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Digital Archive International History Declassified


  • January 19, 1979

    Political Action Committee, Guidelines to Formulate a Total National Strategy for Rhodesia

    There is not a contradiction between the proposed short term approach regarding Rhodesia and the proposed longer term approach regarding Angola, Mozambique, Rhodesia and South West Africa.

  • February 20, 1979

    Saddam and High-Ranking Officials Discussing Khomeini, the Ethiopian-Eritrean conflict, the Potential for Kurdish Unrest, and the Iranian Economy

    Transcript of a meeting between Saddam and some Iraqi diplomatic personnel dated 20 February 1979. The meeting's main issue was Iran and Khomeini. One of the attendants asked Saddam if there is any possibility of turbulence in Iranian Kurdistan due to the internal chaos of the Iranian government. And if so, how would it affect Iraqi Kurdistan. They talked about the Iranian economy and the Iranian army. They said that the Iranian air force contains mostly American jets and it was built on American experience. Secondly they had a discussion about Eritrea and the diplomatic relationship between Iraq and Eritrea.

  • February 21, 1979

    Memorandum, Meeting on Rhodesian Situation at the Office of the Secretary of Foreign Affairs of South Africa

    Discussion centered around British support for Smith, Anglo-American involvement in the conflict, Cuban/Soviet involvement, and South Africa's stake in it all.

  • April 02, 1979

    Telegram, Personal for Secretary—My K11

    Chief Kayisa Ndiweni explains his visit to Europe, including the heated argument with Foreign Secretary Owen that transpired.

  • April 26, 1979

    USSR Embassy in Cuba, "Informational Letter on Contemporary Cuban-American Relations"

    The Soviet Embassy in Havana gives an overview of the latest developments in US-Cuban relations. While steps towards a rapprochment have been undertaken, both sides are deadlocked on the issue of Cuba's military involvement in Africa.

  • May, 1979

    Telegram from RGBS, Salisbury, to Secretary of Central Security Council, Pretoria

    Political guidelines which are at present valid are focused on ensuring maximum room for politicians to manoeuvre in attempts to have sanctions lifted in order to bring about recognition for Zim. Rhod.

  • May 24, 1979

    Memorandum of Conversation between Minister-counselor of the Soviet Embassy in Havana M. Manasov and Cuban Communist Party CC member Raul Valdes Vivo, 7 May 1979

    Memorandum of conversation between Minister-counselor of the Soviet Embassy in Havana M. Manasov and Cuban Communist Party CC member Raul Valdes Vivo where Vivo discusses plans for Soviet-Cuban cooperation on the Zimbabwe situation

  • July 04, 1979

    Activities of the Korean Embassy in the GDR Among Foreign Students

    The North Korean Embassy in the GDR is hosting study and film sessions for foreign students from countries such as Malawi.

  • July 29, 1979

    Minutes of Todor Zhivkov – Robert Mugabe Conversation, Sofia

    Robert Mugabe - leader of the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) and future president of Zimbabwe - visits Bulgarian and meets with Todor Zhivkov. Mugabe discusses the progress of the conflict in Zimbabwe and requests Bulgarian military support for his forces. Zhivkov expresses concern about the division of the Zimbabwean forces into two separate and competing military groups and advises him to unite with Joshua Nkomo's Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU).

  • September, 1979

    Report on A. N. Kosygin’s Official Visit to Ethiopia

    Meeting and negotiations between A. N. Kosygin and Haile Mariam Mengistu. The report discusses Ethiopian use of force to solve internal conflict, concern over neighboring countries, agricultural initiatives, and Mengistu's plan to create a new political party in Ethiopia. The meeting concludes with an agreement that the Soviet Union will provide assistance to Ethiopia in exploration of oil, education, and machinery.

  • October, 1979

    SVR Guidelines for Zimbabwe-Rhodesia in the Light of the London Conference - Final Draft

    Republic of South Africa is determined to prevent a Marxist government from securing power in neighboring Zimbabwe-Rhodesia

  • October, 1979

    ZRGBS Report: Zimbabwe-Rhodesia (Z-R) Political Development

    Overview of political developments in Zimbabwe-Rodesia reporting hopeful optimism that a settlement can be reached in London. The structure of newly created governing bodies is announced. Additionally it states that the chances of Nkomo winning an election are slim, and that if Mugabe comes to power a clash between ZPRA and ZANLA forces is a strong possibility. If a settlement is not reached, Zimbabwe-Rhodesia will become even more heavily dependent on South Africa.

  • October, 1979

    SVR Guidelines in light of London Conference

    Guidelines spelling out what course of action the Republic of South Africa should pursue based on the different scenario's posed regarding future Zimbabwian-Rhodesian developments.

  • October 17, 1979

    Memorandum, The RSA (Republic of South Africa) Action as a Result of the Visit of Minister R.F. Botha to Britain

    Document outlining possibility that Britain will retake Rhodesia as a colony, and what ramifications such a move would have on South Africa and all the resources that state has invested in Rhodesia.

  • October 20, 1979

    Meeting between South African Prime Minister Botha and a Zimbabwe/Rhodesian Delegation led by Deputy Prime Minister

    Discussion of potential South African aid to Zimbabwe/Rhodesia to finance the fight against Marxists, in addition to the need by Z/R to have the sanctions currently levied against them lifted.

  • October 30, 1979

    Telegram, Visit of Mr. Els to Salisbury

    Telegram recalls conversation regarding the involvement of South Africa in any pre-election campaigning and clandestine operations in Rhodesia.

  • December 28, 1979

    Meeting of Prime Minister Botha and Bishop Muzorewa

    Discuss presence of South African forces and whether this issue could potential hurt Bishop Muzorewa in the upcoming election

  • December 31, 1979

    Telegram, From Salisbury, Priorite Secextern Pretoria, Funds Needed for Mawena

    Mawena needs extra funding to convince Karanga people that could be used against Mugabe in upcoming election. Great opportunity to act now because suspicion exists that Mugabe is responsible for the killing of Tongagara, a Karanga.