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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • January 02, 1989

    Romania: New Government Seeks to Reassure Wary Public

    An analysis of the National Salvation Front's movement to consolidate power in the transition to multiparty democracy.

  • February, 1989

    Memorandum to Alexander Yakovlev from the Bogomolov Commission (Marina Sylvanskaya)

    Memorandum to Alexander Yakovlev from the Bogomolov Commission (Marina Sylvanskaya) describing the changes in individual Eastern European countries and their impact on the Soviet Union

  • March 13, 1989

    Minutes of Conversation of the Meeting of the Executive Political Committee (BCEx) of the RCP CC

    Ceausescu informs the Committee about a foreign spy, Raceanu, that had been uncovered and also discusses activities of former party members, "political hooligans."

  • June 14, 1989

    Conversation between M. S. Gorbachev and FRG Chancellor Helmut Kohl

    Gorbachev and Kohl discuss relations with the United States, Kohl's upcoming visit to Poland, and the status of reforms in various socialist countries.

  • July 05, 1989

    Excerpts from the Conversation of M.S. Gorbachev and Francois Mitterrand

    Excerpts from a dinner conversation between Gorbachev and Mitterrand where they discuss the political situations in Romania, Bulgaria, and Poland, and also comment on the US political system.

  • July 12, 1989

    Memorandum from Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov to the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party

    Memorandum from Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov to the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party regarding a meeting of leaders of the Warsaw Pact countries to determine how to proceed with enhancing contacts with the West and pursuing disarmament

  • July 13, 1989

    Hungary: Tension with Orthodox Neighbors Growing

    An analysis of the political climate between Hungary, Romania, and Czechoslovakia.

  • July 24, 1989

    Decision of the Moldavian KGB Collegium, On the Implementation Status by KGB MSSR Section 5 'Fulfillment of the Directives of the XXVIIth CPSU Congress on the Intensification of Ideological-Educational Work'

    Report by the Moldavian KGB on the decisions it had implemented of the USSR KGB Collegium from the previous year. Includes work to counter Romanian nationalist propaganda. Romania is referred to by the code name "Objective 24." General-Lieutenant G.M. Volkov, the Chairman of the Moldavian SSR KGB, maintained that an all-out offensive was required, including the use of “persons of trust from among the ranks of people of science, culture and art,” in order to neutralize “the subversive activity of the adversary” by identifying and isolating the “emissaries of the adversary” and imposing “permanent and reliable operational control” over them.

  • August 04, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Friday, 4 August 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 4 August 1989 describes the latest developments in Lebanon, Iran, El Salvador, the Soviet Union, Afghanistan, Thailand, Somalia, Bolivia, Romania, the United States, and Israel.

  • August 19, 1989

    Soviet Ambassador to Romania E. M. Tyazhel'nikov, Record of a Conversation with N. Ceauşescu and Message for Gorbachev

    Ambassador Tyazhel'nikov relays a message for Gorbachev from Ceauşescu in which he expresses concern about events in Poland and Tadeusz Mazowiecki's appointment as Prime Minister. Ceauşescu argued strongly that the socialist states "must decisively come forth in a united front in order to prevent the formation of a Solidarity-led government in Poland."

  • August 21, 1989

    Resolution of the CPSU CC Politburo No. 132, 'Regarding the Appeal of Cde. Ceauşescu'

    The CPSU CC rejects Ceauşescu's proposal that the Warsaw Pact and CMEA convene to discuss the situation in Poland, stating "each of our parties and each of our states are in a position now to decide this matter for themselves, without the need to hold a multilateral meeting."

  • August 21, 1989

    Transcript of Meeting of the Executive Politburo of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party

    Ceauşescu and the Romanian Executive Politburo discuss events in Poland in August 1989 and Ceauşescu's message to the other socialist countries concerning it.

  • August 22, 1989

    Report of the Embassy of Romania in Warsaw to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 0145 hr

    Romanian Ambassador to Poland Ion Tesu reports on the Polish response to Ceaușescu's 19 August message to all of the socialist countries. Includes a written response from the PUWP leadership

  • August 24, 1989

    Information of the Romanian Embassy in Budapest to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1415 hrs

    A Romanian official at the Embassy in Budapest reports on the Hungarian response to Ceaușescu's 19 August 1989 appeal regarding the situation in Poland.

  • November 02, 1989

    Special Analysis: Hungary: Reorienting Security Policy

    An analysis of increased liberalization in Hungary and the country's membership to the Warsaw Pact.

  • November 13, 1989

    Czechoslovakia: The Next Domino

    An analysis of Czechoslovakia's political stability in light of the developing situations in East Germany and Bulgaria.

  • November 18, 1989

    Romania: The Bloc's Last Holdout

    An analysis of Ceausescu's firm grip on Romania and his almost-certain reelection.

  • November 18, 1989

    Romania: Draconian Economic Policies

    An analysis of Ceausescu's economic austerity and his continued efforts to reinvigorate the economy through consumer spending.

  • November 27, 1989

    Romania: Party Congress Underscores Ceausescu's Isolation

    An analysis of Ceausescu's unanimous victory in the Party Congress.

  • November 28, 1989

    Decision About the Measures Regarding the Decision of the KGB Collegium of the USSR of 5 September 1989, 'About the Tasks of the State Security Services of the USSR Regarding the Defense of the Soviet Constitutional Regime'

    In response to the increase of anti-Soviet and Romanian nationalist propaganda, the Moldavian KGB decides to form a new organization, Section 3, "to provide a principled basis for the activity concerning the defense of the Soviet constitutional regime." Detailed instructions are given for the new Sections operations and activities.