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Digital Archive International History Declassified

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  • October 17, 1947

    George C. Marshall, 'A Program for a More Effective United Nations: Address by the Chief of the U.S. Delegation to the General Assembly'

    Marshall speaks about Greece, Palestine, and Korea, as well as the international control of atomic energy and the role and structure of the United Nations.

  • October 01, 1956

    Delegation of the Union of South Africa to the United Nations, 'Statement of Mr. W. C. du Plessis, Leader of the South African Delegation'

    Speech delivered by W.C. Du Plessis, leader of the South African delegation, to the Conference on the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency. The speech conveys South Africa's hopes and concerns for the future of nuclear energy technology while also outlining the advances in the field made by South African scientists.

  • October 01, 1956

    Eleventh Plenary Meeting of the Conference on the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency (Statement by South African Ambassador W.C. du Plessis)

    Statement by the South African Ambassador to the United States, W. C. du Plessis, at the Eleventh Plenary Meeting of the Conference on the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) held in the United Nations. Du Plessis expresses approval of the election of the new president of the conference, and discusses the history of the IAEA Statute and South Africa's atomic energy research.

  • October 08, 1956

    Seventh Meeting of the Main Committee, Conference on the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency (Statement by South African Ambassador W.C. du Plessis)

    Statement by the South African Ambassador to the United States, W. C. du Plessis, at the Seventh Meeting of the Main Committee of the Conference on the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) held at the United Nations. Du Plessis discusses several amendments intending to improve the representation of African and Middle Eastern countries in the IAEA, as well as several amendments regarding the structure of the organization and the IAEA board.

  • October 07, 1957

    Statement Delivered by D. B. Sole, Leader of the South African Delegation at the Opening of the General Debate of the First General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency

    The South African Charge d'Affaires in Vienna writes to Pretoria about talking points from the General Debate in a conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency. He encloses a copy of the speech the leader of the South African delegation, D. B. Sole, gave to open the Debate.

  • June 04, 1958

    Letter, Indian Foreign Secretary Subimal Dutt to Deputy Secretary to the United Nations

    In a note to India’s Deputy Secretary to the United Nations, India’s Foreign Secretary Subimal Dutt recounts Dr. Homi Bhabha’s opinion of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

  • June 04, 1958

    Note by Foreign Secretary Subimal Dutt on International Atomic Energy Agency

    Dutt summarizes Homi Bhabha's opinions of the International Atomic Energy Agency.

  • July 19, 1960

    Confidential Telegram from South African Ambassador in Vienna D.B. Sole to South African Department of Foreign Affairs Official M.I. Botha on sale of Uranium to Israel.

    The South African Ambassador in Vienna Donald B. Sole responds to a message concerning the Israeli interest in purchasing uranium from South Africa. He does not think that the Israeli Minister's statement that Israeli would obey IAEA safeguards "should be taken seriously" and thus he does not believe it would be in South Africa's best interest to complete the sale.

  • May 29, 1961

    Memorandum from Deputy Chair, South African Atomic Energy Board, T. E. W. Schumann Regarding 2 June 1961 Paris Meeting on Bilateral Safeguards

    Memorandum discussing the impact on South Africa of new safeguards applied by the International Atomic Energy Agency to the sale and transfer of nuclear materials.

  • February 14, 1962

    Department of State Memorandum of Conversation, 'Israel's Atomic Energy Program'

    Discussion with the British about supervision of Israel's atomic energy program.

  • November 13, 1962

    Memorandum from South African Department of Foreign Affairs to Embassies in London, Washington, Ottawa, Canberra and Vienna on the Sale of Uranium to Israel

    Memorandum informing various embassies of the status of South Africa's sale of uranium to Israel, including the terms and safeguards which specified that the uranium should be "used for peaceful purposes only."

  • May 28, 1966

    USSR Council of Ministers Resolution, 'On the Accession of the USSR to the Agreement on Privileges and Immunities of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)'

    A draft resolution on formal Soviet accession to the Agreement on Privileges and Immunities of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

  • June 11, 1966

    Directives for the Soviet Delegation to the Session of the Board of Governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency (14-21 June 1966)

    This document outlines guidance for the Soviet delegation to the June 1966 meeting of the IAEA Board of Governors, specifically on their concerns about the IAEA being involved in efforts to create a nuclear free zone in Latin America.

  • June 16, 1966

    Directive to the Soviet Representative, Vienna

    The USSR was concerned that the IAEA might endeavor to complete an atomic research center in Ghana on which it had already expended considerable resources. This document provides guidance to its Vienna representative.

  • November 19, 1966

    India Department of Atomic Energy, 'Cooperation with USA in the Development of Atomic Energy for Peaceful Purposes'

    Packet of material prepared by the Department of Atomic Energy regarding research cooperation with the United States. Includes a letter from Glenn Seaborg, Chairman of the United States Atomic Energy Commission, a letter from Myron B. Kratzer, of the Division of International Affairs, and a draft of the research agreement.

  • March 02, 1967

    Study on the Comparison between IAEA and Euratom Safeguards by the Department of Safeguards

    This paper analyzes the safeguard systems in the Euratom Treaty and the IAEA Statute. The study concludes that Euratom has tighter and more complex control of the materials for which it is responsible, but the methods used in the two systems are comparable and compatible.

  • April 12, 1967

    Intelligence Note from Thomas L. Hughes to the Acting Secretary, 'Soviets Continue to Denounce American Interpretation of Nonproliferation Treaty'

    The Soviets were insisting that article III on safeguards mention only the IAEA but not the European Atomic Energy Community [EURATOM], even though West Germany and other EURATOM members resisted the idea of IAEA inspections in Western Europe. It would take quite a few months before the Article III wording was to everyone’s satisfaction, but the Soviets also objected to US interpretations of the proposed Article II which would permit a nuclear-armed, united Western Europe.

  • May, 1967

    Report, South African Department of Foreign Affairs, 'Cooperation with Argentina in the Atomic Energy Field'

    Details the current status of South African nuclear cooperation with Argentina, France and Israel as well as South Africa's redesignation to the IAEA Board of Governors.

  • May, 1967

    Report, South African Department of Foreign Affairs, 'Items of Interest in the Field of Atomic Energy: Developments During March-April-May 1967'

    South African report summarizing communication between South African and US officials on the renewal of their atomic energy cooperation agreement, as well as cooperation with Argentina and France, discussion of the sale of uranium to Israel, and South Africa's redesignation to the IAEA board of governors.

  • October 05, 1967

    Aide-Memoire to Commissioner Martino by Robert Schaetzel, 'Article III of the Non-Proliferation Treaty'

    This memorandum to Commissioner Martino from Ambassador Schaetzel accepts the Soviet Draft Article III as he believes it will permit non-nuclear Euratom countries to negotiate collectively with the IAEA and permit a satisfactory verification concept.