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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 01, 1963

    Note by SMD on Inter-Allied Force

    Note by Gen. Aldo Rossi on aims, composition and structure of the Nuclear Interallied Force and potential advantages for Italy.

  • January 01, 1963

    Note by SMD on Denuclearization of the Mediterranean

    Note by gen. Aldo Rossi against Soviet proposal for denuclearization of the Mediterranean, which would deny Italy a nuclear deterrent through NATO.

  • January 01, 1963

    Note by Piero Vinci to Andreotti on MLF

    Note by Minister's cabinet head Piero Vinci on political and technical issues related to MLF in preparation for discussions with President Kennedy. Also discussed are changes to NATO Standing Group and nomination of gen. De Martino as vice chairman of the Military Committee

  • 1963

    Report, 'Point 2. NATO situation'

    Discussion of the relative roles of the United States, Great Britain, Germany and France in NATO and a proposal to revise the role of NATO as the threat of a Soviet attack increases.

  • January 03, 1963

    Report by Permanent Representative to NATO Alessandrini to Minister of Defense Andreotti

    This report addresses the failure of NATO to meet the agreed-upon threshold for conventional weapons buildup.

  • January 07, 1963

    MAE Analysis on NATO MLF after Nassau accords

    MAE analysis on Nassau accords, issue of NATO MLF, and availability of naval units for Polaris program. Includes preliminary considerations on Italian position to the Atlantic Council.

  • January 15, 1963

    MAE Cable Report on Nassau Accords

    Report by italian representative to the Atlantic Council A. Alessandrini on outline to the Atlantic Council of Nassau Accords; the paper also discusses the problem of NATO nuclear defense, the US position on autonomous arsenals and Italy's position.

  • January 15, 1963

    MAE Cable Report on NATO and Nuclear Forces

    Note by ambassador to the UK Pietro Quaroni on NATO US leadership, nuclear balance, european nuclear deterrent, conventional armaments and bilateral relations between European countries and the US.

  • January 21, 1963

    Bulgarian Legation, Washington (Shterev), Cable to Foreign Ministry

    In his cable to the Bulgarian Foreign Ministry, Ambasador Kiril Shterev reports information about expected US assistance to Greece in 1963. Shterev acquired the information during lunch with the Greek Charge d' Affaires, Counselor Kalougeras. Kalougeras also mentioned Turkey's possible entrance into the European Economic Community and inquired about US-Bulgarian relations.

  • January 23, 1963

    US Embassy West Germany Airgram A-1566, 'Franco-German Cooperation in Nuclear Field'

    In a follow up report to an airgram from December 28, 1962, the U.S. embassy in Bonn determined that the French and the Germans were considering building a reprocessing plant at the Karlsruhe nuclear complex.

  • January 28, 1963

    Bulgarian Consulate, Istanbul (Karadimov), Cable to Foreign Ministry

    Bulgarian General Consul in Istanbul Dimo Karadimov reports to the Bulgarian Foreign Ministry news of new ballistic missiles in Turkey. Specifically, Karadimov notes that the US military will replace Jupiter missiles with Polaris missiles within the year. Karadimov cannot confirm NATO's involvement.

  • February 06, 1963

    Information on Data, Received from Greek and Turkish Legations

  • February 08, 1963

    Meeting Minutes, Council of Ministers of the Netherlands, 'NATO Defense Policy'

    These Council of Ministers minutes report on the meeting between Prime Minister De Quay and several of his state secretaries with NATO Secretary-General Stikker, who gave an outline of what was still called a ‘NATO Nuclear Force’. The prime minister responded positively to the plan but indicated the incoming cabinet would have to take a final decision. In the discussion, Minister of Foreign Affairs Luns comments on the attitude of President De Gaulle and points out that NATO and EEC matters ought to be viewed separately.

  • February 08, 1963

    MAE Cable Report on MLF

    Note by embassies in Parigi, Aja and Italian Atlantic Council delegation on recent developments of NATO MLF.

  • February 09, 1963

    Proposal of the Minister of the Interior D. Dikov to Bulgarian Secretariat on Exchange of Arrested Agents between Bulgaria and Greece

    The Minister of Internal Affairs, Diko Dikov, seeks authorization from the BCP CC Secretariat for the proposed exchange of captured intelligence operatives between Greece and Bulgaria.

  • February 13, 1963

    Report from Alessandrini to Piccioni concerning NATO MLF consultations

    Report by italian representative to the Atlantic Council A. Alessandrini to Deputy Prime Minister on NATO consultations, positions of the members of the Alliance and Nassau agrrements for the creation of a multilateral nuclear force. In particular, the paper discusses the points of view of SACEUR L. Lemnitzer and US Ambassor to NATO Finletter.

  • February 15, 1963

    Bulgarian Legation, Washington (Shterev), Cable to Foreign Ministry

    Bulgarian Charge d’Affaires in the US Kiril Shterev reports to the Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs that US Deputy Secretary of Defense Roswell Gilpatric stated that three submarines carrying Polaris missiles will be deployed to the Mediterranean Sea. The deployment follows US withdrawal from Italian and Turkish bases after the Cuban Missile Crisis.

  • March 27, 1963

    President Kennedy to Honorable William Tyler [Assistant Secretary of State for European Affairs] and Honorable Paul Nitze [Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs]

    In a memorandum to senior officials at the Departments of Defense and State, President Kennedy expressed doubts over whether West Germany would abide by the non-nuclear weapons commitment that West German Chancellor Adenauer had made in 1954. Also mentioned in the memorandum is Kennedy's description of a meeting with West German defense minister Kai-Uwe von Hassell to discuss these concerns; von Hassell assured the President that West Germany would not go on any "nuclear adventures."

  • March 14, 1963

    Report from Alessandrini to MAE and MD on Issue of Surface Ships MLF

    Report by italian representative to the Atlantic Council A. Alessandrini on discussions with US technological experts within the delegation of the head of the MLF negotiating team L. Merchant.

  • March 15, 1963

    Meeting Minutes, Council of Ministers of the Netherlands, 'Atlantic Nuclear Weapons Plan'

    The Council discusses the danger of the German Federal Republic moving to acquire an independent nuclear force. Minister of Foreign Affairs Luns regrets the American focus on the Germans at the expense of the British. Resistance from the French regarding the plan is not expected.