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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • 1976

    Analysis of China's Foreign Policy by the Czechoslovak Embassy in Beijing

    This document examines Chinese attempts to foster Western European integration as a counterbalance to the US. Also discussed is the relationship between NATO countries and China and its impact on Soviet-Sino relations, military cooperation between China and Western Europe, and the relations between China and West Germany.

  • 1976

    Memorandum on the Problem of Disarmament and Security, Submitted to the Netherlands Parliament

    Memorandum giving an overview of Dutch policy balancing nuclear disarmament and security needs. It cites the need for a "reality check" and noting that the "current security system" of nuclear deterrence cannot be overhauled or improved on by sudden changes that activist groups like the Interchurch Peace Council propose. The memorandum stresses the importance of weighing the risks that come with abandoning the current security system and those involved with creating or joining an new security system.

  • January 27, 1976

    George Vest to the Secretary, 'Nuclear Suppliers Status Report'

    In this document regarding the final agreement, George Vest wrote Kissinger that it “served to close many of the loopholes and inadequacies of previous nuclear cooperation agreements between suppliers and recipients.” It also put the French and West Germans on record to restrict access to sensitive nuclear technologies. Nevertheless, as Vest noted, the guidelines would not prevent “indigenous” development of nuclear capabilities and “unsafeguarded developments” or the acquisition of sensitive technology.

  • April 04, 1976

    Letter from Akbar Etemad, President of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, to Hans-Hilger Haunschild, Deputy Minister in the Federal Ministry of Research and Technology of FRG

    Etemad acknowledges receipt of a letter from Haunschild stating that fissionable nuclear materials will not be transfered to any of the countries listed in the annex.

  • April 04, 1976

    Letter from Akbar Etemad, President of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, to Hans-Hilger Haunschild, Deputy Minister in the Federal Ministry of Research and Technology of FRG

    Etemad acknowledges receipt of a letter from Haunschild stating that in the future West Germany and Iran may cooperate " to build uranium enrichment, or fuel reprocessing installations in Iran."

  • April 04, 1976

    Letter from Akbar Etemad, President of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, to Hans-Hilger Haunschild, Deputy Minister in the Federal Ministry of Research and Technology of FRG

    Etemad acknowledges receipt of a letter from Haunschild with details of the contract to be signed for nuclear cooperation between West Germany and Iran.

  • June 02, 1976

    Reply, French Minister of Foreign Affairs, 'Sale of Two Nuclear Plants to South Africa'

    French Minister of Foreign Affairs, Jean Sauvagnargues, responds to an inquiry from the National Assembly regarding France's sale of two pressurized-water reactors to South Africa.

  • June 09, 1976

    Letter from A.J. Meerburg to Mient Jan Faber of the Interchurch Peace Council

    Diplomat A.J. Meerburg writes to activist Mient Jan Faber about nuclear proliferation and disarmament issues, illustrating the amiable relations that developed between social activists and national security professionals and activists in the Netherlands.

  • June 11, 1976

    George Vest to the Secretary of State, 'London Nuclear Suppliers Meeting'

    This document provides an overview of the London Nuclear Suppliers' Meeting which included the addition of the five newest countries to the original seven. Most old and new members were receptive when Washington lobbied them to support a “long term and stable regime of restraint” on the export of sensitive enrichment and reprocessing technology. While the French were supportive of the moratorium proposal, the Germans were uncomfortable with it, not least because of the implications for their deal with Brazil.

  • June 30, 1976

    MAE Cable on Italian Ratification of the NPT

    Memo by ambassador to the UK R. on disagreement by the British government over the Italian interpretation of art. 1 and 2 of the NPT regarding PNE (Peaceful Nuclear Explosion).

  • July 30, 1976

    Note from the Embassy of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Helsinki, to the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Republic of Finland

    A DPRK Embassy note on the departure of North Korean diplomats from Helsinki.

  • August 14, 1976

    MAE Report on Italian Ratification of the NPT

    Analysis by MAE litigation service on the scope and legal relevance of the reaction by depositary states and Australia to the Italian declaration of May 4 1975on the issue of nuclear weapons and other nuclear explosive devices.

  • August 26, 1976

    Conversation between Foreign Minister Genscher and Chinese Ambassador Wang Shu

    A conversation between West German Foreign Minister Genscher and Chinese Ambassador Wang Shu about European security and developments in Africa. The Foreign Minister expresses interest in a visit to Germany by the Chinese Foreign Minister.

  • October, 1976

    Material for Discussion in the "Permanent Commission on Issues of European Security"

    An analysis of the November 1976 plenary session of the socialist countries' permanent commission of scientific institutions discussion about issues of European security and cooperation.

  • October 18, 1976

    Press Release of the Royal Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Announcement that all North Korean Embassy personnel in Oslo have been asked to leave the country following reports of smuggling through the embassy.

  • October 18, 1976

    Telegram to the Embassy in Pyongyang, 'Deportation North Korean Diplomats'

    Two press releases on the discovery of smuggling activities by personnel at the North Korean Embassy in Oslo.

  • October 18, 1976

    Letter from Norwegian Police Security Service to Foreign Ministry, 'The North Korean Embassy - Illegal Import and Distribution of Spirits, Cigarettes, etc.'

    Surveillance of the North Korean Embassy in Oslo discovered it was the source of illegal import and distribution of spirits and cigarettes, and the illegal activities were directed by the North Korean Foreign Ministry.

  • October 19, 1976

    Letter from Willum Steen, Police Security Service, to Sverre Gjellum, Minister of Foreign Affairs, 'North Korean Embassy - Illegal Import and Distribution of Spirits, Cigarettes, etc.'

    Cover letter with notes submitted to the Minister of Foreign Affairs.

  • October 19, 1976

    Notes to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, 'Smuggling - North Korea's Embassy'

    Chargé d’affaires of the North Korean Embassy in Oslo is informed that all embassy personnel (including the ambassador) must leave the country following the discovery of wide-scale smuggling activities.

  • October 19, 1976

    The President's Daily Brief, October 19, 1976

    The CIA reports that Norway and Denmark have expelled North Korean diplomats for smuggling alcohol and tobacco.