding the new Brazilian ambassador to Poland and mutual interests between the two countries.

  • May 03, 1962

    Polish Embassy, Rio de Janeiro (Chabasinski), to Polish Foreign Ministry

    Telegram recounting a dinner hosted by Ambassador Chabasinski and attended by Foreign Minister Francisco Clementino San Tiago Dantas during which they discussed the two countries economic relations, foreign policy, and expanding Polish-Brazilian cooperation.

  • May 07, 1962

    Polish Embassy, Rio de Janeiro (Chabasinski), to Polish Foreign Ministry

    Telgram describing meeting between Ambassador Chabasinski and Luís Carlos Prestes--founder of the Communist Party of Brazil--regarding Prestes acquiring a visa to Brazil with the help of Brazilian Foreign Minister Dantas. Also discussed Brazil's problems with Francisco Juliao, leader of the peasant league.

  • September 28, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Embassy in Havana

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy to Cuba reporting that the United States is already exercising, in a systematic character, strict naval and aerial vigilance around Cuba.

  • October 02, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Embassy in Havana

    A telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Cuba giving an update on the most recent internal political situation of Cuba, Russian armament and military personnel arriving.

  • October 07, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Delegation at the 17th Session of the UN General Assembly (Afonso Arinos), New York

    A telegram from the Brazilian delegation to the UN General Assembly describing the impacts and opinions of the U.S. economic sanctions against Cuba from the understanding of the Eastern European and "Iron Curtain countries."

  • October 08, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Embassy in Havana (de Gamboa)

    A telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Cuba describing the speech of Cuban President Dorticós, in the UN, as extremely ponderous and even conservative, by Cuban standards. Dorticos alluded at length to the North-American threats against Cuba, evidencing therefore, one more time, the “complex of invasion” that has motivated in large measures the comportment of the revolutionary government in international politics. Dorticos affirmed, moreover, that Cuba desires a “policy of peace and of coexistence” with all countries of the Continent, within an “absolute respect to the principle of non-intervention.”

  • October 08, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Delegation at the 17th UN General Assembly

    Cuban President Osvaldo Dorticos says in a meeting with Afonso Arinos de Mello-Franco that Cuba does not desire to be armed more than it has to for defense. They also discuss United States interference in Cuban affairs.

  • October 22, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Delegation at the Annual Conferences of CIES (Celso Furtado), Mexico City

    US Secretary of the Treasury C. Douglas Dillon tells the Brazilian delegation that he must leave the Annual Conference of Cities in Mexico because the situation between the US and Cuba is too volatile and "he could not say if there will be or not a world nuclear war by the weekend."

  • October 22, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Delegation at the Annual Conference of CIES (Celso Furtado), Mexico City (Part II)

    Furtado, in a follow-up telegram to his earlier message, recalls the impression that the American government considered the speech of Kennedy as an ultimatum to the USSR on the Cuban question.

  • October 22, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Washington (Campos)

    A report from the Brazilian Embassy in Washington, D.C. about several meetings and consultations between the principal members and organs of the government (Kennedy, Johnson, etc.), especially of the Department of State and the Pentagon.Campos believes that an elaborate decision of great significance is in progress and that this decision may refer to Berlin or to Cuba or to the situation of the conflict between India and China.

  • October 23, 1962

    Telegram from Mexican Foreign Ministry to Mexican Embassy, Rio de Janeiro

    A telegram from the Mexican Foreign Ministry to the Mexican Embassy in Brazil describing a United States resolution was approved. The resolution contains two fundamental points: that Soviet bases in Cuba will be dismantled, and that authorization was given for member states to adopt individual or collective measures including the use of armed force. The resolution was voted for in parts and Mexico, Brazil, and Bolivia abstained from voting on the second part. The impression of the Mexican Foreign Ministry is that the present international situation is of great seriousness.

  • October 23, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Embassy in Washington (Campos), 1 p.m., Tuesday

    Suggestion for a decision to internationalize the Cuban crisis would permit Cuba and the Soviet Union to "save face", diminishing the dangerous possibility of direct confrontation.

  • October 23, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Foreign Ministry to Brazilian Delegation at the OAS, Washington

    Brazilian officials are suggesting the Brazilian government vote for the part of the North American resolution that prescribes the arms embargo and the inspections of ships that demand ports in Cuba.

  • October 23, 1962

    Memorandum of Telephone Conversation between Mexican Foreign Ministry official and Mexican Ambassador to Brazil

    The Brazilian and Mexican diplomats to Cuba weigh in on their respective governments' opinions on the Cuban crisis and increasing U.S.-Cuban tensions.

  • October 23, 1962

    Telegram from Brazilian Embassy in Washington (Campos), 7 p.m. Tuesday

    A report of the meeting between OAS officials and the descisions that were made regarding the Cuban crisis. Secretary Martin puts forward that, soon, there will be fully disseminated, to convince Latin American public opinion of the gravity of the threat, photographs of the remote-controlled missiles in Cuba.

  • October 23, 1962

    Telegram from the Brazilian Embassy in Washington (Campos)

    A report on Secretary of State Dean Rusk's discussion of the severity of the American reaction to the installation of remote-controlled missiles of medium and intermediate range in Cuba by the Soviet Union.