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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • February, 1989

    Memorandum to Alexander Yakovlev from the Bogomolov Commission (Marina Sylvanskaya)

    Memorandum to Alexander Yakovlev from the Bogomolov Commission (Marina Sylvanskaya) describing the changes in individual Eastern European countries and their impact on the Soviet Union

  • March 23, 1989

    Bulgarian Secretariat Resolution on Termination of Jamming of Foreign Broadcasts for Bulgaria

    The BCP CC passes a decision to stop jamming the broadcast of Western radio stations airing programs in Bulgarian. This decision however does not apply to Radio Ankara, whose Bulgarian programming continues to be blocked.

  • March 25, 1989

    Letter to Gorbachev from Shevardnadze, Yazov, and Kamentsev on Obligations for Military Assistance

    In this letter, Shevardnadze, Yazov, and Kamentsev discuss the Soviet Union's obligations to provide military assistance to their treaty partners, and the differences between treaties.

  • April 22, 1989

    Official talks between Todor Zhivkov and Andreas Papandreou, Prime Minister of Greece

    Official talks between the President of the State Council of the People’s Republic of Bulgaria Todor Zhivkov and the Prime Minister of Greece Andreas Papandreou regarding Greek-Bulgarian relations.

  • May 31, 1989

    Bulgarian Politburo Decision on Appointment of New Bulgarian Ambassador to China

    This document records a decision of the Politburo of the Bulgarian Communist Party to appoint Philip Markov as the new Bulgarian ambassador to China.

  • June 06, 1989

    Bulgarian Politburo Discussion on Radio Free Europe Monitoring Reports (excerpt)

    This extract from a Politburo discussion indicates the attention paid to monitoring Western broadcasts for the top Party elite and Party leader Zhivkov’s impatience with the regime monitors’ focus on RFE broadcasts.

  • June 06, 1989

    Meeting of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party

    Discussion of broadcasts of "Radio Free Europe" and other Western media on Bulgaria's policies towards the country's Turkish minority.

  • June 08, 1989

    Assessment Paper by the Austrian Foreign Ministry, '[Excerpt] Eastern Europe; Current Assessment'

    The paper addresses the change in economics, politics, and social structures in the Soviet bloc (Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Hungary, and the GDR) as a result of the USSR loosening up regulations.

  • July 05, 1989

    Excerpts from the Conversation of M.S. Gorbachev and Francois Mitterrand

    Excerpts from a dinner conversation between Gorbachev and Mitterrand where they discuss the political situations in Romania, Bulgaria, and Poland, and also comment on the US political system.

  • October 24, 1989

    Letter from Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov to the Bulgarian Communist Party Central Committee

    Letter from Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov to the BCP CC criticizing Todor Zhivkov for bringing Bulgaria into economic crisis and doing everything to keep his family in power

  • November 03, 1989

    Decision by Bulgarian Secretariat on Bulgarian Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov's Visit to China

    With this decision, the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party approves the official visit by Foreign Minister Petar Mladenov to China from 4-11 November 1989.

  • November 10, 1989

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the approval by the CC of the CPB of the resignation of Todor Zhivkov

  • November 13, 1989

    Bulgaria: Mladenov Faces First Test

    An analysis of opposition demonstrations in Bulgaria that test Mladenov's leadership.

  • November 13, 1989

    Czechoslovakia: The Next Domino

    An analysis of Czechoslovakia's political stability in light of the developing situations in East Germany and Bulgaria.

  • November 13, 1989

    Information Note from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Information Note from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding the change in leadership in the CPB and plans to deal with organizational questions as well as for Bulgaria and the Soviet Union to develop bilateral relations

  • November 14, 1989

    National Intelligence Daily for Tuesday, 14 November 1989

    The CIA’s National Intelligence Daily for 14 November 1989 describes the latest developments in East Germany, the Soviet Union, El Salvador, Palestine, Israel, France, Bulgaria, Sri Lanka, Panama and Brazil.

  • November 15, 1989

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (fragment)

    Telegram from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (fragment) regarding the plenum of the CC of the CPB to decide organizational matters

  • November 16, 1989

    Transcript of the Plenum Session of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party

    Transcript of the Plenum Session of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party regarding dismissals from government posts, changes in the Communist party structure and criticism of Todor Zhivkov

  • November 18, 1989

    Information Note from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Note from the Romanian Embassy in Sofia to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs regarding plans for formulation of a new constitution and the reorganization of the party structure in Bulgaria, including an active role for parliament and an investigation of the use of funds by Todor Zhivkov’s family

  • November 20, 1989

    Bulgaria: Crowds Demand Free Elections

    An analysis of increased popular activism and its forward effects on Bulgarian leadership.